How To Use The Rule Of Diagonals In Photography

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The Golden Ratio has been used as a powerful composition tool for centuries. It is a design principle based on the ratio of one to ane.618. The Golden Ratio can assist in creating images that take a strong composition, which will attract viewers to your photograph.

The Aureate Ratio has likewise been called ‘natures number’ because information technology is said to appear everywhere throughout nature, from the nautilus trounce to the sunflower. It allows us to create a photograph that is most pleasing to the human center, it create a composition that is perfectly balanced from a viewer’s perspective, nosotros naturally prefer to await at an image that is balanced and harmonized, and the Golden Ratio provides this.

In this post, I’ll discuss the different types of aureate shapes and how to construct them and there will be another mail service to discuss how to employ them in photography limerick.


The number can be seen in the architecture of many aboriginal creations, like the Smashing Pyramids and the Parthenon. In the Groovy Pyramid of Giza, the length of each side of the base is 756 feet with a height of 481 anxiety. The ratio of the base to the pinnacle is roughly i.5717, which is close to the Gold ratio.

Phidias (500 B.C. – 432 B.C.) was a Greek sculptor and mathematician who is thought to have applied phi to the design of sculptures for the Parthenon. Plato (428 B.C. – 347 B.C.) considered the Gilt ratio to exist the nigh universally binding of mathematical relationships. Later, Euclid (365 B.C. – 300 B.C.) linked the Golden ratio to the construction of a pentagram.


Effectually 1200, mathematician Leonardo Fibonacci discovered the unique properties of the Fibonacci sequence. This sequence ties directly into the Golden ratio because if y’all accept any two successive Fibonacci numbers, their ratio is very shut to the Golden ratio.

That magical ratio

Fibonacci series Series

If you start with the numbers 0 and 1 and make a listing in which each new number is the sum of the previous ii, you lot get a list like this:

0, 1, one, ii, 3, 5, viii, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, … to infinity–>

This is chosen a ‘Fibonacci series’.

If you then accept the ratio of any two sequential numbers in this series, you’ll discover that information technology falls into an increasingly narrow range. The number that this ratio is oscillating around is

Golden rectangle

These numbers tin can be applied to the proportions of a rectangle, (the ratio between its width and height) called the Gilded rectangle. This is known as one of the about visually satisfying of all geometric forms – hence, the appearance of the Gilt ratio in fine art. The following are examples of golden rectangles dimensions:

iii ten two

5 ten iii

8 ten 5

13 x eight

21 x thirteen

34 ten 21

The following are examples of using the gold rectangles in ancient and modernistic buildings:



The Phi Grid (the gilded sections)

In The Phi Grid, nosotros split the frame into sections resulting in a grid that is 1:0.618:1. This upshot in a fix of intersecting lines that is much closer to the heart of the frame. The Aureate Section Rule states that the centre is naturally fatigued the points that prevarication inside this ratio in a photo. In order to achieve this, the motion picture is divided into nine unequal just symmetrical parts with 2 horizontal lines and 2 vertical lines every bit a guide as shown in the post-obit figure:

phi grid

The Fibonacci Spiral

The Gilt spiral appears in all forms of nature and science. Examples are:

  • Flower petals: The number of petals on some flowers follows the Fibonacci sequence. It is believed that in the Darwinian processes, each petal is placed to allow for the all-time possible exposure to sunlight and other factors.


  • Shells: Many shells, including snail shells and nautilus shells, are perfect examples of the Golden Spiral.


  • Hurricanes: Hurricanes often brandish the Golden Screw.


The Fibonacci Spiral is created from a series of squares using Fibonacci’southward numbers, with the length of each square being a Fibonacci number. A series of diagonal points on each square will then create a path for which the screw tin flow through the frame. Using the screw as a tool to compose a photograph volition let the viewer to be led around the prototype in a natural flow.


The equation form looks like this:

a/b = (a+b)/a = 1.618

The gold triangle

The gilt triangle is constructed by cartoon a line from ane corner of the screen to the opposite corner. From this line describe perpendicular lines towards the other remaining corners. You will get 2 large triangles, and ii small triangles.

golden triangle

Finally, I presented to you lot some gilt tools and overlays that are used amongst other tools to brand your photo limerick much better. Likewise, I would similar to inform you that using these overlays tin be adopted during taking photos or they can be also used in the post processing when cropping and editing your final photos.

In that location are many software packages that provide overlays that can friction match any photos sizes, and lots of other options. A well-known software is

PhiMatrix Gold Ratio Blueprint

. A screenshot of the software is shown below:

PhiMatrix menus

Product highlights:

PhiMatrix Golden Ratio Blueprint Software for WINDOWS and MAC. Image design, composition, and analysis software. Make great composition decisions quickly and simply. Overlays whatsoever other software or image. Great compliment to any other prototype editing and analogy software. Customizable grids. Easy, intuitive interface.

  • Recommended for artists, designers, and photographers.
  • Includes all the best and virtually commonly used templates and features of PhiMatrix 1.618 Professional person, likewise as usability enhancements not yet available in Professional. Most important of these is the ability to create unique design templates that combine grids, diagonals and spirals at the same time.
  • Select program options past just clicking on the icons on the toolbar, or customize them by using the pop-upwardly windows available from the Edit carte or by holding the Command/Command central while clicking.

There is another option:

The Adobe Lightroom


Adobe Lightroom

allows you lot to overlay your image with several different guidelines, called Ingather Grid Overlays. The seven available overlays are:

Grid, 3rd, Diagonal, Triangle, Gilded Ratio, Gold Spiral, and Aspects ratios. As shown in the below photo.

lightroom overlays

Yous can select the image you desire to bank check against ane of the bachelor overlays and appoint Crop Tool, which is found correct beneath the Histogram.

In one case the tool has been engaged, notice that the selected image is already overlaid with the default Rule of Thirds Grid Overlay. Hit “O” on your keyboard to toggle between all seven available Filigree Overlays. Use “Shift + O” (Windows PC) to rotate the guidelines. The following photos evidence some images with different overlays.

lightroom overlays

Lightroom overlays

Lightroom overlays

Grid Overlays are very useful to have. However, don’t go cropping all your images to suit any of the specific overlays just for the sake of it thinking it will make your photograph better.

In fact, the photo composition is something you need to call up about as y’all photograph, non whilst post-processing. And then the Crop Grid Overlays are there for fine tuning, non for composing post-capture.

To know how to utilise these aureate ratios in photography composition, you can check the following post:

10 Rules for Photo Composition

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