Academy Of Fine Arts Vienna Ranking

By | 10/08/2022

Art school in Vienna, Austria

Academy of Fine Arts Vienna
Logo-AdK-Wien.svg
Type Public
Established 1692; 330 years ago
 (1692)
Rector Johan Frederik Hartle
Students 1268 (in 2010)
Location

Vienna

,

Austria

Website www.akbild.ac.at

The
Academy of Fine Arts Vienna
(German:
Akademie der bildenden Künste Wien) is a public fine art schoolhouse of college pedagogy in Vienna, Austria. The academy is infamously known for not albeit Adolf Hitler as a student.

History

[edit]

The Academy of Fine Arts Vienna was founded in 1692 every bit a private academy modelled on the Accademia di San Luca and the Parisien Académie de peinture et de sculpture by the court-painter Peter Strudel, who became the
Praefectus Academiae Nostrae. In 1701 he was ennobled past Emperor Joseph I as
Freiherr
(Baron) of the Empire. With his death in 1714, the academy temporarily closed.[ane]

On 20 January 1725, Emperor Charles Six appointed the Frenchman Jacob van Schuppen as Prefect and Director of the Academy, which was refounded as the
thousand.k. Hofakademie der Maler, Bildhauer und Baukunst
(Imperial and Royal Court Academy of painters, sculptors and architecture). Upon Charles’ death in 1740, the university at first declined, yet during the dominion of his daughter Empress Maria Theresa, a new statute reformed the academy in 1751. The prestige of the academy grew during the deanships of Michelangelo Unterberger and Paul Troger, and in 1767 the archduchesses Maria Anna and Maria Carolina were made the showtime Honorary Members. In 1772, there were further reforms to the organisational structure. In 1776 the engraver Jakob Matthias Schmutzer founded a school of engraving. This Imperial-Purple Academy of Engraving in the Annagasse before long competed with the Court Academy.

Chancellor Wenzel Anton Kaunitz integrated all existing fine art academies into the
k.m. vereinigten Akademie der bildenden Künste
(Royal and Imperial Unified University of Fine Arts). The discussion “vereinigten” (unified) was afterwards dropped. In 1822 the art cabinet grew significantly with the bequest of honorary member Anton Franz de Paula Graf Lamberg-Sprinzenstein. His drove still forms the backbone of the art on display.[2]

Main entrance on Schillerplatz

In 1872 Emperor Franz Joseph I of Republic of austria approved a statute making the academy the supreme government authority for the arts. A new building was constructed according to plans designed past the kinesthesia Theophil Hansen in the course of the layout of the Ringstraße boulevard. On three April 1877, the present-day edifice on Schillerplatz in the Innere Stadt district was inaugurated, the interior works, including ceiling frescos by Anselm Feuerbach, connected until 1892. In 1907 and 1908, immature Adolf Hitler, who had come from Linz, was twice denied admission to the drawing class. He stayed in Vienna, subsisting on his orphan allowance, and tried unsuccessfully to continue his profession as an artist. Shortly he had withdrawn into poverty and started selling amateur paintings, more often than not watercolours, for meagre sustenance until he left Vienna for Munich in May 1913 (run across also, Paintings by Adolf Hitler).[3]

Fragment of the main edifice of the University of Fine Arts in Vienna

Anatomical room of the Akademie

During the Austrian
Anschluss
to Nazi Germany from 1938–1945, the academy, like other Austrian universities, was forced to purge its staff and pupil torso of Jews and others that savage under the purview of the Nuremberg Racial Laws.[4]
Afterward World War II, the academy was reconstituted in 1955 and its autonomy reconfirmed. Eduard von Josch, the secretarial assistant of the University, was dismissed for being a fellow member of the NSDAP.[5]
The academy has had university condition since 1998, but retained its original proper noun. It is currently the only Austrian university that doesn’t take the word “academy” in its proper noun.

Construction

[edit]

The academy is divided into the following institutes:[six]

  • Found for Fine Arts, which houses 13 departments: Abstract Painting; Art and Digital Media; Art and Photography; Arts and Research; Conceptual Fine art; Contextual Painting; Expanded Pictorial Space; Figurative Painting; Graphic Arts and Printmaking Techniques; Object Sculpture; Performative Art – Sculpture; Video and Video-installation; Textual Sculpture[vii]
  • Institute for Art Theory and Cultural Studies
    (art theory, philosophy, history);
  • Institute for Conservation and Restoration;
  • Institute for Natural Sciences and Technologies in Art;
  • Institute for Secondary School Teaching Degrees
    (craft, design, textile arts);
  • Institute for Art and Architecture.

The Academy currently has about 900 students, most a quarter of which are foreign students. Its kinesthesia includes “stars” such equally Peter Sloterdijk. Its library houses approx. 110,000 volumes and its “carving cabinet” (Kupferstichkabinett) has well-nigh 150,000 drawings and prints. The collection is 1 of the biggest in Austria, and is used for academic purposes, although portions are also open to the general public.

Notable alumni

[edit]

  • Maria Anwander
  • Alois Arnegger
  • Joannis Avramidis
  • William Berczy
  • Amoako Boafo
  • Bernhard Cella
  • Georg Decker
  • Ludwig Deutsch
  • Helmut Ditsch
  • Karl Duldig
  • George Dury
  • Antonín Engel
  • Joseph Fleck
  • Richard Gach
  • Victor Gruen
  • Sigurður Guðjónsson
  • Helmuth Gräff
  • Alice Berger Hammerschlag
  • Cecil van Haanen
  • Gottfried Helnwein
  • Wolfgang Hollegha
  • Hans Hollein
  • Alfred Hrdlička
  • Cornelia James[8]
  • Eszter Katalin
  • Gottfried Lindauer
  • Franz Xaver Messerschmidt
  • Vera Nedkova
  • Uroš Predić
  • Heinrich Rauchinger
  • Constantin Daniel Rosenthal
  • Egon Schiele
  • Rudolph Michael Schindler
  • Othmar Schimkowitz
  • Frigyes Schulek
  • Theodor Sockl
  • Willi Soukop
  • Hito Steyerl
  • Katrin Lea Tag
  • Otto Wagner
  • Jacob Weidenmann
  • Erwin Wurm
  • Bruno Zach

Other students and professors

[edit]

  • Karl Aigen (1684–1762), educatee, manager and professor
  • Oz Almog, (born 1956)
  • Alois Arnegger (1879–1963)
  • Joannis Avramidis (1922–2016)
  • Peter Behrens (1868–1940)
  • Sabeth Buchmann (born 1962)
  • Menci Cloudless Crnčić (1865–1930)
  • Konstantin Danil (1802–1873)
  • Saeed Danosian (1979–1985)
  • Diedrich Diederichsen (built-in 1957)
  • Andrea Maria Dusl (built-in 1961)
  • Thomas Ender (1793–1875)
  • Harun Farocki (1944–2014)
  • Anselm Feuerbach (1829–1880), professor (1873)
  • Emil Fuchs (1866–1929)
  • Ernst Fuchs (1930–2015)
  • Peter Johann Nepomuk Geiger (1805–1880), professor
  • Richard Gerstl (1883–1908)
  • Edwin Grienauer (1893–1964)
  • Gottfried Helnwein (born 1948)
  • F. Scott Hess (born 1955)
  • Clemens Holzmeister (1886–1983)
  • Friedensreich Hundertwasser (1928–2000)
  • Li Hua (born 1980)
  • Greta Kempton, (1901–1991)
  • Anton Lehmden (1929–2018)
  • Maximilian Liebenwein (1869–1926)
  • Leopold Matzal (1890–1956)
  • Franz Anton Maulbertsch (1724–1796)
  • Ludwig Merwart (1913–1979)
  • Joseph Mössmer (1780–1845)
  • Caspar Neher (1897–1962)
  • Gustav Peichl (1928–2019)
  • Johann Georg Platzer (1704–1761)
  • Roland Rainer (1910–2004)
  • Daniel Richter (born 1962)
  • Rudolph Schwarz (1840–1912)
  • Robert Sedlacek (1881–1957)
  • Nasrine Seraji (born 1957)
  • Tamuna Sirbiladze (1971–2016)
  • Hito Steyerl (born 1966)
  • Paul Troger (1698–1762)
  • Norbert Troller (1900–1984))
  • Rudolf von Alt (1812–1905)
  • Friedrich von Schmidt (1825–1891)
  • Henrik Weber (1818–1866)
  • Kurt Weiss (1895–1966)
  • Albert Zimmermann (1808–1888)

In Fiction

[edit]

The Academy of Fine Arts in 1908 is the scene of the early capacity in the 2001 Alternative History novel
The Alternative Hypothesis
(“La part de l’autre”) by Éric-Emmanuel Schmitt – based on the supposition that had the immature Adolf Hitler been accepted he might have become a recognized painter and never entered politics – and therefore, never become the dictator of Nazi Germany. The dramatic tension in book’due south plot develops from the Academy staff, deliberating whether or not to acknowledge Hitler, thinking of it every bit an unimportant matter concerning a single unknown pupil – while the readers are aware that in fact they are deciding the future of the unabridged globe.

References

[edit]


  1. ^


    “A Chronological History of the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts”. Academy of Fine Arts Vienna. Retrieved
    6 August
    2022
    .



  2. ^

    History of the art drove Archived 2018-09-10 at the Wayback Machine on the University’south website

  3. ^


    Pruitt, Sarah. “When Hitler Tried (and Failed) to Exist an Creative person”.
    HISTORY
    . Retrieved
    2021-02-24
    .



  4. ^


    Pawlowsky, Verena (2015).
    Dice Akademie der bildenden Künste Wien im Nationalsozialismus : Lehrende, Studierende und Verwaltungspersonal
    (PDF). Wien. ISBN978-three-205-20291-two. OCLC 939388971.



  5. ^


    Pawlowsky, Verena (2015).
    Dice Akademie der bildenden Künste Wien im Nationalsozialismus : Lehrende, Studierende und Verwaltungspersonal
    (PDF). Wien. ISBN978-iii-205-20291-2. OCLC 939388971.



  6. ^


    “Institutes”. Academy of Fine Arts Vienna. Archived from the original on September 17, 2017. Retrieved
    November 27,
    2014
    .



  7. ^

    [1] Archived September xxx, 2011, at the Wayback Auto

  8. ^


    Fowler, Susanne (23 November 2014). “Gloves Fit for a Queen, With Hands-On Adroitness”.
    The New York Times
    . Retrieved
    xviii January
    2016
    .


External links

[edit]


  • Official website

    (in German and English)
  • Exhibition catalogues of Academy of Fine Arts in the Dais Digital Library
  • website of the Media Server
  • Study in Austria: A Guide


Coordinates:



48°12′05″N
sixteen°21′55″E


 / 

48.20139°N sixteen.36528°E
 /
48.20139; xvi.36528






Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academy_of_Fine_Arts_Vienna