How To Photo Shop A Picture

By | 26/10/2022

How To Edit Photos In Photoshop

Photoshop is one of the near powerful image editing programs money can buy. With some of the all-time tools and layer adjustments around, at that place’s no reason not to use this program. Now the problem is, if you’ve tried to edit a photo in Photoshop, yous’ve likely felt a petty lost. With an overwhelming amount of features, it’due south difficult to know where to begin. Luckily, using this uncomplicated 10 step method, learning how to edit photos in Photoshop has ever been easier.

To professionally edit a photo in Photoshop, follow this 10 step recipe:

  1. Import Your Photos

  2. Crop And Straighten If Necessary

  3. Create Base Exposure And White Residual Adjustments With Camera Raw

  4. Remove Any Distractions From Your Photo With The Clone Stamp Tool

  5. Improve The Exposure And Contrast With A Curves Adjustment Layer

  6. Make Your Colour Adjustments

  7. Create Spot Adjustments With Layer Masks

  8. Dodge And Burn

  9. Sharpen Your Photo

  10. Export Your Prototype

By following these 10 steps, it’s easier to know exactly what to do next. With a clear plan of activity, Photoshop feels far less intimidating, and you can get from point A to B in less time. Now let’south walk through each of these 10 steps together!

How To Edit Photos Professionally In Photoshop – Footstep By Step

The photo I’ll be using in this tutorial is a waterfall photo I took recently. After going through the 10 stride editing recipe, we tin take this photograph to a whole new level.

If yous want to follow along, I encourage you to bring up a photograph of your own, then nosotros can work through this together. Since every photo you edit will require different adjustments, I’ll only be sharing my general steps. The exact settings I use for each tool are irrelevant since they will look different on your images.

The thought here is to requite you a roadmap to follow towards a workflow for photograph editing in Photoshop. This workflow is one I’ve developed over the years and notice to be the about constructive at yielding consequent results!

Here’due south how it’s done.

ane. Import Your Images

This may go without saying, simply you’ll need to import your photo into Photoshop before anything else. There are two different ways to do this, depending on where your photo is stored.

Pick one: Opening New Document

The offset option is to open your photo straight into Photoshop from your computer. To do this, simply press
Command + O
(Mac) or
Command + O
(PC) on your keyboard. Alternatively, you can click “Open up” on the Photoshop commencement screen.

Since this choice takes a photo directly from your calculator into Photoshop, you’ll demand to recollect to save your projection after. Without working out of another plan like Lightroom, Photoshop will require you to choose a place to salvage your project on your computer. Y’all’ll be prompted to practise this when you endeavor to salve your projection.

At that place isn’t any downside to this, but information technology’s easier to go your project files disorganized. When saving Photoshop projects, make certain to take some kind of folder to order things systematically. That manner, they’re piece of cake to notice afterwards on!

Choice 2: Opening A Photo From Lightroom Into Photoshop

If your photo is already imported into Lightroom, you tin begin editing the aforementioned file in Photoshop. Only right-click on your desired photo and select
Edit In > Photoshop.

From here, your photo will automatically open inside of Photoshop and will be ready to piece of work with. The difference with this method is that when you save your projection, the new image will appear in Lightroom.

Rather than having to organize your Photoshop project files, Lightroom will do information technology for yous by storing the project file in the same identify every bit the original image.

2. Crop And Straighten (If Necessary)

If your photograph looks a little crooked or yous need to adapt your framing, using the crop tool will set all your worries.

– Using The Crop Tool

The crop tool can be quickly accessed by pressing
on your keyboard or finding it in your toolbar.

Once selected, you’ll find a white box around your paradigm and your tool settings in the upper bar. For full general use, brand sure your crop preset is set to
“W x H x Resolution.”
While using this crop preset, y’all tin freely arrange the size of your crop.

With that said, yous can also use the
“Original Ratio”
preset if you need to proceed the
attribute ratio as yous crop.

Side by side, make sure the
“Delete Cropped Pixels”
pick is
turned off
That way, when y’all ingather your photograph, all the image information outside of your crop will even so be there. This is the best fashion to crop non-destructively while giving you the option to change your mind later on.

To crop your photo, click and elevate on any of the outside edges of your ingather overlay. This will reposition your ingather and darken whatsoever areas of your photograph that will no longer exist visible.

The idea here is to crop your photo to meliorate focus on your subject field or quickly remove distractions around the edge of the frame. If you don’t feel like you demand to crop anything in your photo, and then that’s totally fine.

It’s simply important to consider whether or non you
to crop at the start stages of every edit.

– Using The Straighten Tool

Next comes the straightening tool. This tool is perfect to easily correct slanted horizons or accommodate your photo to align with a certain edge. In nearly cases, you’ll use this tool forth your horizon lines.

The straighten tool can be accessed in the crop tool settings bar at the top of your screen. The icon is a small-scale chimera level with a dotted curved line above it.

One time active, just click along the horizon line and drag outwards. Every bit you elevate, a line will exist created to base the straightening corrections on. Do your best to align this to lucifer the bending of your horizon or edge. That way, Photoshop will know exactly what edge you want to be perfectly straight!

After letting become, your image will be automatically straightened to match the line you fabricated.

If your photo was very crooked, you’ll notice a lot of your epitome may be cropped. To suit for significant angle changes, it volition only work by cropping and punching into your photo in some cases.

That’southward why information technology’s always best to become it right in-camera!

Why Ingather And Straighten Equally The First Step In Your Edit?

Making certain your photo doesn’t look crooked is crucial to set before anything else. It’s possible you’ll be wasting your time adjusting parts of your photograph that may not even exist included after you crop. To stay one step ahead, crop and straighten your photo from the beginning, so all that’s left is to edit exposure and colors!

3. Add Base Adjustments With Camera Raw

Camera Raw is a handy tool in Photoshop that operates like a mini Lightroom. In this tool, you have all the typical white balance, exposure, colour, and spot adjustments yous could wait in a photo editor. The beauty of Camera Raw is that it provides an efficient way to create base adjustments to your photo.

Base adjustments are the general changes needed to remainder out the exposure and white balance in your photos. In most cases, y’all’ll have an exposure that favors either the highlights or shadows. With base adjustments, you lot tin can rest these out to create a ameliorate-exposed photo to work with.

– How To Open Camera Raw

Before you open Camera Raw, I strongly suggest y’all change your image layer into a smart object. That style, you can e’er go dorsum and change your Camera Raw adjustments if need exist. You can learn more than nigh the powers of smart objects


Since we still have only one epitome layer, let’s first duplicate it by pressing
Control + J
(Mac) or
Command + J
(PC). With a second groundwork layer, you can ensure to edit non-destructively.

on your new layer and select
“Convert To Smart Object.”
In one case converted, your layer thumbnail volition have a smart object icon displayed on it.

Then get up to
Filter > Camera Raw Filter, to open your selected layer into Camera Raw.

– Editing Exposure In Camera Raw

If you lot’ve spent some time in other editing software such every bit Lightroom or Luminar, near of what you see here volition be familiar. Using the exposure, highlights, shadows, whites, and blacks sliders, you tin can go things started.

First off, increase or decrease the exposure slider to create a nice residue between the shadows and highlights. Ideally, you lot desire to exist able to see the details in all exposures clearly. You can use the histogram at the top of the editing console to help you out.

Now piece of work through your highlights, shadows, whites, and blacks sliders. Rather than changing your entire exposure, these sliders only impact certain exposure ranges in your photograph. Since it breaks everything up, it’south far easier to target specific parts of your photo.

Proceed to adapt these sliders to help make the brightest and darkest parts of your photo more visible. The end result will likely expect a little bit flat and low dissimilarity, but that’s exactly what we’re going for. That way, yous can add dorsum contrast more creatively in later steps.

– Alter The White Balance In Camera Raw

Subsequently your exposure adjustments, make sure to adapt the white balance and tint of your photo to await every bit realistic as possible. Past making your white balance warmer or cooler, y’all tin can aid to make the colors in your photos expect meliorate going frontward.

To alter the white balance, simply move the temperature slider left or right. Moving to the left volition brand your white balance more blue, while moving right will make it appear more than xanthous.

If you demand a sure area of your photo to look 100% white, then click on the eyedropper tools in a higher place the white balance sliders. With this tool, y’all tin click to sample whatsoever color in your photo, and Camera Raw will adjust your white rest to friction match that specific area.

In most cases, but using your best judgment will get the job done when adjusting white balance.

Later changing the color temperature, your photograph might feel a niggling bit purple or green looking. Especially when shooting with an ND filter or polarizer, information technology’due south non uncommon for this to happen. Luckily you tin quickly correct this with the tint slider. Just drag left or right to counter the hue you see in your photo.

One time you’re happy with the adjustments you’ve made, click
to exit Camera Raw.

four. Remove Any Distractions From Your Photo

With the base of operations adjustments gear up, information technology’southward time to remove any unwanted distractions from the photograph. This could exist something as minor as a sensor spot to as major every bit an entire building. Whatsoever you demand to remove from your prototype, it can be done with two simple tools in Photoshop.

The Clone Postage Tool

The clone stamp tool is one of the best object removal tools in Photoshop. Rather than Photoshop automatically choosing where it thinks will work all-time, you get to manually gear up the sample area. This gives y’all more flexibility to work with patterns, complicated edges, or annihilation that typically throws off content-aware methods.

– Setting Up The Clone Postage Tool

To admission the clone stamp tool, press
on your keyboard or find it in your toolbar.

Adjacent, create a
new layer
to make your clone stamp adjustments on. This way, y’all can continue to edit non-destructively.

In your clone stamp settings bar, brand sure your fashion is set to
the opacity and menses is at
and your sample is prepare to
electric current and beneath.

If you’ve never worked with the clone stamp tool, it operates a lot like the regular brush tool. The only difference is that it paints a sampled surface area rather than a solid colour.

In most cases, yous need the new clone stamp expanse to blend in with the residuum of your photo. The best way to do this is with a
soft-edged brush.

Click on the
castor preset picker
and select the
“soft round” brush preset.

Change your hardness to somewhere between
0% and 25%
for more composite results with your clone postage stamp adjustments.

As for brush size, you lot’ll need to change this constantly, so simply employ the keyboard shortcut
[ or ]
to enlarge or shrink your brush size.

With all your clone stamp settings in order, it’s fourth dimension to start removing objects from your photo. In this case, I desire to remove the fallen tree on the right of my photo. Since there is a large empty area nearby to sample from, this will be easy to remove.

– Removing Objects From Your Photo With The Clone Stamp

Whenever you lot try to remove something from a photo, call back yous need to find an area to replace it with. The larger the surface area y’all can sample (in this instance, the rocks), the easier information technology will be to cleanly clone out your objects. This tin can get-go getting complicated when there are patterns or nothing to fill the surface area with.

To start, I’ll hold my
Alt or Selection
key (PC/Mac) and
somewhere on my paradigm to sample. Wherever yous sample from will be used to clone out your object. Since I am sampling the nearby rocks, information technology will blend well to clone out the fallen tree.

With a small brush, I’ll slowly piece of work through the fallen tree. For the nearly realistic expect, using a pocket-size brush will make your clone adjustments announced less noticeable. Information technology really pays off to take the fourth dimension with a small brush.

As y’all continue to clone your photo, y’all’ll demand to continually resample new areas. In an ideal situation, you will sample as close to your object as possible, then the new exposure and textures match up with the surrounding surface area.

Repeat these steps until y’all’ve gotten rid of any distractions in your photo. In one case complete, rename your layer to
to aid stay organized.

The Spot Healing Castor

Non all objects need to exist removed with the clone stamp tool. In a lot of your photos, you’ll find that the things y’all demand to remove are minor. Since you don’t demand to be equally specific with your sampling, these small objects can be automatically removed with the spot healing brush.

The spot healing castor works by using content-aware to intelligently observe a sample surface area to replace your option with. All yous need to exercise is paint over an object you want to replace.

To admission the spot healing castor tool,
press J
on your keyboard or observe it in your toolbar. If you don’t see it, click and hold on the healing brush icon to reveal other tool options.

For tool settings, make sure y’all’re using a
brush hardness between 0% – 25%
and a
spacing of 25% brush preset, have the mode ready to
and the type set to
content-aware.Besides, cheque off the
“sample all layers”

pick to brand this tool a chip easier to use.

You tin once again change the size of the brush with your left and right bracket keys
[ or ].

In this photograph, there is a scattering of leaves laying on the rocks below the waterfall I desire to get rid of. Since they’re and so small, the spot healing castor tool volition exercise a bully job of getting rid of them.

By painting over the areas yous want to get rid of, a semi-opaque blackness castor volition appear on your photo to correspond your selection surface area. Photoshop will automatically supplant this black brush stroke with something suitable to replace that section of your paradigm with.

Repeat this process on the same “Clone” layer until all of the small distractions have been removed.

Looking at the before and after, using both the clone stamp and spot healing brush tools, the photo looks much cleaner. These are two of the well-nigh useful tools for you to use in whatever type of situation.

five. Improve The Exposure And Contrast With Curves

At present all the starting piece of work is out of the way. The image has a balanced exposure, the distractions are gone, and now it’s time to add your artistic touch. To start things off, nosotros’ll improve the exposure and dissimilarity using a Curves Aligning Layer.

– Creating A New Curves Adjustment Layer

To create a new curves aligning layer, click the curves aligning icon in the Adjustments tab.

You can too find it by pressing the adjustments icon at the bottom of your layers console. Both volition get you the aforementioned result!

– How The Curves Adjustment Works

If you lot’re familiar with the tone bend in Lightroom, then this aligning layer will experience very similar. In short, the curve is broke upward into four unlike sections represented by a filigree. Moving horizontally from the left, the columns represent shadows (far left), darks, lights, and highlights (far right).

The white line represents your exposure across all of these sections. By clicking anywhere on the line and dragging up, you’ll burnish all the exposure ranges together.

Meanwhile, if you drag downward, you will darken the overall exposure.

By clicking on different areas of your curve, y’all can proceed to add new anchor points to fine-tune the exposure and contrast. For instance, yous could bring downwardly the shadows and bring up the highlights to add more contrast.

Play around with your curve aligning to run across what types of exposure and contrast adjustments best suit your photo. To become a look at some different curve shapes, you can utilise for specific furnishings, check out this postal service.

In one case you’re happy with the curve adjustments, you should have a prissy general contrast and exposure adjustment. Something that meliorate suits your editing mode and makes the photo popular.

6. Make General Colour Adjustments To Your Photo

After exposure and dissimilarity comes color. There are a scattering of fantastic tools in Photoshop to edit the colors in your moving picture with. However, the three below are the ones I find to exist most effective.

Aligning 1: Selective Color

To create a selective colour adjustment layer, click the selective color icon in your adjustments tab.

You can also find it via the adjustment layer icon at the lesser of the Layers console.

This tool breaks downward each exposure and colour value in your photo into their own tabs. Past targeting different colour tabs, you tin meliorate refine the exposure and tones of these areas. Although there are a series of color channels to work in, I find using the blacks, neutrals, and whites tabs to exist all you really need.

In that location are four sliders bachelor in the selective color adjustment layer called cyan, magenta, yellow, and black.

By moving any of these sliders to the correct, y’all’ll add together more of that specific color to the photo.

If yous motion the sliders left, you’ll add together all the opposite colors of each slider to the photo. For reference, moving the cyan slider left gives you
ruby, the magenta slider gives y’all
and the xanthous slider gives you

Piece of work through the blacks, neutrals, and whites tabs and adjust the four sliders accordingly. Take care not to get overboard with this aligning, or you lot’ll end upwardly with an unrealistic look.

Aligning 2: Hue Saturation

The next adjustment layer to use for editing color is called the hue saturation aligning. This tool lets you alter the hue of whatsoever color in your photograph to create a unique look to certain colors.

To create a new hue saturation adjustment layer, click the icon in your adjustments tab or find it via your layers panel.

Once open up, click on the “primary” tab to reveal your individual color channels. Working your style through each channel, edit the hue, saturation, and luminance, as needed.

If you desire to get extra creative with your photo edit, don’t be afraid to modify the hue of certain colors dramatically. It’s all function of the fun!

Adjustment 3: Colour Balance

The final color adjustment to add is the colour balance adjustment layer. This tool lets yous alter the tones of your exposure ranges. Rather than targeting via colour, yous can target areas of your photo based on their exposure.

To create a new color balance aligning layer, click the icon in your adjustments tab or find it through your layers panel.

One time open, make sure the “preserve luminosity” is checked off. And so begin to play around with the sliders to see what types of tonal changes you can make.

Be sure to change the “tone” option between midtones, shadows, and highlights to improve alloy your adjustments.

I like to first in midtones, then edit the shadows while doing the highlights concluding. Whatever your workflow, just make sure to apply all of the tone ranges!

– The Upshot Of These three Color Adjustments

After 3 dissimilar adjustment layers, your photo now has a lot more than of a professional await to it. These 3 tools are my go-to for every photograph I edit in Photoshop. Below is the earlier and later on of the adjustments fabricated to the waterfall photo!

7. Create Spot Adjustments Using Layer Masks

Now that you’ve finished all the general exposure, contrast, and color adjustments, now comes the time to get specific. With spot adjustments, you can direct target one part of your photo (such as the sky or your discipline) to conform them as needed.

Unlike other editing programs, Photoshop doesn’t have a specific “spot adjustment” brush. Instead, you need to use layer masks to control where adjustment layers are visible.

If y’all’re new to layer masks, be sure to learn the fundamentals of layer masks in order to make the about of them. For the sake of this example, I’ll be using a soft brush on my layer mask to brighten the sky.

– Create An Adjustment Layer

Yous can use any adjustment layer for spot adjustments. However, since I want to burnish the exposure of my sky, I’ll use the curves adjustment layer. You can follow this exact process with as many adjustment layers every bit you wish.

To create a curves aligning, I’ll click on the curves adjustment icon in my adjustments tab or detect information technology via my layers console.

Since I want to practise a general brightening to the photo, I’ll but lift the exposure of the mid-tones.

With a white layer mask, the entire image will be brightened by the curves. To isolate its effects, I’ll first invert the layer mask by click on the mask and pressing
Control + I
(Mac) or
Control + I

Now all of the curves adjustment volition be invisible, just you can add together it dorsum using a
white brush.

Grabbing my
castor tool (B)
and selecting a soft audio castor with a
0% hardness, I’ll paint over the areas I want to burnish. In this instance, the sky and nearby the waterfall. By using a layer mask, you get the best control in terms of isolating adjustments. Yous can learn more about how to use layer masks in this post.

– What Kinds Of Spot Adjustments Should You Make?

Spot adjustments are perfect for helping fix whatsoever discoloration in your photo or brighten important areas. In virtually cases, brightening around your field of study or darkening less important areas can add together a lot to your photos.

In the above case, I only used a curves adjustment layer, merely you can utilize the same steps with any aligning layer. Just rinse and repeat the same process with whatever color, contrast, and exposure adjustments as needed!

8. Dodge And Burn

At this point, you are getting pretty happy with the look of your photo. However, there’south one last step you can add to really make it pop. This footstep features a technique chosen dodging and burning.

In brusk, dodging selectively brightens your photograph, while burning selectively darkens. Past swapping betwixt these tools in Photoshop, you tin add together some creative contrast.

–  Create A 50% Greyness Layer To Edit Not-Destructively

To start, you need a 50% grey layer to apply your dodging and burning to non-destructively.

Control + Shift + N
(Mac) or
Control + Shift + North
(PC) to open a new layer dialogue box.

Change the blend style to
“Overlay,” bank check off the
fill with 50% grey

option, and rename the layer to
dodge and burn.

– Dodging Your Prototype

Starting with your contrivance tool, press
to access information technology.

Looking at your settings bar, get out your
range set to “Midtones”
and the exposure between
5% and 10%
The higher your exposure, the more intense your adjustments volition look. For the most realistic effects, I’ve found this range to work all-time.

With your contrivance and burn layer selected, brainstorm dodging whatsoever areas of your photograph you want to bring more focus to. Things like your subject, interesting textures, or along the horizon. If you want to make an expanse brighter, paint multiple brushstrokes over the same area.

– Burning Your Image

After you’ve gone through and dodged sections of your photograph, click and hold on the dodge tool icon in your toolbar. Select the
burn tool
from the pop-up tool window.

Looking at your settings tab once more, set your
range to Midtones
and go out the exposure between
to 10%.

This time around, you’ll be concealment parts of your photo. Pigment over whatsoever areas yous don’t want to stand out. You lot tin can too burn edges of your photograph that are opposite to the light source. This volition make the highlights in your image really stand out and direct your eye towards the lighter areas.

Go dorsum and forth between dodging and burning until you similar the upshot you’re getting. If everything works correctly, y’all’ll discover a subtle simply favorable modify to how areas of contrast wait in your photo.

9. Acuminate Your Prototype With A High Laissez passer Filter

Your edit is nearly complete. The last bear on is to add some sharpening to your entire photo. One of my favorite ways to practise this is with a loftier pass filter.

A loftier pass filter volition enhance the edge particular in your photo. This, in turn, ends up making your entire photograph look more articulate.

Since this filter needs to be practical to an epitome, you’ll demand to
duplicate and merge

all your existing layers.

Clicking on the top layer in your layers panel, use the keyboard shortcut
Command + Selection + Shift + E
(Mac) or
Control + Alt + Shift + E
(PC) to duplicate and merge all your layers.

With your newly merged layer selected, go to
Filter > Other > High Laissez passer

Set up the radius to
no more than 2 pixels
click OK. The college your radius, the more intense the sharpening will await.

Lastly, gear up your layer
blending way
from Normal to
Linear Low-cal
to blend in the loftier pass filter.

Also, recollect to rename your layer to
to keep yourself organized!

10. Export Your Photograph From Photoshop

Now that you’ve come this far, it’due south fourth dimension for one last task in your editing process. That’s to export your photo! In that location are a few ways to export images from Photoshop, but let’south go over the easiest ane.

Go upward to
File > Save As.

Type in your desired file proper noun and a location on your figurer to export your photo to.

Now well-nigh importantly, change the
from Photoshop to

So click
to export your photo equally a JPEG file!

The Upshot

Later on following the ten steps, nosotros’ve completely transformed this waterfall photo. What started equally a relatively plain image has been enhanced to better catch your eye. With a handful of adjustment layers and filters, editing a photo in Photoshop is like shooting fish in a barrel!

If you’re new to editing in Photoshop, this all might seem a footling overwhelming. Just recollect that with exercise and repetition, these steps will become 2nd nature. It takes fourth dimension to build a skillful photo editing workflow, only once you lot do, you lot’ll breeze through the editing procedure with every photo!

Happy Editing!

Brendan 🙂