Pictures Of Different Types Of Horses

By | 10/08/2022

If you are interested in buying your beginning horse – or even if you are an experienced owner or rider and are looking to purchase a new animal – i of the nearly important things to consider is the breed.

Many distinct breeds exist, and each has its own characteristics, both physically and in terms of personality and demeanor.

So to help you empathise the difference between the diverse types of horse, here’s our guide to the most pop horse breeds to ensure you pick the i that’s virtually suitable for you.

The Almost Pop Horse Breeds & Types of Horses

1. Arabian


The Arabian Horse is one of the oldest breeds in the earth and is descended from the horses bred in the harsh climate of the Arabian Peninsula hundreds of years ago.

Back and then, Bedouin tribesmen would accept their horses into their tents at night to proceed them safe. This meant a cooperative temperament, an power to form close bonds with humans and a willingness to live in close proximity with people were essential traits – and these characteristics also make them a popular choice today.

At the aforementioned fourth dimension, these horses were bred for intertribal warfare and raids, so they are also intelligent and spirited animals, which means they are less recommended for inexperienced owners.

With its distinctive head shape and high tail carriage, the Arabian Horse is undeniably amidst the about elegant and handsome of all horses. They have infrequent stamina, and although they tin exist fast in a sprint, they come up into their own when racing over longer distances.

ii. Thoroughbred


The Thoroughbred has its origins in 17th– and 18th-century England and is a breed that is descended from the warhorses of the Medieval period.

At a time when horses no longer needed to carry knights in armor into battle, Arabian, Turkoman and Barb stallions were brought over to England to brood with local mares. This was done to create a lighter, faster and more agile mount.

All modern Thoroughbreds can trace their lineage back to three famous horses, the Byerly Turk, the Darley Arabian and the Godolphin Arabian.

The Thoroughbred is known as ane of the fastest breeds in the world and dominates in events of around 6-10 furlongs (0.75-1.25 miles ane.2-2km). The official holder of the record for the fastest equus caballus of all time belongs to a Thoroughbred named Winning Brew that was clocked at a speed of 43.97mph.

Thoroughbreds are a hotblooded breed and have a lively, spirited personality, making them less suitable for novice owners. Withal, their prowess in racing ensures their place on the list of the most popular horses – and the fastest individuals are also counted among the globe’s well-nigh valuable.

3. American Quarter Equus caballus

American Quarter Horse

Although the Thoroughbred is recognized as the fastest horse over distances of around a mile, the king of the short sprint is undeniably the American Quarter Horse. It gets its proper noun from its ability to reach extreme speeds over the quarter mile, and they have been clocked galloping as fast as 55mph over brusk distances.

The American Quarter line includes a certain amount of Thoroughbred blood, but due to their capacity for dispatch and loftier speeds over limited distances, they are more prized for western riding disciplines such as butt racing. They are too a common option equally a working ranch horse.

These horses are also popular for a range of other disciplines and equestrian activities, and with around three million currently registered, they comfortably take their place amid the most popular breeds in the earth.

4. American Paint Horse

American Paint Horse

The American Paint Horse is closely related to the American Quarter Equus caballus, and a simplified version of its history is that some owners continued to breed these bonny animals when their distinctive patterns were alleged as making them ineligible for registration every bit Quarter Horses.

This means they share many of the characteristics of American Quarters – equally well every bit Thoroughbreds – just also accept a coloring that is, to some people at least, highly bonny.

Like Quarters, they are popular as rodeo horses and are regularly used for western riding disciplines. Their bodies and temperament are similar to the Quarter Equus caballus, and they are as well commonly used as stock horses on ranches.

As a event of its physical prowess, its usefulness and its attractive advent, it is unsurprising that this breed has gone on to get 1 of the nigh pop in North America.

5. Friesian

Friesian 1

The Friesian is officially a draft equus caballus from holland, although for a working equus caballus of this blazon, it has a relatively slight frame. It is an elegant and agile horse with a docile temperament, making it a versatile beast that has many uses, both in harness and under saddle.

Friesians are usually establish pulling carriages, both competitively and recreationally, merely they also excel in contest, peculiarly dressage. Due to their handsome, charismatic advent combined with their calm nature, they are also commonly used in Idiot box and movie theatre. They have a suitably impressive look for the camera only are usually unflustered by the commotion commonly institute on ready.

For these reasons, they are a popular breed the earth over – especially in kingdom of the netherlands, where they account for around seven percent of the country’s horses.

half dozen. Andalusian

Andalusian 1

The Andalusian Horse, also known every bit the Pure Castilian Horse or the PRE, standing for
pura raza española
in Castilian, takes its name from the region of Andalusia in the s of Espana. It’south another ancient breed and is descended from the Spanish warhorses of the xvthursday
century – and the modernistic equus caballus is thought to take changed little in the intervening years.

It is an elegant, handsome breed with a long mane and tail, and they are docile and intelligent, making them relatively like shooting fish in a barrel to keep and look after.

They are prized for their agility and responsiveness and are commonly encountered in disciplines such as dressage, showjumping and driving, in which they excel. Earlier uses for this brood include working as stock horses and as mounts for
in bullfighting.

Despite their many desirable traits and their attractive appearance, in that location are idea to be fewer than 200,000 Andalusians in the globe, so while they are undoubtedly a popular equus caballus, they are non counted amid the nigh numerous.

7. Selle français

Selle français

This brood from France was created in 1958 when the stud books of several other breeds were combined to make a “unified” sport equus caballus. This was at a time when the traditional piece of work done past horses was increasingly being taken over by machines, and more and more, horses were existence kept for sporting purposes alone.

They share some of their bloodlines and ancestry with breeds like the Thoroughbred and the American Quarter Horse, although they can’t match either for pure speed. Notwithstanding, they perform exceptionally in disciplines where more than finesse is required, and they are commonly used for events such as prove jumping and dressage.

Several horses of this breed accept been ridden to Olympic gold in diverse events, especially by riders from France. This kind of success is largely due to their lively demeanor and responsive disposition, character traits that also make them popular with private owners.

8. Standardbred


The Standardbred is best known every bit a horse that performs well in harness racing. This is because it is amidst the very fastest horses – if not
fastest – at a trot. Trotting Standardbreds have been clocked at speeds of up to 30mph.

Equally well as being pacy trotters, they too benefit from traits such as having a friendly nature, being highly versatile and being willing to learn, and as such, they are a popular horse in many other areas also. They are particularly suitable for beginners since they are a very easy equus caballus to ride.

nine. Appaloosa


Appaloosas are amidst the most popular of North America’s horse breeds, and they are likewise one of the most distinctive. This is considering they are one of the few breeds that can show leopard complex patterns, and many of these horses display attractive and unique combinations of spots.

This breed is descended from the horses brought over to the Americas by the Spanish. Those animals were then selectively bred past the Native American Nez Perce tribe to go a type of equus caballus that was particularly well suited to hunting.

Nowadays, they are known for their strength, speed and stamina, and they are most commonly used for western riding disciplines as well equally for trail riding.

ten. Morgan Horse

Morgan Horse

The Morgan Horse is one of the oldest American breeds and dates dorsum to a stallion named Figure, a horse that was owned by a breeder named Justin Morgan, hence the name.

Morgans are prized as ane of the most versatile of all breeds and accept been used for a wide range of tasks through the years. During the American Civil State of war, they were used every bit cavalry chargers by both sides, and they also make excellent motorcoach horses, riding horses or horses for harness racing.

Although not the most numerous breed past global population – at probably fewer than 200,000 worldwide, they are comparable to Andalusians in this respect – they are withal a pop and beloved horse in the United states.

11. Shetland Pony

Shetland Pony

The Shetland Pony originated in the Shetland Isles to the northeast of mainland Scotland, where the often harsh climate helped create a strong and hardy animal. Small horses were kept in the Shetlands from the Bronze Historic period, and the modern Shetland Pony probably besides shares some blood with Scandinavian and Celtic pony breeds.

Nowadays, they are known for their diminutive size, cute appearance, resilient nature and loftier degree of intelligence. They are suitable to be ridden by children upwards to around 16 years old, and they can become cherished pets. Due to their intelligence, they are too usually trained as play a joke on ponies.

There are thought to exist effectually 100,000 purebred Shetlands in the world today, and they are a popular creature with practically anybody who comes into contact with them.

12. Mustang


Few horses are as evocative of the old Wild West and the pioneer spirit as the Mustang. Although these horses are oft thought of every bit wild, their ancestors were the horses brought over to the Americas by the Spanish, so equally the descendants of domesticated horses, they are technical “feral”.

However, tame Mustangs can exist adopted, and many of them are magnificent animals, making them a popular option.

As well equally the claret of the original Spanish horses, Mustangs also contain a certain amount of Thoroughbred and American Quarter blood, although since they breed in the wild, there is considerable variation from horse to horse and herd to herd.

Mustangs commonly possess impressive speed and stamina, and almost are as well friendly and calm. Thanks to the pressures of natural selection, most of them are besides salubrious and robust animals. However, since the breed is not controlled, some can be fiery and wild, so they might not always exist the best option for rookie owners.

13. Belgian Horse

Belgian Horse

The Belgian Equus caballus – or Belgian Draft – is closely related to the Brabant Horse, and the two breeds only diverged in the 1940s. Brabants were bred in Kingdom of belgium, where a thicker, stockier stature was preferred – whereas in the US, they were bred to exist taller and lighter.

This has led to a slightly confusing situation where the “Belgian” is actually an American brood while the Brabant is the breed from Belgium.

This aside, the Belgian has established itself equally one of the well-nigh popular typhoon horses in America. They are still used as workhorses, only they are more commonly encountered in shows equally well as being used for riding.

14. Percheron

Percheron 1

Like the Belgian, the Percheron is another draft horse with European origins, this time coming from France.

Like many larger breeds of equus caballus, they are descended from the warhorses of the Center Ages, and in one case big horses were no longer required to carry knights in armor into battle, they found new work equally coach horses, in agriculture and pulling heavy goods.

In the 19th
century, Arabian blood was added to the line, and before the start of the First World State of war, many were beingness sent to the US. The state of war saw an end to the export of Percherons, but they remained a popular brood in the States, making upwards effectually 70% of the American draft horse population by the 1930s.

Nowadays, there are far fewer Percherons than before, both in the US and in France, only they continue to be registered in both countries, and the breed is considered to be “recovering” afterwards a previous decline.

Percherons tin can be ridden, merely they are also an excellent choice of carriage horse. 30% of the horses at Disneyland in Paris are Percherons, where they are used to pull trams.

The Percheron is considered the nearly famous likewise every bit the about numerous of the typhoon breeds from France.

15. Mongolian Horse

Mongolian Horse

Although not a common horse outside of the country, over 3 1000000 of these horses live in Mongolia – a greater number than the human population – so past the raw figures solitary, this is i of the about pop, or at least the near common, horses in the earth.

Mongolian horses are semi-wild, living outdoors year-round in a country where summer temperatures tin can exceed 86°F (30°C) and winter temperatures frequently dip to -40°F (-40°C).

Unsurprisingly, this kind of climate has fabricated the Mongolian Equus caballus an incredibly resilient breed, and information technology is too 1 with scarcely believable levels of stamina.

These horses are descended from those ridden by Genghis Khan and his warriors, and the modernistic-day version features in the Mongolian Derby, at 625 miles (one,000km) in length, the globe’due south longest horse race.

So all in all, a spectacular beast, even if y’all’ll probably have to travel to Mongolia to run across one!

16. Hanoverian

Hanoverian (2)

Hanoverians are potent, agile and elegant horses that are especially suited to riding disciplines such as show jumping, eventing and dressage. They have been ridden to gold medal placings in the Olympics in several different events.

The breed began in 1735 when Rex George II of England founded a stud in Lower Saxony in Deutschland. He bred the local mares with some of the best stallions from other breeds, somewhen producing an animal that became established equally one of the nigh sought-afterward motorcoach horse breeds in Europe.

Hanoverians continued to develop, and at various times were besides prized equally military horses and animals for subcontract work.

They have among the nearly detailed records of any breed, and they generally have fantabulous health since genetic problems have been bred out. This is another gene that contributes to their popularity, although high-quality Hanoverians certainly don’t come inexpensive.

17. Tennessee Walker

Tennessee Walker

The Tennessee Walker is best known for its unique four-trounce running walk, which has the same footfall blueprint as a regular walk but that allows the horse to move much faster.

The breed is a popular show equus caballus, actualization in a wide range of events, and information technology is besides usually used for trail riding.

Aside from its success every bit a prove horse, information technology is appreciated for its calm disposition, its polish gait and its sure-footedness, all of which brand it useful on a range of terrains as well as being a suitable equus caballus for relative beginners.

This breed has its origins in the southern United states, hence the name, and was originally used on plantations and for farm work.

eighteen. Holsteiner


Possibly the oldest of the warmblood breeds, the Holsteiner originated in the Schleswig-Holstein region of northern Germany as far dorsum every bit the 13th
century. They were originally bred more every bit double-decker horses than for riding, simply nowadays they are most prized for their performance in jumping competitions, in which they have had considerable success.

This brood doesn’t have a unmarried easily defined temperament, and horses with a range of personalities can be plant. This can also depend on the particular line within the Holstein breed.

In terms of population, these horses are not among the most numerous, but for their prowess equally jumping horses, they are specially sought-after. This makes them an extremely popular – albeit expensive – breed among riders involved in jumping events, although less so amongst the general riding public.

xix. Miniature horse

Miniature horse

The miniature equus caballus is unique on our list because this term doesn’t refer to just one breed. Rather, information technology is a type of horse that encompasses several different breeds.

Miniature horses, equally can be inferred from the name, are characterized by their atomic size – they usually have a summit of no more than about 34–38in (86–97cm) at the withers.

There is some confusion over the difference betwixt miniature horses and ponies since ponies are also usually divers by their reduced stature. However, ponies are usually stockier, with shorter legs relative to their height and thicker bodies. Miniature horses, on the other hand, await just like full-sized horses in every other way – except they are simply smaller.

This means they are usually registered as horses, fifty-fifty though their height would suggest they should be called ponies.

That said, there is some overlap, and the distinction betwixt the 2 is blurred; some controversy remains over what constitutes a miniature horse and what should be classed as a pony.

Since they are too small to ride, miniature horses are usually kept as pets or companion animals and are too unremarkably kept equally prove animals. All the same, if you are looking for an animate being to ride, even for small children, a miniature horse would not be the right choice.

A wide range of animals to suit whatever rider

As you can see from our list, many breeds of popular horses exist in a range of shapes and sizes and with varying temperaments and physical attributes that will suit almost any passenger.

This means whether you need a equus caballus for full general riding, showjumping, racing or anything else, there’s sure to exist a horse for you.

The all-time advice before choosing a horse is to think carefully virtually the attributes you value most and which type of riding you need it for and then to cull the best breed appropriately.