A baby elephant is called a calf. The male is called a bull, and the female person is called a cow. A group of elephants is usually called a herd. Elephants have one of the most intricate social structures of any species on Earth.
Female elephants don’t usually give birth until they are about xv years old. Meanwhile, males aren’t ready to reproduce until they reach the age of about 30. Once females mature and become mothers, they may take up to 12 calves in their lifetimes, usually waiting a year subsequently birth to go meaning again. The gestation period for an elephant is 22 months.
When the female cow is ready to give birth, she’ll stay close to other trusted females in her herd to receive protection when she does finally go into labor. Birth is quick, and elephants almost always have just i baby. The boilerplate dogie is near 3 feet alpine and weighs effectually 120 pounds. The calf’s mother and other elephants in the herd help it to its feet, and it’s able to stand on its ain within 2 hours of nativity. At nativity, the calf is hairy with a long tail and short trunk.
Infant Elephant’s Kickoff 2 Years
Elephants don’t mature equally quickly every bit many other animals do, and they typically don’t wean themselves from their mother’southward milk until they are about two years old. A few days subsequently nativity, the dogie is strong enough to walk and keep upward its herd, although the females in the herd may slow their pace to help any new babies keep up with them. During those early months, the dogie’southward mother and the other females in the herd guide it, educational activity it which plants are OK to eat and how to stay condom from predators. Subsequently six months, the calf begins eating vegetation in addition to its mother’southward milk.
Adult elephants are the largest state mammal on Earth. They tin abound to exist up to xiii feet at the shoulders and more 14,000 pounds. They can live up to 70 years.
Female-dominated Herds and an Elephant’s Social Life
Having family and friends around as part of the herd is important to the elephant’s life. They live in female-dominant herds, often casting out males who get off to live alone or in smaller groups. The herd’south oldest female is normally its leader. Her chore is to aid with socialization, survival, and finding food and h2o. Herds typically consist of upwardly to 20 elephants.
Elephants are said to exist kind and intelligent, and they greet each other with their trunks. They can place a friendly elephant up to 2 miles away through depression sounds and rumbles. Other traits elephants show that aren’t always mutual in the animal kingdom are problem-solving, mourning, and empathy.
Types of Elephants
While there are several subspecies of elephants, there are only ii species. African elephants tend to be larger and alive longer. Every bit the proper noun suggests, they live primarily in almost 37 African countries. Asian elephants are smaller and have a slightly shorter lifespan. They live in at to the lowest degree 13 Asian countries.
Asian elephants typically live in the continent’s forests and rainforests. African elephants live throughout sub-Saharan Africa. They thrive in hot conditions where they have access to plenty of vegetation. When water is thin, elephants tin stomp the ground to find cloak-and-dagger streams.
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