Can There Be Two Directors Of Photography

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Main over the camera and lighting crews working on a film

director of photography
(sometimes shortened to
DOP) is the person responsible for the photographing or recording of a film, tv set production, music video or other live action piece. The cinematographer is the primary of the camera and low-cal crews working on such projects and would commonly exist responsible for making artistic and technical decisions related to the image and for selecting the camera, film stock, lenses, filters, etc. The study and do of this field is referred to as cinematography.

The cinematographer is a subordinate of the director, tasked with capturing a scene in accordance with director’due south vision. Relations betwixt the cinematographer and director vary. In some instances, the director will allow the cinematographer consummate independence, while in others, the director allows little to none, even going and so far as to specify verbal camera placement and lens pick. Such a level of involvement is less common when the director and cinematographer accept become comfortable with each other. The director volition typically convey to the cinematographer what is wanted from a scene visually and allow the cinematographer latitude in achieving that effect.

The images recorded past the cinematographer are passed to the flick editor for editing.



Cameraman along with the equipment for making cinematography.

In the infancy of motion pictures, the cinematographer was ordinarily as well the director and the person physically handling the camera. As the art form and applied science evolved, a separation between director and photographic camera operator emerged. With the advent of bogus lighting and faster (more than light-sensitive) picture stocks, in addition to technological advancements in optics, the technical aspects of cinematography necessitated a specialist in that area.

Cinematography was key during the silent moving-picture show era; with no sound apart from groundwork music and no dialogue, the films depended on lighting, interim, and gear up.

The American Society of Cinematographers (ASC) was formed in 1919 in Hollywood, and was the first merchandise society of cinematographers. Like societies were formed in other countries. Their aims include the recognition of the cinematographer’due south contribution to the fine art and science of motion picture making.[one]

Societies and merchandise organizations


At that place are a number of national associations of cinematographers that represent members (irrespective of their official titles) and are defended to the advancement of cinematography, including:

  • the American Social club of Cinematographers (A.S.C.)
  • the Brazilian Cinematographers Society (A.B.C.)
  • the International Collective of Women Cinematographers (ICFC)
  • the Canadian Society of Cinematographers (C.S.C.)
  • the Finnish Society of Cinematographers (F.South.C.)
  • the Guild of British Camera Technicians (Chiliad.B.C.T.)
  • the British Society of Cinematographers (B.S.C.)
  • the Australian Cinematographers Society (A.C.S.)
  • the Cinematographers Lodge of Korea (C.G.K.)
  • the Filipino Society of Cinematographers (F.S.C.)
  • the French Society of Cinematographers (A.F.C.)
  • the Italian Society of Cinematographers (A.I.C.)
  • the Western India Cinematographers Clan (W.I.C.A.)
  • the Indian Social club of Cinematographers (I.S.C.)
  • the German Lodge of Cinematographers (BVK)
  • the Malaysian Gild of Cinematographers (MySC)
  • holland Order of Cinematographers (NSC)
  • the South African Lodge of Cinematographers (S.A.S.C.)
  • the Spanish Society of Cinematography Works (A.East.C)
  • the International Federation of Cinematographers (IMAGO)
  • the Uruguayan Society of Cinematographers (South.C.U)
  • the Lithuanian Clan of Cinematographers (LAC)
  • Cinematographers XX
  • Illuminatrix

The A.S.C. defines cinematography as:

A creative and interpretive process that culminates in the authorship of an original work of fine art rather than the simple recording of a physical event. Cinematography is not a subcategory of photography. Rather, photography is but i craft that the cinematographer uses in addition to other concrete, organizational, managerial, interpretive and paradigm-manipulating techniques to upshot one coherent process.[ii]

Noted cinematographers


The University Award for Best Cinematography is an Academy Award awarded each year to a cinematographer for work on one detail motion picture.

A number of American cinematographers have go directors, including Reed Morano who lensed
Frozen River
and Beyonce’southward
earlier winning an Emmy for directing
The Handmaid’s Tale. Barry Sonnenfeld, originally the Coen brothers’ DP; Jan de Bont, cinematographer on films such as
Die Hard
Basic Instinct, directed
Twister. Nicolas Roeg, cinematographer on films such as
The Caretaker
(1963) and
The Masque of the Crimson Expiry
(1964), directed
Don’t Look Now
(1973) and
The Man Who Fell to World
(1976). Ellen Kuras, ASC photographed
Eternal Sunshine of The Spotless Mind
likewise equally a number of Fasten Lee films such every bit
Summer of Sam
He Got Game
before directing episodes of
In 2022, Wally Pfister, cinematographer on Christopher Nolan’s three
films, made his directorial debut with
whilst British cinematographers Jack Cardiff and Freddie Francis regularly moved betwixt the two positions.

Encounter also


  • 3D motion-picture show
  • Camerimage
  • Cinematography
  • Cinematography Mailing List, a communication forum for cinematographers
  • Filmmaking
  • Glossary of movement picture terms
  • Indian cinematographers
  • List of picture show director and cinematographer collaborations
  • List of moving picture formats
  • List of movement picture show-related topics



  1. ^

    The ASC Vision Commission

  2. ^

    Hora, John (2007). “Anamorphic Cinematography”. In Burum, Stephen H. (ed.).
    The American Cinematographer Transmission
    (9 ed.). ISBN978-0935578317.

External links


  • Cinematography Mailing List (CML)
  • International Cinematographers Guild
  • The History of the Discovery of Cinematography
  • American Gild of Cinematographers
  • The Society of British Photographic camera Technicians
  • British Society of Cinematographers
  • Indian Order of Cinematographers (ISC) Archived 2022-04-06 at the Wayback Car
  • European Federation of Cinematographers/IMAGO
  • Australian Cinematographers Club (ACS)
  • German Society of Cinematography, BVK
  • Italian Order of Cinematography , AIC (Autori Italiani della Cinematografia)
  • Lithuanian Association of Cinematographers, LAC


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