In 1963, the Polaroid Corporation introduced the Automatic 100 State Camera (also known equally the Model 100). Named after Polaroid co-founder and genius inventor Edwin Land, the State Cameras would keep to be a successful line of cameras for the company, produced in i form or another until the early on 2000’s.
The Polaroid Automatic 100 in pictures
The Polaroid Automatic 100 Country Camera is a folding camera with a coupled rangefinder focusing machinery. Information technology is designed to accept a 10-exposure pack of instant peel-apart pic (packfilm). When not in use, the camera folds into itself and has a plastic embrace that utilizes a magnetic latch to stay airtight. When the cover is swung downwardly, it can remain on the camera by a swivel mechanism or detach completely. The lens/shutter assembly is pulled forward which extends the bellows and the rangefinder machinery swings up for apply.
The torso of this camera is entirely metal with a standard threaded tripod socket on the base. When fully collapsed with the cover attached, the camera measures approximately four ½ inches tall by seven ½ inches wide by 2 ½ inches in length (approximately 11.4 x 19 x half dozen.3cm). When the bellows are extended the total length of the camera will vary based on focus setting. The bellows are constructed of a vinyl outer later with a fabric inner layer. Ii rings are set into the pinnacle of the torso for the zipper of a conveying strap.
Shutter and lens
The Automatic 100 has a completely electronic shutter with a range of 10 seconds to 1/1200th
of a 2d. Considering of its electronic design, the shutter will not piece of work properly without a battery. The lens is a 114mm f/8.8 glass design.
The photographic camera operates in a kind of aperture priority mode and cannot be operated manually. A “scene selector” machinery adjusts the aperture (two settings) and moving picture speed is set via a wheel on the bottom of the shutter assembly (film speeds of 75, 150, 300, and 3000 ISO are selectable).
Bulb flash is synchronized with the shutter and the flash unit connects via a proprietary connector of the side of the shutter associates. Past using the “lighten/darken” exposure compensation control, the exposure can exist adjusted from -i to +2 stops.
Separate viewfinder-rangefinder mechanisms are combined in the same housing on the top of the camera. The rangefinder (pocket-size window labelled “focus”) is used to focus the photographic camera and the viewfinder window (larger window labelled “view”) is used to frame the shot.
The viewfinder window automatically compensates for parallax and the entire focusing assembly is coupled to the camera. Additionally, a small pictogram is present on the focusing lever if you prefer to apply zone focusing. You’ll see a person, a couple and a landscape.
Using the Photographic camera
Polaroid took actress care to make this photographic camera easy to use for the novice photographer. Each “stride” of taking a picture is numbered on the camera itself. There are 4 steps in total (which assume starting from a point where the flick is loaded and the shutter is already cocked).
- Outset, focus the camera looking through the rangefinder window and using the labeled (i) focusing mechanism.
- 2nd, slowly press the shutter button (2).
- 3rd, afterward tripping the shutter, push down on the (three) push button to reset the shutter (multiple exposures are possible by resetting the shutter and tripping it again).
- Finally, pull the small white tab from the right side of the camera (4) and so smoothly pull out the larger tab that follows.
As you lot pull the larger tab out of the photographic camera the film is pulled through rollers within of the photographic camera. The rollers interruption the small pods total of developer and reagent attached to every negative. This chemical mixture coats the negative and paper, and after the advisable amount of time is spent in development, the print is peeled apart from the negative for a fully developed photo.
With some types of color and black and white packfilm the negative can exist kept and after handling, further prints tin be fabricated from it using a more traditional printmaking procedure (run across below). Usually, the paper pull-tab and negative are just thrown abroad (Polaroid encouraged users non to be litterbugs).
Polaroid produced a number of accessories to work with the Automatic 100 and other cameras in the 100, 200, and 300 lines. The ones shown here are what came with the accompaniment set I purchased years agone. Accessory model numbers are also listed with each accessory. Other accessories are also available which are variations of the ones shown here or are specific to certain Land Camera models.
The #268 flash unit was the standard flash accompaniment for nearly all of the folding Polaroid packfilm cameras. It clips on to the top left of the photographic camera and connects to the shutter assembly using a proprietary connector that is based on the common Prontor-Compur (PC) connector.
The flash accepts M3 flashbulbs and is powered by a single AA-battery. The wink caput swivels, assuasive you to utilize bounce flash without having to disconnect the flash unit and point it by paw. The Automatic 100 is designed to employ flashbulbs and an electronic flash cannot be used with the camera unless the camera is modified to work with one. This is because the camera shutter is designed to synchronize with flashbulbs, which ignite slightly ahead of the shutter opening. If an electronic flash were used, information technology would fire prior to the shutter opening and exit you with an underexposed photograph.
On the topic of flashbulbs (From my Mamiya Super 23/Universal Printing review):
“For those unfamiliar with the difference betwixt electronic wink and flashbulbs, an Cyberspace search can hands provide you with a detailed explanation on both. In general, modern electronic flash units use a minor tube filled with a gas. When a high voltage current is passed through the tube, the gas ionizes and produces a brilliant flash of light. The total low-cal output is variable and the flash unit is reusable, meaning information technology can be flashed over and again.
“Flashbulbs, by comparison, only have one output, total. They produce their light by burning foil or thin wire crammed within of a glass bulb. They can be used only one time earlier needing to be replaced past a new seedling. They burn quite brightly for their size and being on the receiving end of an ignited flashbulb upwardly close is kind of like looking at the sun. You will exist seeing a spot in your vision for a while subsequently.
“For tasks which many current-day photographers would use a photographic camera with flash to accomplish, an electronic wink unit is more versatile and toll-effective than using i-time-use flashbulbs that can exist difficult and expensive to source. However, if y’all want to dump a ton (scientific measurements here) of light at something, a flashbulb is the style to go.”
A blue-tinted wink shield is attached to the front of the reflector. Information technology has the dual function of preventing pieces of an exploding flashbulb from flying out of the flash at your bailiwick and also to right the color of the low-cal coming from the flashbulb when using color film. For this reason it is non recommended to use M3B flash bulbs which are blueish coated, unless you are trying to achieve a specific creative/artistic consequence.
” data-medium-file=”https://emulsive.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/KW-Polaroid-Automatic100-9-300×200.jpg” data-large-file=”https://emulsive.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/KW-Polaroid-Automatic100-9-1024×683.jpg” loading=”lazy” width=”1024″ height=”683″ src=”https://emulsive.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/KW-Polaroid-Automatic100-9-1024×683.jpg” alt=”Automatic 100 with cable release and Polaroid #516 Cloud Filter” data-id=”55641″ data-link=”https://emulsive.org/kw-polaroid-automatic100-9″ class=”wp-image-55641″ srcset=”https://emulsive.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/KW-Polaroid-Automatic100-9-1024×683.jpg 1024w, https://emulsive.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/KW-Polaroid-Automatic100-9-300×200.jpg 300w, https://emulsive.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/KW-Polaroid-Automatic100-9-150×100.jpg 150w, https://emulsive.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/KW-Polaroid-Automatic100-9-768×512.jpg 768w, https://emulsive.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/KW-Polaroid-Automatic100-9-1200×800.jpg 1200w, https://emulsive.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/KW-Polaroid-Automatic100-9-400×267.jpg 400w, https://emulsive.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/KW-Polaroid-Automatic100-9.jpg 1500w” sizes=”(max-width: 1024px) 100vw, 1024px” data-lazy-srcset=”https://emulsive.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/KW-Polaroid-Automatic100-9-1024×683.jpg 1024w, https://emulsive.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/KW-Polaroid-Automatic100-9-300×200.jpg 300w, https://emulsive.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/KW-Polaroid-Automatic100-9-150×100.jpg 150w, https://emulsive.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/KW-Polaroid-Automatic100-9-768×512.jpg 768w, https://emulsive.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/KW-Polaroid-Automatic100-9-1200×800.jpg 1200w, https://emulsive.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/KW-Polaroid-Automatic100-9-400×267.jpg 400w, https://emulsive.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/KW-Polaroid-Automatic100-9.jpg 1500w” data-lazy-src=”https://emulsive.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/KW-Polaroid-Automatic100-9-1024×683.jpg?is-pending-load=1″ data-old-srcset=”data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP///yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7″>
For long exposures, the #191 Cable Release is a more suitable choice. Similar to the cocky-timer, it friction fits over the shutter button. It isn’t very long and so it is not a good option for remote shooting. It also has a lock mechanism that keeps the push depressed so it isn’t necessary to agree the release for the entire duration of the exposure.
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