Micro 4 3 Or Aps C

By | 08/10/2022

If you don’t have fourth dimension to read this article in full, and then the basic differences betwixt micro 4/iii vs APS C cameras is that micro 4 thirds offers a lighter photographic camera more suitable for travel and for daily utilize, while APS-C cameras are better where image quality and the utilise of extreme wide-angle lenses is necessary.

When looking at the smaller camera formats, both micro 4/iii (too known as MFT or micro four thirds) and APS-C cameras appear among the well-about popular models on offer, just what is the difference between them?

This article covers the pros and cons of MFT vs APS C, along with descriptions and examples of each, and so that y’all tin can exist sure which of these more portable formats is right for you lot and your photography.

What is a Micro 4/3 vs APS C Sensor?

When y’all meet micro four 3 or APS C in a photographic camera clarification, this refers to the size of the sensor. Sensor size has a number of knock-on furnishings to how a camera behaves and handles, which are covered beneath.

In full full general, a larger sensor size is better for image quality, merely at the expense of portability and price.

Micro 4/three Sensor

The starting time micro 4/3 cameras were just released in 2008, from a standard developed by Olympus and Panasonic for their iterations of mirrorless cameras.

The micro iv thirds sensor size is 17.three mm broad × 13.0 mm high (21.6 mm on the diagonal), which is comparable to the 110 cartridge motion picture developed by Kodak.

A micro 4/iii sensor gets its proper substantive because this width and acme is in the four:3 attribute ratio, which is the standard medium format ratio. Standard DSLRs and cameras that use 35mm picture prove accept a three:ii aspect ratio, and then comparing the micro four thirds vs APS C cameras, the micro four thirds cameras are improve suited for making prints at standard medium format sizes like half-dozen x 4.5 inches.

You might accept heard of the four thirds organization (without the micro in front end), which is an older system from Olympus, originally designed for DSLRs.

This 4/three system needed infinite for the reflex mirror of the DSLR, which is non nowadays in mirrorless cameras.

Therefore, comparing micro iv/iii vs 4/3, the sensor size is the same, simply there is no longer any space left between the lens mount and the sensor for this mirror or pentaprism, significant that cameras using micro iv/iii can exist fabricated much smaller and tin can fit a much wider range of lenses, fifty-l from third-party manufacturers with the necessary adapters.

APSC Sensor Size

The APS-C sensor is from an older organisation, originally designed for film cameras and which has at nowadays been repurposed for digital utilize, especially for DLSRs, only also for some mirrorless cameras.

The APSC sensor size is 25.one mm wide × 16.seven mm loftier

in virtually cases, giving information technology a 3:ii attribute ratio to lucifer standard 35 mm film, and making it most suitable for standard print sizes for picture, like six 10 four inches.

Canon brand slightly smaller APS-C sensors, at 22.3 mm broad ten xiv.ix mm loftier, just this maintains the iii:ii attribute ratio.

Both of these sizes are smaller still than the original APS-C moving picture that was produced from 1996 by Kodak, and significantly smaller than 35 mm film, simply comparing APS C vs micro four thirds, the APS-C size is 86% larger than an MFT sensor.

APS-C and Micro iv/iii Size Comparing

You tin directly compare the existent sensor sizes of APS-C and MFT sensors in the epitome below, with a full frame, 35mm sensor size equally comparison.

Y’all can see that micro four thirds sensors are significantly smaller than APS-C, and y’all tin see their dissimilar aspect ratio. The implications of this are discussed beneath.

Micro 4 3 vs APS C sensor size comparison
Comparison of the APS-C sizes to Micro 4/3 and standard 35mm picture show

Field of View & Crop Factor Comparisons

The main consequence of the different sensor sizes seen above is seen in their relative fields of view, otherwise known as a crop cistron.

Yous nearly probably already know that the shorter the focal length, the wider the field of view. This is why brusk lenses, such as those with a focal length of 24mm, are also referred to every fleck wide angle lenses.

Simply, the actual field of view that you lot run across through the lens is dependent on the sensor size.

This is because a standard lens casts a circle of low-cal onto the image sensor, which is and then recorded to make your image, but a smaller sensor can merely use the almost key office of this circle of light.

This has the aforementioned consequence as zooming in, and means that smaller sensors accept a smaller field of view with the same lens. Y’all can see an instance of this in the paradigm below.

APS C vs Micro Four Thirds Crop Factors and Fields of View
Comparing of field of view for APS-C vs Micro Four Thirds, if the lensman keeps the aforementioned focal length and is in the same position.

This reduced field of view with smaller sensors is most unremarkably referred to every bit a crop factor. This is displayed equally a number that shows how much yous must multiply the full frame focal length by in social club to go far at the apparent focal length for your smaller sensor.

The ingather factors for the APS-C and MFT cameras are:

  • Total Frame = ane
  • Nikon, Pentax & Sony

    APS-C = 1.5
  • Canon APS-C = ane.6
  • Micro Four Thirds (Panasonic & Olympus) = ii

Then, a 24mm lens used on a total frame photographic photographic camera would have an apparent focal length of 24mm, every bit expected as this is the reference to which we compare other sensor sizes.

The aforementioned 24mm lens used on a Nikon APS-C photographic camera would take an credible focal length of 24 ten i.5 = 36mm.

And on the Catechism APS-C photographic camera, the 24mm lens would accept an apparent focal length of 24 10 one.one-half dozen = 38.4mm.

Finally, the an Olympus Micro Four Thirds camera using the 24mm lens would accept an apparent focal length of 24 x 2 = 48mm.

Depth of Field

Although depth of field is not a primary concern for well-nearly photographers, data technology is useful to know that in full general, smaller sensors consequence in a larger depth of field.

This means that the surface area that is ‘in focus’ is increased with a smaller sensor for the same focal length and aperture,
where the subject is in the same position in the frame.

This is considering in order to go the field of study to fill the frame in the aforementioned fashion, you volition take to move further away with a camera with a smaller sensor, which increases the depth of field. This is straight connected to the ingather cistron seen above.

Of form, y’all tin ever open up up up the aperture to subtract depth of field, and so this isn’t a big result in do, merely might aid sway your conclusion if you are a portrait photographer.

Resolution & Pixel Size

Resolution of a camera is measured in pixels, with each of the pixels seen in your photo file corresponding to a concrete pixel on the sensor.

Pixel size is not stock-still, with some models of camera having larger or smaller pixels even within the aforementioned camera format due to differing resolutions, just in general, APS-C cameras tend to accept smaller pixels in their near recent models, due to sensor innovation.

For example, the Canon M6 Marker Two, an APS-C camera, has a pixel size of 3.20µm from a 32.v megapixel resolution, while the Olympus OM-D Due east-M1, a micro four/3 camera, has a pixel size of 3.72µm from a xvi.3 megapixel resolution.

Merely why does this matter?

But put, the larger the resolution, the better the prototype item a camera can tape, but this also applies to pixel size.

That means that the larger the private pixels on a sensor, the better for low calorie-gratuitous functioning, for reducing noise and for increased dynamic range.

And so ideally you want a photographic camera with both a large resolution and a big pixel size.

In general, a physically larger sensor volition accept larger pixels for the same resolution, meaning APS-C sensors are amend for paradigm quality. They besides tend to offering college resolutions due to their increased size.

Overall Size & Portability

If y’all are looking for a camera for travel, and so information engineering science pays to get for something both pocket-size and portable. In that location’s zippo worse than leaving your large, heavy camera at home and missing a photo, when you lot could hands take taken a minor, pocket sized photographic camera, albeit one with slightly worse prototype quality, that would have got you that motion-flick evidence.

In nigh cases,
a larger sensor such as that on APS-C cameras, ways that the camera itself will be both larger and heavier.

If you lot are concerned at all about portability, and so micro 4/3 is the way to go, or you could get for even smaller sensor sizes for a truly portable photographic photographic camera, with something similar a i/2.iii″ sensor. Cameras in this bracket are covered in my article on the all-time cameras nether $300.

Lens Compatibility

Non only does a larger sensor hateful a larger photographic camera torso, it too ofttimes means larger lenses.

Micro iv/three cameras not merely benefit from smaller lenses than APS-C cameras, only because of the specific compages of the lens mountain, information technology is possible to apply many brands of lenses outside of the standard Olympus and Panasonic lenses, with the advisable adapter.

This is particularly useful if y’all intend to look for cheaper, used lenses from older camera systems, equally it can really reduce the overall price of your photographic camera organisation.

APS-C cameras can of grade employ lenses exterior of their own system, but you are much more than limited with your choice.

Micro 4 Thirds vs APS C: Pros & Cons

So after roofing all of the master differences betwixt micro iv thirds vs APS-C cameras, what are the overall pros and cons of each, and in what situation would you want either?

Micro iv/3 Pros:

  • 4:iii attribute ratio is meliorate suited for press photos at standard medium format sizes, similar 6×four.five inches.
  • You tin can use a wide range of 3rd-political party lenses from the past and present with appropriate adapters, comprising hundreds of lenses, many for cameras no longer in production and available for a very low cost.
  • Lenses tin be much smaller and shorter for the aforementioned apparent focal length, also reducing their cost.
  • Photographic camera bodies tend to be much lighter and more than portable.
  • The smaller sensor generates less oestrus, which tin help reduce racket in long exposures.
  • Increased depth of field ways that you lot are meliorate placed for landscape photography, specially without a tripod.

Micro four/3 Cons:

  • Smaller sensor size ways that image quality doesn’t quite friction match APS-C in most cases.
  • Big 2x crop cistron ways that it is difficult to go ultra-broad angle lenses.
  • There are no models with optical viewfinders – merely electronic viewfinders.
  • But two real manufacturers of camera bodies in Olympus and Panasonic, pregnant not many use cases are catered for.

APS-C Pros:

  • iii:2 aspect ratio is amend suited for printing photos at standard 35mm photograph sizes, like 6×4 inches.
  • Larger sensor size ways amend image quality, often coupled with larger pixels.
  • Less noise and more dynamic range in full general, although micro iv thirds cameras might trounce this in long exposure images.
  • Both mirrorless and traditional DSLR models are bachelor with this sensor size, significant there are many more possible use cases.
  • Smaller depth of field is improve suited to wedding and portrait photographers.
  • A very popular sensor size that doesn’t look like information technology will be discontinued any time shortly.
  • Easier to get an farthermost broad-angle lens.

APS-C Cons:

  • You lot don’t accept the same broad range of older lenses bachelor every bit for MFT cameras.
  • Larger lenses and photographic camera bodies makes these models less portable and more than expensive.
  • Many would be better off either choosing a full frame camera or M43, every bit some of these models are a flake stuck on the argue in terms of what they want to exercise.

I hope that this has helped make the differences and similarities betwixt micro iv thirds and APS C cameras clear in your minds. Either of them are excellent choices for most photographers,
with micro 4/three ultimately better if you lot will be travelling or using your camera abroad from home for long periods of fourth dimension, and APS-C better for situations where image quality is key.

Only you don’t simply accept to consider APS-C or M43 cameras, at that place are also full frame models bachelor. Comparing full frame vs micro 4/iii for mural photography, at that place is no contest in full frame cameras offering improve paradigm quality and better overall functioning. Take a look at some of my photos, all taken with a full frame camera for proof!

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Source: https://fusiontr.com/micro-4-3-or-aps-c/