How to draw with pen
Artists & Illustrators
| Tue 7th Apr 2020
Whether you adopt ballpoints, fountain pens, felt-tips or fineliners, this guide provides everything yous need to know about cartoon with pen
Drawing with pen is a low-price, convenient and evocative art form. And unbeknown to most beginners is the variety of mark-making possibilities the medium offers.
Not merely does this guide prove yous how to use pen to create shape, form and tone, information technology also reveals what pens tin be used for cartoon. Simply to annotation – they are all portable pens that draw from an internal reservoir of ink, in contrast to dip pens and brushes that crave a separate pot of ink.
WHAT PENS CAN I USE FOR DRAWING?
one. Fountain pens
Fountain pens with nibs that are suitable for cartoon are expensive, refillable and a portable culling to a dip pen. Their lines vary with the angle at which they are held and also the pressure level placed on the nib, which splays the tines of the pen, dispensing more ink to the page.
two. Fude neb pens
Fude nibs are a rare and versatile variation on a fountain pen – the bent tips brand a broader, brush-like marking that varies with the bending of the pen and they tin be flipped for a finer line.
3. Felt-tip pens
Felt-tip pens come up in a variety of widths and create a bold line that starts dense and solid when the pen is new and becomes lighter and broken as the pen runs out of ink. This creates a new type of mark which tin can potentially be used to dandy effect. The width of the felt-tip marker will vary with pressure and pen angle.
4. Fineliner pen
Fineliners are dispensable and affordable drawing pens, which are sold by line width (oft ranging from 0.05mm to 1mm) and make a consistent, fifty-fifty marker. The plastic nibs gradually vesture down, creating an angled or flat nib over time, and eventually wearing back to the metal when they should be thrown away. Technical drawing pens with steel nibs are an expensive, refillable alternative that won’t wear down.
5. Ballpoint pens
Ubiquitous, dispensable and cheap, ballpoint pens are liable to be your most readily attainable writing and drawing medium. Ballpoint pens make a fine, occasionally unreliable marking that can be varied with pressure level.
HOW DO You lot VARY THE MARKS?
Experiment with property your pen in different ways to create a wider variety of line. Gripping the pen as if you were writing will provide control and suits short, consistent marks. Meanwhile, a looser pinch of the butt further from the tip reduces control and creates a more gestural and varied mark.
Hatching involves building upwards parallel marks of varying density. Experiment with horizontal, vertical and diagonal hatching or a mixture of all three.
Blocks of hatching tin be layered in different directions to create areas of increasingly dense tone.
Equally you lot become more confident with cross hatching, adapt your lines into curved marks that follow the form of an object and suggest rounded surfaces. This can simultaneously build up darker tones and sculpt form on the page.
HOW CAN I USE PEN TO DRAW?
In this fountain pen study of a hand, you can run into how to put hatched marks into practice.
i. Initial drawing
A swift, gestural sketch establishes the overall shape of the hands.
2. Defining shape
Refine the edges of the hand in pencil.
Describe over the pencil contours in pen, erasing the former when the ink is dry.
Use parallel marks to constitute simple tones over the unabridged image.
v. Exploring form
Explore the surface of the form with sculpted, curving lines.
six. Cantankerous hatching
Layer marks in varying directions to create darker tones.
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