Former Competitor Of Nikon And Canon

By | 25/11/2022

Japanese multinational corporation that specializes in optics

Nikon Corporation

Native proper name


株式会社ニコン

Romanized name

Kabushiki-gaisha Nikon
Type Public

Traded as

TYO: 7731
Industry Consumer electronics
Founded July 25, 1917; 105 years ago
 (1917-07-25)

Tokyo Metropolis, Empire of Nihon
Headquarters Minato, Tokyo, Japan

Area served

Worldwide

Key people

  • Makoto Kimura
    (Chairman)
  • Kazuo Ushida
    (President)
Products Even so cameras, SLR cameras, DSLR cameras, binoculars / monoculars, binocular telescope, laser rangefinder, field microscopy, precision equipment, microscopes, riflescopes, surveying equipment, regenerative medicine solutions, fabric processing equipment, ophthalmic lenses and many instrumental products
Revenue Decrease
¥519.0 billion
(FY2020)[i]

Operating income

Decrease
¥6.8 billion
(FY2020)[2]

Net income

Decrease
¥(12.0) billion
(FY2020)[2]

Number of employees

20,190 (March 31, 2020)[two]
Website world wide web.nikon.com

Nikon Corporation

(
株式会社ニコン
,

Kabushiki-gaisha Nikon
)

(, ;
Japanese:
[ɲiꜜkoɴ]
(



listen

)
), also known just equally
Nikon, is a Japanese multinational corporation headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, specializing in eyes and imaging products. The companies held by Nikon class the
Nikon Group.[3]

Westward Building of Nikon in Nishi-Ōi, Tokyo

Nikon’s products include cameras, camera lenses, binoculars, microscopes, ophthalmic lenses, measurement instruments, rifle scopes, spotting scopes, and the steppers used in the photolithography steps of semiconductor fabrication, of which it is the globe’s second largest manufacturer.[iv]
The company is the eighth-largest chip equipment maker as reported in 2017.[5]
Also, it has diversified into new areas like 3D printing and regenerative medicine to compensate for the shrinking digital camera market.[6]
[7]
[8]
[nine]

Amidst Nikon’s many notable product lines are Nikkor imaging lenses (for F-mountain cameras, large format photography, photographic enlargers, and other applications), the Nikon F-series of 35 mm film SLR cameras, the Nikon D-serial of digital SLR cameras, the Nikon Z-series of digital mirrorless cameras, the Coolpix series of meaty digital cameras, and the Nikonos series of underwater picture show cameras. Nikon’s main competitors in camera and lens manufacturing include Canon, Sony, Fujifilm, Panasonic, Pentax, and Olympus.

Founded on July 25, 1917 as
Nippon Kōgaku Kōgyō Kabushikigaisha
(
日本光学工業株式会社

Japan Optical Industries Co., Ltd.“), the visitor was renamed to Nikon Corporation, later on its cameras, in 1988. Nikon is a member of the Mitsubishi group of companies (keiretsu).[10]

History

[edit]

Nikon Corporation was established on 25 July 1917 when three leading optical manufacturers merged to form a comprehensive, fully integrated optical company known equally Nippon Kōgaku Tōkyō K.K. Over the next sixty years, this growing company became a manufacturer of optical lenses (including those for the starting time Canon cameras) and equipment used in cameras, binoculars, microscopes and inspection equipment. During World War II the company operated thirty factories with ii,000 employees, manufacturing binoculars, lenses, bomb sights, and periscopes for the Japanese military.

Reception exterior Japan

[edit]

After the war Nippon Kōgaku reverted to producing its civilian product range in a unmarried factory. In 1948, the first Nikon-branded camera was released, the Nikon I.[xi]
Nikon lenses were popularised past the American photojournalist David Douglas Duncan. Duncan was working in Tokyo when the Korean War began. Duncan had met a immature Japanese lensman, Jun Miki, who introduced Duncan to Nikon lenses. From July 1950 to January 1951, Duncan covered the Korean War.[12]
Plumbing fixtures Nikon optics (especially the NIKKOR-P.C 1:ii f=viii,5 cm)[13]
to his Leica rangefinder cameras produced high contrast negatives with very sharp resolution at the middle field.[14]

Names and brands

[edit]

Nikko
parent visitor brand, from which the
Nikkor
brand evolved.

Founded in 1917 equally
Nippon Kōgaku Kōgyō Kabushikigaisha
(
日本光学工業株式会社

“Japan Optical Industries Corporation”), the company was renamed
Nikon Corporation, afterwards its cameras, in 1988. The proper name
Nikon, which dates from 1946, was originally intended merely for its small-photographic camera line, spelled equally “Nikkon”, with an addition of the “n” to the “Nikko” brand name.[fifteen]
The similarity to the Carl Zeiss AG brand “ikon”, would cause some early problems in Germany as Zeiss complained that Nikon violated its trademarked camera. From 1963 to 1968 the Nikon F in particular was therefore labeled ‘Nikkor’.[xvi]

The
Nikkor
make was introduced in 1932, a westernised rendering of an earlier version
Nikkō
(
日光
), an abbreviation of the company’s original full name[17]
(Nikkō
also means “sunlight” and is the name of a famous Japanese onsen town.).
Nikkor
is the Nikon brand name for its lenses.

Another early brand used on microscopes was
Joico,[eighteen]
an abbreviation of “Nihon Optical Industries Co”.[
citation needed
]

Expeed is the brand Nikon uses for its image processors since 2007.

Ascension of the Nikon F serial

[edit]

The Nikon SP and other 1950s and 1960s rangefinder cameras competed directly with models from Leica and Zeiss. However, the company chop-chop ceased developing its rangefinder line to focus its efforts on the Nikon F single-lens reflex line of cameras, which was successful[19]
upon its introduction in 1959. For nearly 30 years, Nikon’due south F-series SLRs were the most widely used pocket-size-format cameras among professional photographers[
commendation needed
]
, as well every bit past some U.Southward. space programme, the first in 1971 on Apollo 15 (as lighter and smaller alternative to the Hasselblad, used in the Mercury, Gemini and Apollo programs, 12 of which are still on the Moon) and later on once in 1973 on the Skylab and afterwards over again on it in 1981.

Nikon popularized many features in professional SLR photography[
citation needed
]
, such every bit the modular camera organization with interchangeable lenses, viewfinders, motor drives, and data backs; integrated light metering and lens indexing; electronic strobe flashguns instead of expendable flashbulbs; electronic shutter control; evaluative multi-zone “matrix” metering; and congenital-in motorized film advance. However, as car focus SLRs became available from Minolta and others in the mid-1980s, Nikon’s line of manual-focus cameras began to seem out of date[
citation needed
]
.

Despite introducing one of the outset autofocus models, the slow and bulky F3AF, the company’s determination to maintain lens compatibility with its F-mount prevented rapid advances in autofocus technology. Catechism introduced a new blazon of lens-camera interface with its entirely electronic Canon EOS cameras and Canon EF lens mountain in 1987. The much faster lens performance permitted past Canon’south electronic focusing and aperture control prompted many professional person photographers (especially in sports and news) to switch to the Catechism organization through the 1990s.[20]

Post-millenium moving picture camera product

[edit]

Once Nikon introduced affordable consumer-level DSLRs such as the Nikon D70 in the mid-2000s, sales of its consumer and professional person motion-picture show cameras fell rapidly, following the general trend in the manufacture. In January 2006, Nikon announced it would stop making about of its film camera models and all of its big format lenses, and focus on digital models.[21]

Nevertheless, Nikon remained the simply[
citation needed
]

major camera manufacturer still making film SLR cameras for a long time. The loftier-end Nikon F6 and the entry-level FM10[21]
remained in product all the mode upward until October 2020.[22]

Digital photography

[edit]

Digital single-lens reflex and indicate and shoot cameras

[edit]

Nikon created some of the get-go digital SLRs (DSLRs, Nikon NASA F4) for NASA, used in the Space Shuttle since 1991.[23]
After a 1990s partnership with Kodak to produce digital SLR cameras based on existing Nikon film bodies, Nikon released the Nikon D1 SLR under its own name in 1999. Although it used an APS-C-size lite sensor merely 2/3 the size of a 35 mm film frame (after called a “DX sensor”), the D1 was amongst the get-go digital cameras to have sufficient epitome quality and a low plenty toll for some professionals (particularly photojournalists and sports photographers) to apply it as a replacement for a film SLR. The company as well has a Coolpix line which grew as consumer digital photography became increasingly prevalent through the early 2000s. Nikon too never made any phones.

Through the mid-2000s, Nikon’s line of professional and enthusiast DSLRs and lenses including their back compatible AF-S lens line remained in second place behind Canon in SLR camera sales, and Catechism had several years’ lead in producing professional DSLRs with light sensors as large every bit traditional 35 mm picture show frames.[24]
All Nikon DSLRs from 1999 to 2007, by contrast, used the smaller DX size sensor.

Then, 2005 management changes at Nikon led to new camera designs such as the full-frame Nikon D3 in late 2007, the Nikon D700 a few months afterward, and mid-range SLRs. Nikon regained much of its reputation among professional and amateur enthusiast photographers as a leading innovator in the field, especially because of the speed, ergonomics, and depression-calorie-free performance of its latest models.[25]
[
unreliable source?
]

The mid-range Nikon D90, introduced in 2008, was likewise the commencement SLR camera to record video.[26]
[27]
Since and then video mode has been introduced to many more of the Nikon and non-Nikon DSLR cameras including the Nikon D3S, Nikon D3100, Nikon D3200, Nikon D5100, and Nikon D7000.[28]
[29]
[30]
[31]
[32]

More than recently, Nikon has released a photograph and video editing suite called
ViewNX
to browse, edit, merge and share images and videos.[33]
[34]
[35]
Despite the market growth of Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Cameras, Nikon did non fail their F-mount Single Lens Reflex cameras and accept released some professional DSLRs similar the D780,[36]
or the D6[37]
in 2020.

Mirrorless interchangeable-lens cameras

[edit]

In reaction to the growing market for Mirrorless cameras, Nikon released their first Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Cameras and also a new lens mount in 2011. The lens mount was called Nikon 1, and the first bodies in information technology were the Nikon 1 J1 and the V1. The system was congenital around a i inch (or CX) format image sensor, with a 2.7x crop factor. This format was pretty modest compared to their competitors. This resulted in a loss of image quality, dynamic range and fewer possibilities for restricting depth of field depth of field range. In 2018, Nikon officially discontinued the 1 series, after three years without a new camera body.[38]
(The concluding one was the Nikon 1 J5).

Likewise in 2018, Nikon introduced a new mirrorless system in their lineup: the Nikon Z system. The first cameras in the series were the Z 6 and the Z 7, both with a Total Frame (FX) sensor format, In-Body Epitome Stabilization and a congenital-in electronic viewfinder. The Z-mount is non but for FX cameras though, every bit in 2019 Nikon introduced the Z l with a DX format sensor, without IBIS merely with the compatibility to every Z-mount lens. The treatment, the ergonomics and the button layout are similar to the Nikon DSLR cameras, which is friendly for those who are switching from them. This shows that Nikon is putting their focus more than on their MILC line.

In 2020 Nikon updated both the Z 6 and the Z seven. The updated models are called the Z 6 II and the Z 7 Ii. The improvements over the original models include the new EXPEED six processor, an added card slot, improved video and AF features, higher burst rates, battery grip support and USB-C power delivery.[39]

In 2021, Nikon released 2 mirrorless cameras, the Z fc and the Z 9. The Nikon Z fc is the 2nd Z-series APS-C (DX) mirrorless camera in the line up, designed to evoke the visitor’s famous FM2 SLR from the ’80s. It offers manual controls, including dedicated dials for shutter speed, exposure bounty and ISO.[40]
The Z 9 became Nikon’s new flagship product succeeding the D6, marking the start of a new era of Nikon cameras. It includes a 46 megapixel Full Frame (FX) format stacked CMOS sensor which is stabilized and has a very fast readout speed, making the mechanical shutter not only unneeded, but also absent-minded from the camera. Along with the sensor, the 3.7 million dot, 760 nit EVF, the thirty fps continuous flare-up at full resolution with a buffer of 1000+ compressed raw photos, 4K 120 fps ProRes internal recording, the 8K thirty fps internal recording and the 120 hz subject field recognition AF system make it one of the nearly advanced cameras on the marketplace with its main rivals existence the Canon EOS R3 and the Sony α1.[41]
(As of February 2022)

Movie camera product

[edit]

Although few models were introduced, Nikon made film cameras as well. The R10 and R8 SUPER ZOOM Super eight models (introduced in 1973) were the peak of the line and last endeavour for the apprentice moving-picture show field. The cameras had a special gate and claw organisation to improve image steadiness and overcome a major drawback of Super 8 cartridge design. The R10 model has a high speed 10X macro zoom lens.

Contrary to other brands, Nikon never attempted to offer projectors or their accessories.

Thai operations

[edit]

Nikon has shifted much of its manufacturing facilities to Thailand, with some production (particularly of Coolpix cameras and some low-end lenses) in Indonesia. The company constructed a factory in Ayuthaya north of Bangkok in Thailand in 1991. By 2000, it had 2,000 employees. Steady growth over the next few years and an increment of floor space from the original xix,400 square meters (209,000 foursquare feet) to 46,200 square meters (497,000 square feet) enabled the factory to produce a wider range of Nikon products. By 2004, it had more than than 8,000 workers.

The range of the products produced at Nikon Thailand include plastic molding, optical parts, painting, printing, metal processing, plating, spherical lens process, aspherical lens process, prism process, electrical and electronic mounting process, silent wave motor and autofocus unit production.

Every bit of 2009, all of Nikon’due south Nikon DX format DSLR cameras and the D600, a prosumer FX camera, are produced in Thailand, while their professional person and semi-professional Nikon FX format (full frame) cameras (D700, D3, D3S, D3X, D4, D800 and the retro-styled Df) are congenital in Nippon, in the metropolis of Sendai. The Thai facility as well produces nigh of Nikon’s digital “DX” zoom lenses, every bit well as numerous other lenses in the Nikkor line.

Nikon-Essilor Co. Ltd.

[edit]

In 1999, Nikon and Essilor have signed a Memorandum of understanding to grade a global strategic brotherhood in corrective lenses by forming a l/fifty articulation venture in Japan to exist called Nikon-Essilor Co. Ltd.

The main purpose of the joint venture is to farther strengthen the cosmetic lens concern of both companies. This will exist accomplished through the integrated strengths of Nikon’s strong brand backed up by avant-garde optical applied science and strong sales network in Japanese market, coupled with the high productivity and worldwide marketing and sales network of Essilor, the globe leader in this industry.[42]

Nikon-Essilor Co. Ltd. started its business concern in January 2000, responsible for research, development, production and sales mainly for ophthalmic eyes.[43]

Recent development

[edit]

Revenue from Nikon’s photographic camera concern has dropped 30% in iii years prior to financial 2015.[44]
In 2013, it forecast the offset drop in sales from interchangeable lens cameras since Nikon’s first digital SLR in 1999.[45]
The company’south net profit has fallen from a elevation of
¥75.4 billion (financial 2007) to
¥18.2 billion for financial 2015.[44]
Nikon plans to reassign over 1,500 employees resulting in job cuts of 1,000, mainly in semiconductor lithography and photographic camera business, by 2017 as the visitor shifts focus to medical and industrial devices business for growth.[46]
[44]
[47]

Moving-picture show cameras

[edit]

In Jan 2006 Nikon announced the discontinuation of all merely two models of its film cameras, focusing its efforts on the digital camera market.[48]
It continues to sell the fully manual FM10, and still offers the loftier-terminate fully automatic F6.[49]
[50]
Nikon has as well committed to service all the film cameras for a period of ten years after production ceases.[51]

Nikon F2SB SLR camera with DP-3 finder and GN Motorcar Nikkor 1:2,8 f=45mm lens

Nikon F3 Giugiaro Camera Design

Nikon F4 F4s Giugiaro Design

Moving-picture show 35 mm SLR cameras with manual focus

[edit]


Loftier-stop (Professional – Intended for professional utilize, heavy duty and atmospheric condition resistance)

  • Nikon F series (1959, known in Germany for legal reasons as the
    Nikkor F)
  • Nikon F2 series (1971)
  • Nikon F3 series (1980)


Midrange

  • Nikkorex series (1960)
  • Nikkormat F serial (1965, known in Japan equally the Nikomat F series)
  • Nikon FM (1977)
  • Nikon FM2 series (1982)
  • Nikon FM10 (1995)


Midrange with electronic features

  • Nikkormat EL series (1972, known in Japan as the Nikomat EL series)
  • Nikon EL2 (1977)
  • Nikon Atomic number 26 (1978)
  • Nikon FE2 (1983)
  • Nikon FA (1983)
  • Nikon F-601M (1990, known in Northward America every bit the N6000)
  • Nikon FE10 (1996)
  • Nikon FM3A (2001)


Entry-level (Consumer)

  • Nikon EM (1979)
  • Nikon FG (1982)
  • Nikon FG-20 (1984)
  • Nikon F-301 (1985, known in North America as the N2000)


Film APS SLR cameras


[edit]

  • Nikon Pronea 600i / Pronea 6i (1996)[52]
  • Nikon Pronea S (1997)[53]

Picture 35 mm SLR cameras with autofocus

[edit]

Nikon AC-2E Data Link Organisation (1993)

Loftier-finish (Professional person – Intended for professional use, heavy duty and weather resistance)

  • Nikon F3AF (1983, modified F3 body with Autofocus Finder DX-i)
  • Nikon F4 (1988) – (World’south get-go professional auto-focus SLR camera and world’s get-go professional person SLR camera with a built-in motor drive)
  • Nikonos RS (1992) (Professional when reviewed in underwater conditions) – (Earth’s first underwater auto-focus SLR camera)[54]
  • Nikon F5 (1996)
  • Nikon F6 (2004)

High-cease (Prosumer – Intended for pro-consumers who want the chief mechanic/electronic features of the professional line but don’t demand the aforementioned heavy duty/weather resistance)

  • Nikon F-501 (1986, known in North America as the N2020)
  • Nikon F-801 (1988, known in the U.S. every bit the N8008)
  • Nikon F-801S (1991, known in the U.Due south. every bit the N8008S)
  • Nikon F90 (1992, known in the U.S. every bit the N90)
  • Nikon F90X (1994, known in the U.S. every bit the N90S)
  • Nikon F80 (2000, known in the U.S. as the N80)
  • Nikon F100 (1999)

Mid-range (Consumer)

  • Nikon F-601 (1990, known in the U.S. equally the N6006)
  • Nikon F70 (1994, known in the U.S. equally the N70)
  • Nikon F75 (2003, known in the U.Due south. as the N75)

Entry-level (Consumer)

  • Nikon F-401 (1987, known in the U.S. as the N4004)
  • Nikon F-401S (1989, known in the U.Southward. as the N4004S)
  • Nikon F-401X (1991, known in the U.S. as the N5005)
  • Nikon F50 (1994, known in the U.S. equally the N50)
  • Nikon F60 (1999, known in the U.South. as the N60)
  • Nikon F65 (2000, known in the U.Southward. as the N65)
  • Nikon F55 (2002, known in the U.S. as the N55)

Professional Rangefinder cameras

[edit]

  • Nikon I (1948)[55]
  • Nikon M (1949)[56]
  • Nikon S (1951)[57]
  • Nikon S2 (1954)[58]
  • Nikon SP (1957)[59]
  • Nikon S3 (1958)[60]
  • Nikon S4 (1959) (entry-level)[61]
  • Nikon S3M (1960)[62]
  • Nikon S3 2000 (2000)[63]
  • Nikon SP Limited Edition (2005)[64]

Compact cameras

[edit]

Between 1983 and the early 2000s[65]
a wide range of meaty cameras were fabricated by Nikon. Nikon offset started past naming the cameras with a serial name (like the L35/L135-series, the RF/RD-series, the W35-series, the EF or the AW-series). In subsequently production cycles, the cameras were double branded with a serial-name on the i and a sales proper name on the other hand. Sales names were for example
Zoom-Touch
for cameras with a broad zoom range,
Calorie-free-Touch
for ultra meaty models,
Fun-Touch
for easy to use cameras and
Sport-Touch
for splash water resistance. Afterward the late 1990s, Nikon dropped the series names and continued only with the sales name. Nikon’s APS-cameras were all named
Nuvis.

The cameras came in all cost ranges from entry-level fixed-lens-cameras to the pinnacle model Nikon 35Ti and 28Ti with titanium body and 3D-Matrix-Metering.

Moving picture cameras

[edit]

Double 8 (8mm)
  • NIKKOREX 8 (1960)
  • NIKKOREX 8F (1963)
Super eight
  • Nikon Super Zoom 8 (1966)
  • Nikon 8X Super Zoom (1967)
  • Nikon R8 Super Zoom (1973)
  • Nikon R10 Super Zoom (1973)

Professional person Underwater cameras

[edit]

  • Nikonos I Calypso (1963, originally known in French republic as the Calypso/Nikkor)
  • Nikonos II (1968)
  • Nikonos 3 (1975)
  • Nikonos IV-A (1980)
  • Nikonos V (1984)
  • Nikonos RS (1992)[66]
    (Earth’s kickoff underwater Machine-Focus SLR camera)[54]

Digital cameras

[edit]

Nikon’s raw epitome format is
NEF, for Nikon Electronic File. The “DSCN” prefix for epitome files stands for “Digital Still Camera – Nikon.”

Digital compact cameras

[edit]

The Nikon Coolpix series are digital compact cameras produced in many variants: Superzoom, bridge, travel-zoom, miniature meaty and waterproof/rugged cameras. The peak compact cameras are several “Performance” serial indicated by a “P…”.

Larger sensor compact cameras

[edit]

Coolpix serial since 2008 listed.

  • Nikon Coolpix P6000, 2008-08-07 (CCD, 14 megapixels, 4x zoom)
  • Nikon Coolpix P7000, 2010-09-08 (CCD, 10.1 megapixels, 7x zoom)
  • Nikon Coolpix P7100, 2011-08-24 (roughly same specifications equally predecessor)
  • Nikon Coolpix P7700
  • Nikon Coolpix A, 2013-03-05 (16MP DX-CMOS sensor)
  • Nikon Coolpix A900
  • Nikon Coolpix P7800

Nikon Coolpix P310 digital meaty camera

Lite-weight fast lens meaty cameras

[edit]

  • Nikon Coolpix P300
  • Nikon Coolpix P310
  • Nikon Coolpix P330
  • Nikon Coolpix P340

Bridge cameras

[edit]

  • Nikon Coolpix L810, Feb, 2012–16 MP, 26x optical zoom, no wi-fi, fixed LCD, ISO 80–1600
  • Nikon Coolpix L820, January, 2013–16 MP, 30x optical zoom, no wi-fi, fixed LCD, ISO 125-3200
  • Nikon Coolpix L830, Jan, 2014–sixteen MP, 34x optical zoom with 68x Dynamic Fine Zoom, no wi-fi, tilting LCD, ISO 125-1600 (3200 in Auto)
  • Nikon Coolpix L840 Feb, 2015–16 MP, 38x optical zoom with 76x Dynamic Fine Zoom, congenital-in Wi-Fi and NFC (Near Field Advice), 3 inch high-resolution tilting LCD, ISO 125 – 1600

ISO 3200, 6400 (available when using Motorcar mode)

  • Nikon Coolpix P500, Feb, 2011–12.i MP, 36x optical zoom, tilt LCD, ISO 160–3200
  • Nikon Coolpix P510, Feb, 2012–xvi.one MP, 41.7x optical zoom (24–1000mm), no wi-fi, vari-angle LCD, ISO 100–3200
  • Nikon Coolpix P520, January, 2013–18.ane MP, 42x optical zoom, optional wi-fi, vari-angle LCD, ISO 80–3200
  • Nikon Coolpix P530, Feb, 2014–sixteen.1 MP, 42x optical zoom & 84x Dynamic Fine Zoom, opt wi-fi, stock-still LCD, ISO 100–1600 (ISO 3200, 6400 in PASM style)
  • Nikon Coolpix P600, Feb, 2014–sixteen.ane MP, 60x optical zoom and 120 Dynamic Fine Zoom, congenital in wi-fi, vari-bending LCD, ISO 100–1600 (ISO 3200, 6400 in PASM mode)

Nikon one V1 with lenses and flash SB-N5, GPS GP-N100 and microphone ME-1

  • Nikon Coolpix P610
  • Nikon Coolpix B500, February, 2016-16 MP, 40x optical zoom, tilt LCD, ISO 160–6400
  • Nikon Coolpix P900
  • Nikon Coolpix P950
  • Nikon Coolpix P1000

Mirrorless interchangeable-lens cameras

[edit]

Nikon Z serial – Nikon Z-mount lenses

  • Nikon Z seven, FX/Full Frame sensor, August 23, 2018
  • Nikon Z half-dozen, FX/Full Frame sensor, August 23, 2018
  • Nikon Z 50, DX/APS-C sensor, October x, 2019
  • Nikon Z 5, FX/Total Frame sensor, July 21, 2020
  • Nikon Z 6II, FX/Full Frame sensor, Oct xiv, 2020
  • Nikon Z 7II, FX/Total Frame sensor, October 14, 2020
  • Nikon Z fc, DX/APS-C sensor, July 2021
  • Nikon Z 9, FX/Full Frame sensor, October 28, 2021

Nikon 1 serial – CX sensor, Nikon 1 mount lenses

  • Nikon 1 J1, September 21, 2011, : 10 MP
  • Nikon 1 V1, September 21, 2011, : 10 MP[67]
  • Nikon one J2, August 10, 2012, : 10 MP
  • Nikon 1 V2,[68]
    Oct 24, 2012, : 14 MP
  • Nikon one J3, January 8, 2013, : fourteen MP
  • Nikon one S1, January 8, 2013, : ten MP
  • Nikon 1 AW1, : xiv MP
  • Nikon 1 V3, : 18 MP, tilt LCD
  • Nikon 1 J4, : 18 MP
  • Nikon 1 J5, : 20 MP

Nikon D3 full frame DSLR torso

Nikon D4 total frame DSLR body

Digital single lens reflex cameras

[edit]

Nikon D600 body, dorsum view

High-cease (Professional – Intended for professional employ, heavy duty and atmospheric condition resistance)

  • Nikon D1, DX sensor, June 15, 1999 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D1X, DX sensor, February 5, 2001 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D1H, DX sensor, high speed, Feb 5, 2001 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D2H, DX sensor, loftier speed, July 22, 2003 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D2X, DX sensor, September 16, 2004 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D2HS, DX sensor, high speed, Feb 16, 2005 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D2XS, DX sensor, June 1, 2006 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D3, FX/Full Frame sensor, August 23, 2007 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D3X, FX/Full Frame sensor, December i, 2008 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D3S, FX/Full Frame sensor, October 14, 2009 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D4, FX/Total Frame sensor, January 6, 2012 – Discontinued[69]
  • Nikon D4S, FX/Full Frame sensor, February 25, 2014 – Discontinued (In U.s.A. merely)
  • Nikon D5, FX/Full Frame sensor, Jan five, 2016
  • Nikon D6, FX/Total Frame sensor, Feb 12, 2020

D700 with AF-South 24-85mm f/3.5-4.5G

High-terminate (Prosumer – Intended for pro-consumers who want the principal mechanical/weather condition resistance and electronic features of the professional person line but don’t need the aforementioned heavy duty)

  • Nikon D100, DX sensor, February 21, 2002 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D200, DX sensor, November 1, 2005 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D300, DX sensor, August 23, 2007 – Discontinued[70]
  • Nikon D300S, DX sensor, July 30, 2009 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D700, FX/Full Frame sensor, July 1, 2008 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D800, FX/Full Frame sensor, February vii, 2012 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D800E, FX/Total Frame sensor, April 2012 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D600, FX/Total Frame sensor, September xiii, 2012 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D610, FX/Full Frame sensor, October 2013
  • Nikon Df, FX/Full Frame sensor, November 2013
  • Nikon D810, FX/Total Frame sensor, June 2014
  • Nikon D750, FX/Full Frame sensor, September 11, 2014[71]
  • Nikon D810, FX/Full Frame Sensor, February 2015
  • Nikon D500, DX sensor, Jan 5, 2016
  • Nikon D850, FX/Total Frame sensor, appear July 25, 2017[72]
  • Nikon D780, FX/Full Frame sensor, January 7, 2020[73]

Midrange and professional usage cameras with DX sensor

  • Nikon D70, January 28, 2004 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D70S, Apr 20, 2005 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D80, August ix, 2006 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D90, August 27, 2008[74]
    – Discontinued
  • Nikon D7000, September fifteen, 2010 – Discontinued[75]
  • Nikon D7100, February 21, 2013[76]
    – Discontinued ( In U.S.A. only )[77]
    [78]
  • Nikon D7200, March 2, 2015[79]
  • Nikon D7500, April 12, 2017[80]

Upper-entry-level (Consumer) – DX sensor

Along with the D750 and D500 higher up, these are the but Nikon DSLR’south with the articulated (tilt-and-swivel) display.

  • Nikon D5000, April xiv, 2009 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D5100, April 5, 2011 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D5200, November half-dozen, 2012 Discontinued[81]
  • Nikon D5300, Oct 17, 2013
  • Nikon D5500, January 5, 2015 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D5600, November ten, 2016

Entry-level (Consumer) – DX sensor

  • Nikon D50, April 20, 2005 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D40, November 16, 2006 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D40X, March 6, 2007 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D60, January 29, 2008 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D3000, July 30, 2009 – Discontinued
  • Nikon D3100, August nineteen, 2010 – Discontinued[82]
  • Nikon D3200, April nineteen, 2012 – Discontinued[81]
  • Nikon D3300, January 7, 2014 – Discontinued (In U.South.A. but)[83]
    [78]
  • Nikon D3400, August 17, 2016[84]
    – Discontinued
  • Nikon D3500, Baronial 3, 2018[85]

Nikon AF-S Nikkor lxx-200mm F2.8G ED VR II lens and AF-S Nikkor 85mm F1.4G lens with lens hoods

Photograph eyes

[edit]

Lenses for Nikon Z-mount

[edit]

Nikon introduced the Z-mount in 2018 for their system of digital total-frame and APS-C (DX) mirrorless cameras.

Lenses for F-mount cameras

[edit]

The Nikon F-mount is a type of interchangeable lens mount developed by Nikon for its 35 mm Single-lens reflex cameras. The F-mount was kickoff introduced on the Nikon F camera in 1959.

  • Run across Nikon F-mountain → Nikkor
  • Lenses with integrated motors: Listing of Nikon F-mount lenses with integrated autofocus motors

Other lenses for photography and imaging

[edit]

Electronic flash units

[edit]

Nikon uses the term
Speedlight
for its electronic flashes. Contempo models include the SB-R200, SB-300, SB-400, SB-600, SB-700, SB-800, SB-900, SB-910, SB-5000 and R1C1.

Film scanners

[edit]

Nikon’southward digital capture line also includes a successful range of defended scanners for a variety of formats, including Avant-garde Photo System (IX240), 35 mm, and 60 mm movie.

  • (1988) LS-3500 (4096×6144, 4000 dpi, 30 $.25 per pixel) HP-IB (requires a third-party NuBus card; intended for Mac platforms, for which there is a Photoshop plug-in).[86]
  • (1992) Coolscan LS-10 (2700 dpi) SCSI. Get-go to be named “Coolscan” to denote LED illumination.[87]
  • (1994) LS-3510AF (4096×6144, 4000 dpi, 30 $.25 per pixel) Auto-focus SCSI (usually employed on Mac platforms with a Photoshop plug-in; TWAIN is available for PC platforms).[88]
  • (1995) LS-4500AF (4 x 5 inch and 120/220 formats, 1000×2000 dpi, 35mm format 3000×3000). 12bit A/D. SCSI. Fitted with auto-focus lens.[89]
  • (1996) Super Coolscan LS-1000 (2592×3888, 2700 dpi) SCSI. scan time cut by half[ninety]
  • (1996) Coolscan 2 LS-xx E (2700 dpi) SCSI[91]
  • (1998) Coolscan LS-2000 (2700 dpi, 12-bit) SCSI, multiple sample, “CleanImage” software[92]
  • (1998) Coolscan III LS-30 East (2700 dpi, 10-scrap) SCSI[93]
  • (2001) Coolscan 4 LS-twoscore ED (2900 dpi, 12-fleck, three.6D) USB, SilverFast, Ice, ROC, Precious stone[94]
  • (2001) Coolscan LS-4000 ED (4000 dpi, xiv-scrap, 4.second) Firewire[95]
  • (2001) Coolscan LS-8000 ED (4000 dpi, xiv-bit, 4.2d) Firewire, multiformat[96]
  • (2003) Coolscan Five LS-50 ED (4000 dpi, fourteen-bit, iv.2nd) USB
  • (2003) Super Coolscan LS-5000 ED (4000 dpi, 16bit, four.8D) USB
  • (2004) Super Coolscan LS-9000 ED (4000 dpi, 16bit, 4.8D) Firewire, multiformat

Nikon introduced its kickoff scanner, the Nikon LS-3500 with a maximum resolution of 4096 x 6144 pixels, in 1988. Prior to the development of ‘cool’ LED lighting this scanner used a halogen lamp (hence the name ‘Coolscan’ for the following models). The resolution of the following LED based Coolscan model didn’t increase but the toll was significantly lower. Colour depth, browse quality, imaging and hardware functionality as well as scanning speed was gradually improved with each following model. The final ‘top of the line’ 35mm Coolscan LS-5000 ED was a device capable of archiving greater numbers of slides; 50 framed slides or 40 images on film curl. Information technology could scan all these in one batch using special adapters. A single maximum resolution scan was performed in no more than than 20 seconds as long as no post-processing was also performed. With the launch of the Coolscan 9000 ED Nikon introduced its near up-to-date flick scanner which, like the Minolta Dimage scanners were the just film scanners that, due to a special version of Digital Water ice, were able to scan Kodachrome picture show reliably both dust and scratch costless. In late 2007 much of the software’southward code had to exist rewritten to make it Mac OS 10.5 compatible. Nikon announced information technology would discontinue supporting its Nikon Scan software for the Macintosh as well as for Windows Vista 64-bit.[97]
Third-political party software solutions similar SilverFast or Vuescan provide alternatives to the official Nikon drivers and scanning software, and maintain updated drivers for most current operating systems. Between 1994 and 1996 Nikon developed three flatbed scanner models named Scantouch, which couldn’t go along upwardly with competitive flatbed products and were hence discontinued to permit Nikon to focus on its dedicated movie scanners.

Sport optics

[edit]

Binoculars

[edit]

  • Sprint IV
  • Sportstar Four
  • Travelite Five
  • Travelite Half-dozen
  • Travelite EX
  • Mikron
  • Action Seven
  • Activeness Vii Zoom
  • Aculon
  • Activity EX
  • Sporter I
  • Venturer 8/10×32
  • Venturer 8×42
  • Prostaff 5
  • Prostaff 7
  • Monarch ATB
  • Monarch three
  • Monarch 5
  • Monarch vii
  • Monarch HG
  • Monarch M5
  • Monarch M7
  • StabilEyes
  • Superior E
  • Marine
  • EDG II

Spotting scopes

[edit]

  • Prostaff iii 16-48×60
  • Prostaff 5 lx
  • Prostaff 5 80
  • Spotter Xl II WP
  • Spotting Scope R/A II
  • Spotting Scope 80
  • Fieldscope 60mm
  • Fieldscope ED78/ EDII
  • Fieldscope III/EDIII
  • Fieldscope ED82
  • Fieldscope ED50
  • Fieldscopes EDG 65 /85
  • Fieldscope EDG 85 VR

Rifle scopes

[edit]

  • BLACK
  • Monarch 7
  • Monarch 5
  • Monarch 3
  • Monarch
  • Laser IRT
  • Prostaff 5
  • Encore
  • Coyote Special
  • Slughunter
  • Inline
  • Buckmaster 2
  • Buckmaster
  • AR
  • ProStaff Ii
  • Prostaff
  • Squad REALTREE
  • Rimfire
  • Handgun

Nikon Metrology

[edit]

Overview

[edit]

Nikon Metrology, a division of Nikon, produces hardware and software products for second & 3D measurement from nano to large scale measurement volumes. Products include Optical Laser Probes, X-ray computed tomography, Coordinate-measuring motorcar (CMM),Laser Radar Systems (LR), Microscopes, Portable CMMs, Large Volume Metrology, Motion Measurement and Adaptive Robotic Controls, Semiconductor Systems, Metrology Software including CMM-Manager, CAMIO Studio, Inspect-X, Focus, and Automeasure. Measurements are performed using tactile and non-contact probes, measurement data is collected in software and processed for comparing to nominal CAD (Computer-aided design) or part specification or for recreating / opposite engineering science physical work pieces.

Origins

[edit]

The origins of Nikon go back to 1917 when three Japanese optical manufacturers joined to form Nippon Kogaku KK (‘Nippon Optics’). In 1925 the microscope having revolving nosepiece and interchangeable objectives was produced. Meaning growth for the microscopy division occurs over the side by side 50 years equally Nikon pioneers development of polarising and stereo microscopes forth with new products for measuring and inspection (Metrology) markets. These new products include devices targeted for industrial utilise such as optical comparators, autocollimators, profile projector and automated vision based systems. Continued attempt through the side by side three decades yield the release of products including the Optiphot and Labophot microscopes, Diaphot microscope, the Eclipse range of infinity optics, and finally the DS camera series and the Coolscope with the advent of digital sensors. With the acquisition of Metris in 2009 the Nikon Metrology partition was born. Nikon Metrology products include a full range of both 2D & 3D, optical, tactile, non-contact, and X-Ray Metrology solutions ranging from nanometer resolution on microscopic samples to μm resolution in volumes large enough to business firm a commercial airliner.[98]

Products

[edit]

  • Coordinate-Measuring-Machines
    • Bridge, Gantry and Horizontal Arm CMMs
    • Digital / Analog Tactile and / or Non-Contact Optical sensors
  • Portable arms – 6 and 7 axis models
  • Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation Scanning – Optical Line Scanners in single Line and Multi-line (Cross Scanner) configurations
  • 10-ray-and-CT-Inspection[99]
  • Video-Microscope-Measuring – Optical Probe and Multi-Sensor options available
  • Microscope-Systems
  • Large Volume Systems[100]
  • Application Software – several options available depending on specific awarding and hardware.
    • CMM-Director – Multi-sensor 3D Metrology software for 3rd party CMMs, Articulated Artillery, and Nikon video-measurement systems[101]
    • Automeasure, NIS Elements, E-Max, Automeasure Eyes – 2d / 3D imaging software for use on Nikon video-measurement systems[102]
    • Focus, CMM-Manager, CAMIO – Software for 3D Metrology[103]

Lithography equipment

[edit]

Overview

[edit]

Nikon manufactures scanners and steppers for the industry of integrated circuits and flat panel displays, and semiconductor device inspection equipment. The steppers and scanners represent nearly one 3rd of the income for the visitor equally of 2008.[104]

Nikon developed the first lithography equipment from Nihon. The equipment from Nikon enjoyed high demand from global chipmakers, the Japanese semiconductor companies and other major companies such every bit Intel, and Nikon was the world’s leading producer of semiconductor lithography systems from the 1980s to 2002.[105]
Nikon saw a sharp drop in its market share from less than 40 percent in early 2000s to no more than than 20 percent every bit of 2013.[45]
[47]
The company has been losing an estimated
¥17 billion a year in its precision instruments unit.

In contrast, ASML, a Dutch visitor, has grabbed over lxxx percent of the lithography systems market as of 2015 by adopting an open innovation method of production evolution, which includes the acquisition of U.Due south-based light source manufacturer Cymer.[106]
In 2017, Nikon appear that it would cut nearly 1,000 jobs mainly in the lithography systems business concern and halt its development of side by side-generation equipment.[107]
[108]

Legal disputes

[edit]

In February 2019, Nikon, ASML and Carl Zeiss AG, a leading supplier to ASML, take entered into a definitive settlement and cross-license agreement relating to multiple disputes over patents for lithography equipment that had been underway since 2001 and agreed to drop all the world-wide lawsuits regarding the upshot.[109]

Past the latest settlement, ASML and Zeiss paid approximately $170 1000000 to Nikon.[110]
The two companies had paid a total of $87 million to Nikon in 2004 for like legal dispute.[111]

Market position and products

[edit]

As of February 2018, Nikon held x.3 per centum revenue share in the semiconductor lithography market while the share of ASML was over eighty pct.[112]

As of 2019, Nikon develops and sells the following lithography-related equipment:

  • Cut-edge flat panel brandish lithography equipment (The FX series)
  • i-line steppers
  • KrF steppers
  • ArF steppers
  • ArF immersion steppers
  • Inspection and alignment equipment

Other products

[edit]

Nikon also manufactures eyeglasses, sunglasses, and glasses frames, under the brands Nikon, Niji, Nobili-Ti, Presio, and Velociti VTI.[113]
Other Nikon’s products include ophthalmic equipment, loupes, monoculars, binocular telescopes, metal 3D printers, material processing equipment, regenerative medicine contract manufacturing, cell sorting equipment, and prison cell civilization observation systems.[vi]
[7]
[viii]
[9]

Nikon no longer manufactures its own image sensors as it outsources the manufacturing to Sony.[114]

Since 2019, Sendai Nikon, a Nikon group company, manufactures Lidar sensors for Velodyne as part of a partnership between the two companies.[115]


[edit]

Awards and exhibitions

[edit]

In Japan, Nikon runs the Nikon Salon exhibition spaces, the Nikkor Lodge for amateur photographers (to whom information technology distributes the series of Nikon Salon books), the Nikon Small World Photomicrography Competition and the Nikon Small World in Motion Competition, and arranges the Ina Nobuo Accolade, Miki Jun Award and Miki Jun Inspiration Awards.

Others

[edit]

Equally of Nov nineteen, 2013, Nikon is the “Official Camera” of Walt Disney World Resort and Disneyland Resort.[116]

Nikon is the official co-sponsor of Galatasaray SK Football game Team.[117]
[118]
[119]

In 2014 Nikon sponsored the Copa Sadia practice Brasil 2014 and the AFC Champions League.[120]

The company sponsors the Nikon-Walkley Printing Photographer of the Year award, as well as the Nikon Photography Prizes, which are administered by the Walkley Foundation in Australia.[121]

Cultural references

[edit]

  • Vocalizer Paul Simon referenced Nikon Cameras in his 1973 song “Kodachrome.”[122]
  • Dexter Morgan, main character of the Showtime serial
    Dexter, can be seen using a Nikon photographic camera throughout the evidence.
  • In the movie
    Hackers, the character “Lord Nikon” got his alias because of his photographic retentivity.
  • In the lyrics to the Oak Ridge Boys song “American Made”, a reference to Nikon Cameras is made ( “I got a Nikon camera, a Sony color Telly”).
  • In the movie
    The French Connection, the drug dealer gives his girlfriend a Nikon F camera.
  • In the film “The Most Beautiful” past Akira Kurosawa, the “East Asian Optical Visitor” scenes were filmed at the Nippon Kogaku factory in Totsuka, Yokohama, Japan.[123]
  • In the TV show
    Veronica Mars, Veronica, the main character, uses a Nikon Coolpix 8800 throughout season one, and a Nikon DSLR in all other seasons.

Awards and recognition

[edit]

Nikon was ranked 134th among India’due south well-nigh trusted brands according to the Brand Trust Study 2012, a study conducted by Trust Research Informational. In the Brand Trust Report 2013, Nikon was ranked 28th amidst India’s well-nigh trusted brands and subsequently, according to the Brand Trust Report 2014, Nikon was ranked 178th among India’s about trusted brands.[124]

Nikon school

[edit]

Nikon branches around the world runs photography courses behind the make Nikon Schoolhouse. The official website of Nikon School[125]
offers online photography course since 2016.[126]

See also

[edit]

  • Digital unmarried-lens reflex camera
  • Full-frame digital SLR
  • History of the unmarried-lens reflex photographic camera
  • Lenses for SLR and DSLR cameras
  • Nikon Instruments
  • Nikkor
  • Nikon F
  • Nikon Coolpix series
  • Nikon Museum
  • Nikon F-mount
  • Nikon Due south-mount
  • Perspective control lens
  • Single-lens reflex photographic camera
  • Catechism Inc

Notes and references

[edit]


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    [sic]
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  29. ^


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    “Nikon Products D5100”. Nikon Canada.


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  33. ^


    “ViewNX”.
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  35. ^


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  36. ^


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  38. ^


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  39. ^


    “Nikon Z6 Ii and Z7 Ii avowal dual processors and gain a second carte du jour slot”.
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  40. ^


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External links

[edit]


  • Official website



Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikon