How To Make Photoshop Run Faster

By | 13/10/2022

Try the tips and techniques outlined in this document if Photoshop is running slower than expected on your machine

 Discontinuation of 3D features in Photoshop

Photoshop’s 3D features volition be removed in hereafter updates. Users working with 3D are encouraged to explore Adobe’s new Substance 3D collection, which represents the next generation of 3D tools from Adobe. Boosted details on the discontinuation of Photoshop’s 3D features can be found hither:Photoshop 3D | Common questions on discontinued 3D features.

Wide steps to boost performance

Every user’s setup is unique and may require a different combination of techniques to get the most efficient performance from Photoshop. From the suggestions documented in this commodity, consider which ones to implement within the context of your estimator setup, the types of files yous use, and your detail workflow.In that location are four primary ways to bear on performance in Photoshop —Optimize your hardware setup, Optimize your operating system for Photoshop, Ready functioning-related preferences, and Fine-melody Photoshop features.

The easiest style to improve performance, without spending coin, is to set your Photoshop preferences and fine-melody its features to have advantage of your work and the type of files y’all typically work with.

The well-nigh dramatic way to increase performance is by investing in faster and more than powerful hardware. Your figurer must meet certain minimum organization requirements to run Photoshop optimally. Running Photoshop on underpowered or unsupported hardware—for example, on a computer having an incompatible graphics processor (GPU), may consequence in functioning issues.

Set performance-related preferences

Watch this short video to larn how to chop-chop optimize performance-related preferences in Photoshop.

Photoshop provides a set of preferences (Preferences > Operation) to help you brand optimum use of your calculator’s resources, such as memory, enshroud, graphics processor, displays, etc. Depending on your primary use case for using Photoshop and the types of documents y’all generally piece of work with, different combinations of these settings may accommodate y’all.

Boosted settings such every bit
Scratch Disks, available on other tabs of the Preferences dialog, may also directly impact your computer’south running speed and stability.

Performance preferences in Photoshop

Arrange the memory allocated to Photoshop

You can improve functioning by increasing the amount of retentiveness/RAM allocated to Photoshop. The
Memory Usage
area of the
preferences dialog (Preferences > Functioning) tells you how much RAM is bachelor to Photoshop. It also shows the ideal Photoshop memory allocation range for your system.

Past default, Photoshop uses seventy% of available RAM.

  1. Increase the RAM allocated to Photoshop past changing the value in the
    Allow Photoshop Use
    box. Alternatively, adjust the Retentiveness Usage slider.
  2. Restart Photoshop to enable your changes.

To find the ideal RAM allocation for your system, change it in 5% increments and monitor performance in the Efficiency indicator.

We don’t recommend allocating more than 85% of your computer’due south memory to Photoshop. Doing so may impact performance by leaving no retention for other essential organisation applications.

If y’all feel out-of-RAM or out-of-memory errors in Photoshop, try increasing the amount of RAM allocated to Photoshop. However, setting the RAM allocation for Photoshop too high (>85%) could touch the functioning of other running applications, making your system unstable.

The best solution to this issue is to increase the amount of RAM to your computer. Bank check with your calculator manufacturer for RAM specifications and compatibility.

Suit cache levels

Cache basics

Photoshop uses image caching to speed up the redrawing of loftier-resolution documents while y’all’re working on them. You can specify up to eight levels of buried paradigm data and cull ane of the four bachelor cache tile sizes.

Increasing enshroud levels improves Photoshop’south responsiveness while you piece of work, although images may take longer to load. The enshroud tile size determines the amount of data on which Photoshop operates at a time. Bigger tile sizes speed up complex operations, such every bit sharpening filters. Smaller changes, such equally brush strokes, are more than responsive with smaller tile sizes.

Cache presets

3 cache presets are available in the Operation preferences. Choose the 1 that matches your principal use instance/purpose of using Photoshop:

  • Web/UI Design:
    Choose this selection if you utilise Photoshop primarily for web, app, or screen design. This pick is appropriate for documents having numerous layers of low-to-medium pixel dimension assets.
  • Default/Photos:
    Choose this option if yous use Photoshop primarily to retouch or edit moderate-sized images. For example, use this option if you commonly edit photos originating from your mobile or digital camera in Photoshop.
  • Huge Pixel Dimensions:
    Choose this option if yous work extensively with heavy documents in Photoshop; for example, panoramas, matte paintings, etc.

Cache levels

For finer control, specify cache levels manually;
the default value is 4.

  • If you use relatively small files—roughly 1 megapixel or 1280 by 1024 pixels—and many layers (50 or more), set Enshroud Levels to i or 2. Setting Cache Levels to one disables epitome caching; only the electric current screen epitome is cached.
  • If yous use files with larger pixel dimensions—say, 50 megapixels or larger—fix Cache Levels higher than 4. Higher cache levels speed up redrawing.

You lot may non get high-quality results with some Photoshop features if you lot set Cache Levels to one.

Limit history states

You can save scratch disk infinite and improve performance by limiting or reducing the number of history states Photoshop saves in the History panel. The corporeality of space you relieve varies depending on how many pixels an operation changes. For example, a history state based on a pocket-sized pigment stroke or a non-subversive operation, such as creating or modifying an adjustment layer, consumes lilliputian space. Applying a filter to an entire epitome, on the other manus, consumes much more space.

Photoshop tin save upward to 1,000 history states;
the default number is 50.

To reduce that number, go to the Performance preference dialog. In the
History & Cache

section, prepare the the number of
History States to a lower value.

Set graphics processor (GPU) settings

The all-time way to optimize GPU acceleration, which speeds up screen redraws, is to go along your video adapter driver up to date.  For instructions on updating video adapter drivers

See Update Graphics Driver.

For more data how Photoshop leverages the graphics processor, tested cards, and minimum graphics processor and display requirements.

Run into Photoshop GPU and video card FAQ.

GPU preferences

Photoshop provides yous with dedicated GPU settings in both the Performance and 3D sections in the Preferences dialog.

Settings in the Preferences > Functioning department

If a graphics menu is detected on your system, its name and model volition announced nether Detectected Graphics Processor in the Graphics Processor Settings area of the Performance department.

  • If your graphics menu
    supported, the
    “Use Graphics Processor”
    checkbox is enabled and checked past default.
  • If your graphics card
    is not
    supported, the checkbox will exist grayed out and non checked by default.
  • If your graphics card
    supported, and the
    “Apply Graphics Processor”
    checkbox becomes unchecked, this is likely because Photoshop has detected a crash caused by a lacking graphics driver or configuration.See Troubleshoot Photoshop graphics processor (GPU) and graphics driver issues.

Additional advanced settings:

  • Use OpenCL:

    Turn this off if Mistiness Gallery, Smart Sharpen, Select Focus Area, or Image Size with Preserve Details do not piece of work as expected.
  • Anti-Alias Guides and Paths:
    Disable if guides and paths are appearing too heavy or also wide
  • 30 Bit Display:
    Enable to increase the colour fidelity on a monitor which supports thirty bit.

Disable Open CL

Turning on OpenCL is likely to improve performance if you use these Photoshop features:

  • Blur Gallery – Field Mistiness, Iris Mistiness, Tilt-Shift, Path Blur, Spin Blur (OpenCL accelerated)
  • Smart Sharpen (Noise Reduction – OpenCL accelerated)
  • Select and Mask (OpenCL accelerated)

Settings in the Preferences > 3D section

The 3D department of the Performances dialog box contains a VRAM slider similar to the memory control located in the Performance department. Use the slider to determine the upper limit of the video RAM (VRAM) available to the Photoshop 3D engine. The total value is a per centum of the overall VRAM bachelor. A setting of 100% will still reserve a portion of the overall VRAM for use with the operating system. Higher values will help with overall 3D operation only may compete with other GPU-enabled applications.

3D: Retentivity usage

Manage scratch disks

If Photoshop cannot launch because the scratch deejay is full, hold down the Cmd + Pick keys (macOS) or Ctrl + Alt keys (Windows) during launch to fix a new scratch disk.

A scratch disk is a difficult deejay drive or SSD used for temporary storage while Photoshop is running. Photoshop uses this space to store portions of your documents and their history panel states that don’t fit in the memory or RAM of your machine.

To learn more than virtually managing scratch disk preferences and recommended settings, run into Gear up scratch disks.

To learn more than about troubleshooting scratch deejay errors, see Troubleshoot scratch disk errors in Photoshop.

The Efficiency indicator

Watch the Efficiency indicator to monitor performance while y’all piece of work in Photoshop. Click the pop-up carte at the bottom of the epitome window and choose
Efficiency from the pop-upwards carte du jour.

If the value in the indicator is below 100%, Photoshop has used all available RAM and is using the scratch disk, which slows performance. If the efficiency is less than 90%, allocate more RAM to Photoshop in Performance preferences. Or, add together more RAM to your system.

The Efficiency indicator

Fine-tune Photoshop features for performance

Disable Rulers and Overlays

Having rulers and overlays (such as Grids, Slices and Smart Guides) visible tin can slow some operations, such every bit painting, transform, and dragging layers on the canvass.

  • To disable rulers, in theView menu, deselectRulers.
  • To disable overlays, go to theView > Provemenu, selectNone or disable the individual items.

See Bear witness or hide non-printing Extras.

Work within file-size limitations

Very large files are often the cause of performance bug.

Photoshop supports a maximum file size of 300,000 x 300,000 pixels, except for PDF files, which are limited to 30,000 x 30,000 pixels and 200 x 200 inches, and Camera Raw, which supports images upwardly to 65,000 pixels long or wide and up to 512 megapixels.

File size capability for Photoshop:

  • PSD files: two GB
  • TIFF files: 4 GB
  • PSB files: 4 exabytes (4096 petabytes or iv million terabytes)
  • PDF files: ten GB (pages are limited to a maximum size of 200 inches)

Close unnecessary document windows

If you receive an “out of RAM” fault message or if Photoshop is running slowly, it could be caused by having likewise many open up images. If y’all take several windows open, attempt closing some of them.

Reduce the number of presets

To reduce the amount of scratch disk space Photoshop uses, minimize the number of presets you proceed loaded. Patterns and castor tips are some of the largest presets. Relieve presets y’all don’t require right now to a preset file, then remove them, and only load them when you need them.

To find out more than about managing presets,see Presets.

Minimize or turn off console preview thumbnails

Each fourth dimension you modify a document, Photoshop updates all the thumbnails visible in the Layers and Channels panels. This update tin impact responsiveness when yous’re rapidly painting, moving, or nudging layers. The more than thumbnails visible, the greater this upshot.

To minimize or disable these thumbnail previews, click the Console menu and choose
Console Options
. Select a smaller thumbnail size or selectNone, and then click

Change file compatibility options

If you lot don’t need to piece of work with your PSD and PSB files in older versions of Photoshop or in applications that don’t support layers, yous can turn off a file compatibility characteristic to speed up document saving:

  1. In Preferences > File Handling, for sixteen-fleck and 32-fleck PSD and PSB documents, select
    Disable Pinch of PSD and PSB Files.

  2. From the Maximize PSD and PSB File Compatibility carte, choose

Work in 8-bit image mode

Photoshop tin perform many operations on 16-fleck and 32-bit images. However, these images crave more memory, scratch infinite, and fourth dimension to process than 8-chip images.

To convert your image to 8 $.25 per channel, choose
8 Bits/Channel.

See Bit dept and preferences.

Converting to 8 bits per channel deletes information from your paradigm. Save a copy of the original xvi-flake or 32-bit image before you convert to 8 bits per channel.

Turn off font preview

To speed font processing in Photoshop, turn off the font preview list by choosing
Font Preview Size


Reduce image resolution

The greater the image resolution, the more than memory and deejay space Photoshop requires to display, procedure, and print an prototype. Depending on your concluding output, college prototype resolution does not necessarily provide college final image quality, but it can slow performance, employ additional scratch deejay infinite, and slow printing. The optimal resolution for your images depends on how the images volition be displayed or printed.

For images presented onscreen, think in terms of total pixel dimensions. To reduce the image dimensions of an image, choose
Image Size. In the Image Size dialog box, make sure that the
pick is selected. Enter a new value for the Dimensions Width or Meridian (entering a value for one changes both).

For printed images, increasing resolution beyond about 360 DPI brings marginal if whatsoever benefits in most cases. If you produce many prints, experiment to find a resolution that gives you lot pleasing results. To reduce the resolution of an image, choose
Paradigm Size. In the Image Size dialog box, select
Resample. Change the Width and Superlative values to reflect the physical size of your printed certificate. And then, subtract the Resolution value, and click

If yous are going to increase the epitome resolution for printing rather than decrease information technology, perform this resolution increment every bit 1 of your last steps before press the image. That way, you don’t have to procedure all this extra information in earlier steps.

Purge memory

You tin can improve organization performance past freeing up unused retention and scratch disk space from Photoshop to make information technology available to other programs. To do so, cull one of these options:

  • Edit > Purge > All
  • Edit > Purge > Undo
  • Concord down
    (macOS) or
    (Windows) and choose
    About Photoshop

If other programs are actively trying to classify or apply the memory, freeing up retentiveness in Photoshop will improve performance. Freeing up scratch disk infinite will be benign if yous’re out of space on a disk volume. If you free up meaning memory or disk space, Photoshop will be slower the adjacent time you open large files, while Photoshop allocates infinite.

If you want Photoshop to always utilize less memory, choose
Edit > Preferences > Operation
(Windows) or
Photoshop > Preferences > Performance
(macOS) and movement the
Memory Usage
slider to the left.

See Adjust memory usage.

Action monitors, task managers, and deejay utilities may accept several seconds to register the alter. In fact, for some utilities, yous may need to explicitly request the update.

Purge the clipboard

The contents of the clipboard are ofttimes large if you’ve been copying and pasting information within big documents. And, those contents are of petty use when you’re done pasting. To free upwards RAM being used past image data in the clipboard, choose

The Purge command cannot be undone.

Use the Filter Gallery

The Filter Gallery allows you to test one or more than filters on an prototype before applying the effects, which can save considerable time and memory.

See Filter Gallery overview.

Drag between files rather than copy and paste

Dragging layers or files is more than efficient than copying and pasting them. Dragging bypasses the Clipboard and transfers data straight. Copying and pasting can potentially involve more data transfer and is much less efficient.

Salve TIFF files without ZIP compression

For added speed when exporting TIFF files, do not choose ZIP compression. (Naught compression produces the smallest TIFF files, even so.)

Don’t export the clipboard

The Consign Clipboard pick causes Photoshop to brand the contents of the clipboard available to other programs. If you re-create big amounts of data in Photoshop, but won’t paste it into other applications, salve time by turning off this selection:

  1. Choose
    Photoshop > Preferences > General
    (macOS) or
    Edit > Preferences > Full general

  2. Deselect
    Export Clipboard.

Disable the Libraries panel

  1. From the
    flyout bill of fare, choose Close.

Disable Generator

  1. ChooseEdit

  2. Deselect
    Enable Generator.

Photoshop compositing

Compositing is the process of combining multiple visual elements together into a single frame that represents your document. The internal compositor in Photoshop calculates itself thousands of times while y’all utilise the program, constantly displaying every change made to your image together as a single composite.

Multithreaded compositing

With the Apr 2022 release of Photoshop 22.3, y’all tin now activate multithreaded compositing by going to
Preferences > Operation
and enabling the
Multithreaded compositing checkbox. Yous don’t need to restart Photoshop for this change to take outcome.

Multi-threaded compositing

Adjustment layers, layer masks, blending modes, filters, styles, and effects each add processing complexity to your document that tin can chip abroad at Photoshop’s processing speed. You may notice various slider adjustments non updating the screen equally fast equally they used to before all those layers and effects were added. Multithreaded compositing helps CPU and GPU-based compositing tasks piece of work faster by subdividing calculating piece of work into smaller parts that can be run in parallel, often faster than they could exist computed in a single ‘thread’.

While at that place are many reasons that documents might go less responsive when being worked in Photoshop, speeding up compositing betwixt 100% and 250% with multithreaded compositing goes a long fashion toward ensuring Photoshop can be every bit responsive and fluid as it needs to be.

If you observe redrawing errors and you suspect multithreaded compositing to be an issue, y’all can plow the feature off in
Preferences > Functioning. If y’all have a question to inquire or want to share your outcome with this setting, notify u.s. on the Adobe Photoshop customs. We’d love to hear from you!

Multithreaded compositing takes the place of the earlier warning about the removal of legacy compositing which is no longer required and now has been removed.

GPU-accelerated compositing

With the April 2022 release of Photoshop 22.3, GPU compositing was added to Photoshop to improve the responsiveness of certain layer operations within a document. GPU compositing tin just be used if Photoshop properly detects your GPU on startup. To confirm this, go to
Preferences > Performance, and verify that your GPU is listed in the department titled
Graphics Processor Setting
with a checkmark adjacent to
Use Graphics Processor.

To find the checkbox to plough GPU compositing on or off, click the
Advanced Settings…

GPU compositing

With smaller, less circuitous documents containing few layers and layer-based adjustments (e.g., blending modes, adjustment layers), y’all may not discover whatsoever performance degradation when turning on or off blending modes or layer visibility. Only as the complication and size of your documents increases, the compositor in Photoshop tin can exist required to do more real-time processing, and the time information technology takes to display the results to the screen tin can start to take longer. With very complex documents, you lot may take noticed that moving the contents of a layer or changing opacity takes a fraction of a 2d longer for the screen to update to show you the results. With GPU compositing enabled, Photoshop will apply more of your GPU’s processing power to speed upwards the compositing and give you a more fluid editing experience.

If you encounter unexpected results when making these layer-based edits, you tin can endeavour turning off GPU compositing to run across if that changes the results.