Do I Have An Eye For Photography Quiz

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Bokeh, also known every bit “Boke” is one of the almost popular subjects in photography. The reason why it is so popular, is considering
makes photographs visually highly-seasoned, forcing us to focus our attention on a particular surface area of the image. The give-and-take comes from Japanese linguistic communication, which literally translates as “blur”.

What is Bokeh?

bokeh is the quality of out-of-focus or “blurry” parts of the image
rendered by a photographic camera lens – it is NOT the mistiness itself or the amount of blur in the foreground or the background of a subject field. The blur that you are so used to seeing in photography that separates a subject from the background is the result of shallow “depth of field” and is more often than not merely called “groundwork blur”. The quality and experience of the background/foreground blur and reflected points of light, all the same, is what photographers call Bokeh. Confused still? Take a look at the post-obit prototype:

House Sparrow
NIKON D80 @ 102mm, ISO 100, 1/100, f/ii.viii

The firm sparrow is in focus and sharp (which means that it is within the depth of field), while the background is out of focus (which means that the background is outside the depth of field). The small or “shallow” depth of field is the result of standing relatively shut to the subject, while using a big discontinuity. Run into those round circles of different colors on the left side of the image? Those are light reflections and they are circular because that’s how the lens rendered them. In this case, the soft “feel” of those round areas is what photographers would phone call “good bokeh”. While some photographers contend that bokeh is just about the quality of the round light reflections, many others, including myself, believe that bokeh is almost the quality of the unabridged out-of-focus area, not just reflections and highlights…

Good and Bad Bokeh

Retrieve, bokeh is rendered by the lens, not the camera. Dissimilar lenses return bokeh differently due to unique optical designs. Generally, portrait and telephoto lenses with large maximum apertures yield more pleasant-looking bokeh than cheaper consumer zoom lenses. For case, the Nikon 85mm f/1.4D lens produces exceptionally good-looking bokeh, while the Nikon eighteen-135mm f/3.5-5.6G DX lens produces poor bokeh at the same focal length and aperture – all due to differences in optical designs of both lenses. Again, I am not just talking nigh the background mistiness; all lenses are capable of producing out of focus blur, but not all lenses are capable of rendering cute bokeh.

Then, what is a good or beautiful bokeh? A good bokeh pleases our eyes and our perception of the image and therefore, the groundwork blur should appear soft and “creamy”, with smooth round circles of light and no hard edges. Here is an example of beautiful bokeh rendered by the Nikon 85mm f/1.4D lens:

Creamy Bokeh
NIKON D700 @ 85mm, ISO 250, 1/200, f/two.viii

Pay attention to the polish groundwork behind the child’s face. The out-of-focus areas look creamy and the circles are round and soft with beautiful transitions between the blurry areas. That’southward exactly what you would call skillful bokeh!

How nigh bad or ugly bokeh? Although a lot of people argue that at that place is no such thing every bit a bad bokeh, I all the same call any distracts my eyes “bad”:

Bad Bokeh
NIKON D80 @ 26mm, ISO 100, ane/60, f/iv.0

Open upwards the larger version of the in a higher place image and meet for yourself – the quality of the mistiness is not pleasant to the eye, with precipitous edges of the circles and double lines.

Bokeh Shapes

The shape of the reflected low-cal in out of focus areas depends on the lens diaphragm. Many older lenses such as Nikon 50mm f/1.4D take 7 straight blades in their diaphragms, which results in heptagon-shaped bokeh like this:

Bokeh - 50mm

Near new lenses, now come with nine rounded blades, which return round bokeh (Nikon 105mm f/two.8G VR):

Bokeh - 105mm

How to Get Good Bokeh

And then, how do you go a good bokeh in your images? As I accept pointed out higher up, bokeh depends on the type of lens you lot are using. While lower-end consumer zoom lenses will yield unpleasant bokeh, stock-still (prime) lenses and most professional person zoom lenses with fast apertures yield good-looking bokeh.

Do you know if your lens produces good bokeh? Try this: focus on an object from a very close distance (as close every bit the lens will allow, keeping the object in focus), making sure that there are no objects at to the lowest degree 5-6 anxiety behind it. Make sure to be on the same level as the object itself, and then that you are non looking down on it. Exercise not use a obviously wall as your groundwork – try to detect a colorful groundwork, preferably with some lights on it. A Christmas tree is a perfect background for a bokeh exam.

Once you find a skilful exam subject with a suitable background, gear up your camera to “Aperture Priority” mode and set your aperture to the everyman number. On nearly consumer zoom lenses, the lowest aperture is typically f/three.5, while on prime and professional zoom lenses, it can be between f/1.2 and f/two.8. In one case the discontinuity is set to the lowest value, take a flick of your subject area and take a expect at the rear LCD of your camera. The subject should exist in focus, while the background is blurred. If you have a skilful lens, the bokeh should be soft and fuzzy, looking pleasing to the eye as shown in the example in a higher place. The circular reflections should exist round and soft, with no hard edges.

What Lenses Create Great Bokeh?

There are many lenses that create great-looking bokeh. Most fast prime lenses with round-bract apertures such every bit Nikon 85mm f/1.4G or Catechism 85mm f/1.ii II USM create exceptionally good-looking bokeh. The lower-cost version of the same lens – Nikon 85mm f/1.8G and Canon 85mm f/one.8 USM too produce beautiful bokeh. At that place are too many lenses to listing, so I recommend doing some more enquiry on dissimilar lenses, based on your photography needs.

Other Examples of Bokeh

Here are another examples of great-looking bokeh:

Harris's Hawk in Flight
NIKON D300 @ 300mm, ISO 200, 1/3200, f/4.0
Captured with Nikon 300mm f/4.0 AF-S + TC 14E II
Captured with Nikon 300mm f/4.0 AF-Due south + TC 14E II
Captured with Nikon 105mm f/2.8 Micro
Captured with Nikon 105mm f/ii.8 Micro
Captured with Nikon 70-200mm VR
NIKON D300 @ 280mm, ISO 800, 1/250, f/6.3
Captured with Nikon 300mm f/4.0 AF-S
Captured with Nikon 300mm f/4.0 AF-Southward
Captured with Nikon 24-70mm f/2.8
Captured with Nikon 24-70mm f/2.8


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