This chapter is from the volume
M: Transmission Manner
In one case upon a time, long before digital cameras and plan modes, there was transmission mode. Only in those days it wasn’t called “transmission mode,” because there were no other modes. It was just photography. In fact, many photographers cut their teeth on completely manual cameras. Let’s confront it—if you desire to learn the effects of aperture and shutter speed on your photography, there is no better way to learn than by setting these adjustments yourself. However, today, with the advancement of camera engineering, many new photographers never give this mode a 2nd thought. That’s truly a shame, as information technology is non only an excellent way to larn your photography nuts, it’southward also an essential tool to take in your photographic bag of tricks.
When you lot accept your camera set to Manual (Thou) manner, the camera meter will requite yous a reading of the scene you are photographing, but it’s your job to actually set both the f-stop (aperture) and the shutter speed to achieve a right exposure. If y’all demand a faster shutter speed, you will have to brand the reciprocal modify to your f-terminate. Using any other mode, such equally Shutter or Aperture Priority, would mean that you but take to worry nigh one of these changes, simply Transmission fashion requires you to do information technology all yourself. This tin be a petty challenging at beginning, but subsequently a while you volition take a consummate understanding of how each change affects your exposure, which volition in turn amend the way that you use the other modes.
When to utilize Transmission mode
When learning how each exposure element interacts with the others (Effigy 4.12)
The camera was fix to Manual so I could expose properly for the vivid lights while still using a slow plenty shutter to enhance the feeling of motion that exists in Times Square.
ISO 100 • 0.6 sec. • f/22 • 80mm lens
When shooting silhouetted subjects, which requires overriding the photographic camera’s meter readings (Effigy iv.13)
I used the spot meter on the bright background and adjusted exposure manually to put the subject into silhouette.
ISO 200 • 1/eighty sec. • f/eight • 200mm lens
When your surround is fooling your low-cal meter and y’all demand to maintain a sure exposure setting (Figure 4.14)
Beaches and snow are e’er a challenge for calorie-free meters. Add together to that the desire to have exact command of depth of field and shutter speed, and you have a perfect scenario for Manual manner.
ISO 100 • 2 sec. • f/eight • 40mm lens
Setting upwards and shooting in Manual style
- Turn your camera on. Press the Mode dial release lock, and turn the Manner dial to marshal the
with the indicator line.
- Gear up your ISO by pressing the ISO button; select the appropriate setting by looking at the ISO readout on the command panel or by looking at the info display on the rear LCD monitor.
- Point the camera at your subject, then actuate the camera meter past depressing the shutter push button halfway.
- View the exposure information in the bottom area of the viewfinder or by pressing the info push button on the dorsum of the camera and looking at the info display on the rear LCD monitor.
While the meter is activated, use your index finger to roll the Main Command punch left and right to alter your shutter speed value until the exposure mark is lined up with the zero marker. The exposure data is displayed in the viewfinder, and on the rear LCD later pressing the info push (Figure 4.15), by a calibration with marks that run from –3 to +3 stops. A proper exposure will line up with the taller mark in the heart. Every bit the indicator moves to the left, it is a sign that you volition be underexposing (non enough light on the sensor to provide adequate exposure). Motion the indicator to the right and you will be providing more than exposure than the camera meter calls for; this is overexposure.
Use the over/under scale to find your exposure settings.
- To set your exposure using the aperture, depress the shutter release button until the meter is activated. Then rotate the Sub-command punch to change the aperture. Rotate correct for a smaller aperture (large f-end number) and left for a larger aperture (small f-stop number).