Computers like everything else have a lifespan. It doesn’t matter how much you spend on information technology, or how well you take intendance of information technology. When a estimator begins to shows signs of “dying,” you should take activeness to protect information technology before information technology is also late.
With my 30 years of computer repair experience, I can say that the average PC lasts only iii to 5 years.
I take had situations where
regular maintenance and luck
helped me get just over 8 years, only that is very rare.
When your computer shows signs of not working besides as information technology used to, this does not imply that it is “dying.” It’s a sign that the software, component, or malware has strained your figurer’s capabilities.
This commodity will go over
mutual software and hardware failures
that cause your reckoner to appear to exist “dying.” Nosotros’ll show you lot some troubleshooting techniques to aid you figure out what’s incorrect and how to gear up information technology.
Signs That Your Computer Is Dying
Importance of Cooling Your Figurer(Overheating)
When yous use your computer, you lot’ll notice it starts heating upwards subsequently a brusk time. The
amount of rut generated
by the computer is determined by
each component within the PC. The processor and GPU generally produce a lot more than rut than other components and typically crave
to pull the rut away.
To create proper airflow, the CPU and GPU
heatsinks and fans will push heat away
from their components. The forepart fans push cool (clean) air over the motherboard and components toward the rear fans that extract the dirty (heated) air from the case. Over time, these heat extractors go covered in dust and lint, causing issues with their efficiency.
Solution i: Compressed Air
Use compressed air that can be
easily purchased in cans
at a local hardware or electronics store, to remove grit from the cooling components of your computer. Remove the sides of the case and examine the forepart and rear fans of the case, if these
fans are blocked by any dust, you will need to clean them thoroughly with air.
Solution ii: Clean CPU Heatsink & Fan
Clean the CPU and cooler. You might accept to remove the cooler from the CPU to properly clean the fan and heatsink.
Exist extremely careful
non to damage the heatsink or fan. Make clean and use new thermal paste to the CPU, and re-attach the libation. Once all dust is removed and the fans move freely y’all’re good.
Solution 3: Clean the GPU & remainder of the instance
Carefully remove the graphics card, and using the canned air,
(across the fan & heatsink)
do not spray downward
as this forces the dust to settle on the lesser of the heatsink. Yous want to lift the dust outward to remove it. You tin also use a small paintbrush and carefully grit the entire card including the fan and heatsink besides.
It is entirely possible that y’all don’t have a GPU carte du jour, and you have inbuilt graphics. In that case, y’all will utilize the compressed air on the remainder of the case while also spraying on the entire motherboard.
Strange Noises From Your Difficult Drive
If y’all are hearing foreign noises such as
grinding or clicking sounds
coming from your calculator, then there is a high probability it is from the hard drive. The unfortunate truth about mechanical difficult drives is that they are
prone to wear out due to moving parts. The sounds indicate in that location could be a mechanical effect with one or more of the platters or even the motor inside the drive.
Solution 1: Cheque for HD failure
Fortunately, the Windows OS features an astonishing tool that will help scan your drive for errors called
Disk Mistake Checking. To begin,
correct-click on the drive
that you want to check and select
Backdrop. Side by side, click on the
Tools tab, and under
check button. Now Windows will check the drive for
file system errors.
If it detects errors, you will be asked to check the disk. The results can take a while but in my experience, if information technology detects errors, I would recommend purchasing a new hard drive. Once your new difficult drive has arrived, follow this guide on How to practise a Clean Install of Windows.
Solution 2: Save Everything
If you are lucky, you
might be able to save everything, if not part of the files on your hard drive before they are completely unrecoverable.
Issues with File Corruption
A general sign of file and program corruption is that files of a sudden don’t open, only open on occasions, freeze, or even stops working altogether. The problem is, that these issues may or may not e’er be followed by an error bulletin.
File and program abuse can be caused by many factors including
viruses or malware, overheating components, power surges, or outages caused by storms
that instantly shut downwardly your PC without saving any data. The file or programme abuse arises during the save process, and if your programs are saving in the groundwork and your computer shuts down during that process, the
“saved file” will get corrupted.
Solution 1: Find & remove any malware
If you are finding that files and applications are non opening correctly, the outset step is to rule out malware. If y’all are using Windows 10, you should have access to Windows Defender or whatever other installed upwards-to-date AntiVirus program.
- Perform a
Full System Scan
and look for results. If no viruses or malware are found, get to the next step.
- The next step is to download the Malwarebytes trial program and run a deep scan to ensure the malware is not subconscious inside your PC. This program’southward trial is completely free and it is my favorite tool to use in this situation. This plan will
destroy ransomware, spyware, viruses, and any malware
present on your PC. I proceed this around when troubleshooting any PC. If Malwarebytes or your AntiVirus observe no infections, movement to footstep 2.
Solution 2: Bank check organisation reliability
The second step involves evaluating your difficult bulldoze. Windows has a couple of tools to help you troubleshoot your issues.
Solution 3: Check your RAM
The side by side stride involves checking your RAM. In my experience, blue screens tin represent retentiveness issues a majority of the time. I have seen blue screens from
poorly seated RAM, improperly placed RAM and even DOA (Expressionless on Inflow) RAM.
Unfortunately, you will not e’er be greeted with a blue screen. This is where you are going to utilise another costless tool from Windows called
Windows Retentiveness Diagnostic tool. Follow the steps of this guide, and yous will be able to diagnose your system’s RAM to determine if this is your problem.
Performance Bug(Computer Crash)
A reckoner crash or performance failure isn’t always due to faulty hardware. The Bone and 3rd political party programs (web browser, apps, media player), can use a lot of retentiveness, and if your memory is too low it will utilize your storage device. This is called
and tin crusade severe deposition in system functioning. In this case, consider upgrading your RAM.
If an app requires lots of retentivity or processing power and you are using too many of your organization resources at one time, this tin cause like bug every bit declining hardware.
Remember that just considering your PC was “the bomb” 3 or iv years ago, doesn’t hateful that information technology’due south going to play the newest PC games without strain today. Y’all also
can’t expect to use the about recent version of PhotoShop on an older PC
with merely 2-4GB of RAM while running Windows and your favorite background apps.
Solution 1: Clean upwardly your files
Commencement by cleaning upwardly any unnecessary programs or junk files on your computer. Use the
Windows built-in tools
to help yous remove whatsoever unwanted programs or junk files slowing down your PC hither. By removing unwanted programs or files, and disabling background programs, you let your arrangement to run much smoother.
Solution ii: Check Hardware Conflicts
Go to your device manager app, and verify if yous accept whatever hardware conflicts that appear with a yellowish exclamation marking. If you lot practice, try disabling that device and see if the problems cease. If they practise, endeavor to find an updated driver for that device. If the updated driver and device continue to cause problems, consider replacing that device if necessary.
Solution 3: Verify system parameters
To verify your system is upwards to par, I suggest using the HWMonitor app. This PC criterion app allows yous to view important settings of your estimator, including the make and model of all hardware inside your PC, view live parameters such every bit ability consumption, fan speeds, utilization per centum, temperatures, and clock speeds.
This tool can help you visualize and understand what is going on inside your computer. With HWMonitor, yous can see for yourself if your computer is operating as it should. Also every bit a side note, pay conscientious attention to your RAM usage, every bit this could exist a major benefactor in low system performance.
Blue Screen Errors
When your computer encounters an error, it may immediately be followed by a
BSOD (Blue Screen Of Death). If this occurs, information technology means that either your computer’s hardware or hardware drivers have failed.
The blueish screen is a straight effect of a
crash that causes the OS to terminate working. In such an consequence, your open programs or apps are unable to save any current information and can even cause further issues with your software after restarting your computer.
If you see a BSOD, endeavour to write downward important information such as the
exception fault, an underscore error, or a End error. If y’all encounter any of these on your blue screen, write them down.
This is the nigh of import information to pinpointing the reason backside your blue screen error. If the PC restarts and the BSOD goes away too rapidly, see solutions on how to locate that information.
Bluish Screens of Death Explained
The critical matter to do is to find out why it happened in the first identify. Ignoring the blue screen could result in further bug. And so how do you fix a blue screen? Let’southward look at some of import diagnostic steps below.
Solution 1: Find out what happened
When a blue screen occurs, a
is created by Windows that will have information about the blueish screen crash saved to the hard disk bulldoze. Past organisation default, Windows automatically restarts the PC whenever a blueish screen occurs. If you need more time to see the details of the blue screen, you can disable the auto restarts on blue screens from the control panel.
Solution 2: Using the Outcome Viewer
To view the “minidump file”, go to Start, type “Event Viewer” into the search box, and press enter. Effect logs are placed into categories within the Windows Logs. These categories are Awarding, Security, Setup, System, and Forwarded Events.
To learn more than on how to use the “Event Viewer,” become here. Or use a Blue Screen Viewer programme constitute hither. Once you find out the
root cause of the blue screen, you lot can either
update the specific driver
or discover what
faulty component needs to be replaced.
Figurer Booting Problems
Boot errors occur when attempting to start up your PC. The kick error indicates that a
software or hardware component may non be functioning properly. Common issues that can cause kicking errors could be:
Hard Drive is non working
as it should or failing completely
- The BIOS boot order in configuration settings. Your
hard drive should be the first boot device
or 2d to the bootable media device (USB, DVD, or other Media) for installation purposes.
can originate from the OS and may become decadent and crave a fresh install.
- If your
hard bulldoze has different partitions
and possibly fifty-fifty
multiple operating systems, information technology will require a kick loader for each. If the
boot loader becomes corrupted
and so you volition receive a kicking mistake.
- You installed a new piece of hardware that has a
It is important to await for POST error codes and BIOS beep codes when attempting to outset your computer. POST error codes appear at the bottom right of your monitor or on the motherboard itself on a numeric LCD display.
Solution i: Hard disk drive Error
If the boot error has originated from the hard disk, you will demand to replace the hard bulldoze and reinstall the OS. To evaluate your hd become to disk error checking in Windows to confirm if information technology’due south faulty.
Solution two: OS file corruption
If the Bone has become corrupted, you will need to perform a clean install. To practice this follow the guide here for a step-by-step guide on how to install Windows.
Solution 3: Other Faults
Be certain to
check and supplant faulty cables, examine the computer or laptop for external impairment indicating an impact such as a autumn which could cause impairment to a mechanical hard drive. To mitigate this in the future,
consider an SSD (Solid-State-Bulldoze)
that has no moving parts and can handle moderate impacts much better.
Potential causes of failed RAM stem from dirt/grit on the motherboard, power surges, overheating, improper voltage, and more. I have created a list of Common Bad RAM Symptoms. If you lot have any of the post-obit, information technology is a fair bet you are experiencing faulty or failing RAM.
decrease in performance
freezing without prior warning
- Blue Screen of Expiry
- Restarts, Immediately after you get to the desktop
when you turn on the PC
Plan installation failure
each fourth dimension you try to install new software or Os
If you have whatever of the above problems, you lot may be experiencing a memory failure. Continue to diagnostic steps below to troubleshoot your organization’s memory.
It is important to make clean the components first, to ensure that clay/dust is not blocking contacts that would forbid your computer from working properly.
Solution: Apply a Diagnostic Tool
Unlike other Windows tools, the Memory Diagnostic tool volition not allow you to perform other tasks at the same fourth dimension. Instead, you volition need to restart your PC and run it during startup. The Retention Diagnostic tool runs default in
fashion and will consummate 2 test phases before restarting again and providing yous with the test results.
Y’all can choose to run a
test. However, in my experience, I have run the Basic test and plant faulty RAM on ii different occasions. This tool is very thorough, and if you practise have declining RAM, it does a great job at discovering it.
Computer Keep Shutting Down
If your figurer shuts down for no reason this could exist a sign of a few things, such as a ability trouble, viruses or malware, overheating, and even driver issues. There are a few common means to troubleshoot the shutdowns to notice the source.
Solution 1: Power Supply Issue
The power supply provides all your components and peripherals the necessary ability they need to operate. When a power supply stops working correctly,
improper wattage could cause a component failure
signal to the motherboard and shut down the PC.
It is extremely important to
never open the PSU and effort to repair it yourself. The PSU is capable of carrying a mortiferous charge even if it’due south not plugged in or declining. Instead, I recommend a power supply tester.
It can examination your PSU and all the connectors from SATA, IDE, floppy disk four-pin, and many more than. It has an easy-to-read LED screen and will even emit a buzzer warning if your PSU fails. The power supply tester costs around $xv USD on Amazon and is well worth it.
PSUs are non overly expensive, and if yours has failed, or is going bad, purchase a new one, but stick to a good name brand with skilful user reviews. Don’t always go cheap on a component that powers your unabridged system, and make sure you
purchase one that volition power at least 20% more than your system requires.
Solution two: Overheating
Your computer is equipped with many fans and heatsinks to continue your components cool. If the CPU overheats, this will cause your estimator to close down so that it will not be damaged any farther. To find out how to fix/prevent this from happening follow the steps below.
– Dust out your entire PC, including all heatsinks and fans. Rut can kill your CPU and other components if they don’t get enough air.
– It could exist that your thermal paste betwixt the CPU and cooler is no longer effective. Yous can purchase thermal paste at Amazon for around $7 USD.
– To ensure your organisation is non containing any malware or viruses use a combination of AntiVirus and Malwarebytes. This will rule out any chance that a serious infection could be causing the shutdowns.
Software or Hardware Errors
– Depending on the type of error, the
estimator may take to reset itself
to recover from these types of errors. To resolve these types of errors, reboot your computer and start in safe mode. If the computer runs fine in safe fashion, y’all most likely accept a driver issue and need updated drivers.
Graphics Display Issues
There are situations that you lot may find that the
colour isn’t right on your display. Effort to tinker with the settings on your monitor. If y’all have, consider the display settings on your GPU software such as unlike refresh rates, and consider third-party app conflicts.
Like issues can arise due to a
faulty VGA or HDMI cable, a faulty graphics bill of fare, overclocked GPUs, video card slots, and even thermal throttling. Let’southward take a look at some things nosotros can exercise to troubleshoot this issue to find the cause.
Solution ane: Check the display
First off, endeavor a different monitor, or if y’all have an HDMI output, you lot tin can endeavour information technology on a flat-screen Boob tube. If the problem persists and the display still doesn’t look right, move to the next solution.
Solution 2: Utilize a unlike cable
Attempt a different VGA or HDMI cable from your monitor to your PC’s graphics carte du jour. Restart your figurer and meet if this resolves your effect. If solution 1 or two doesn’t resolve the effect, the trouble is probable your graphics card.
Solution 3: Update Graphics Driver
Don’t just get-go tearing apart your figurer and begin looking at the current outrageously priced graphics cards online. Start by going to your graphics carte du jour manufacturer’south website and
download the latest driver, install it, and restart your PC.
Sometimes, your computer installs new drivers without you knowing and might have created a conflict. If this does not solve the display problem, information technology is fourth dimension to consider a new graphics card or PC. Considering the current prices of graphics cards, information technology might be cheaper to consider a pre-congenital PC.
No thing how neat your reckoner is, information technology somewhen will demand to exist fixed or replaced. The best manner to brand the virtually of your calculator is to make information technology last by keeping information technology free from grit. Ensure that you lot
continue an eye on airflow
e’er fill-in your data on the deject or on some other source
in case of failure.
I hope that this guide helps you to at the very least find out what is wrong with your estimator, if non help fix the bug entirely.
Tin can a computer last xx years?
A calculator typically lasts 3-five years due to the mechanical parts such equally fans, coolers, and hard deejay drives moving platters and motors. Even if yous replaced failed components, with technology changing daily, a 20-year-old PC would be…useless.
Accept, for instance, that Windows XP was released over 19 years ago and after just 12 years, Windows XP is no longer supported by Microsoft. The majority of newer software and hardware will
a newer motherboard, RAM, GPU, more than disk space, and even Bone.
How practice I know if my PSU is failing?
At that place are a few symptoms that might alert you lot to a failing PSU. If your computer or laptop randomly shuts off, the PSU fan no longer works, the PSU fan emits a buzzing sound, Blue Screen of Death,
high pitched whining sound from the PSU, or the calculator is turned on merely does not boot.
In my feel, these warnings don’t always happen. On three different computers I shut it down the dark earlier, and the next day information technology would not boot with no prior warning.
How to know if my graphics card is failing?
I tell everyone to follow these steps when dealing with calculator components: “clean it (with air), remove former drivers/install (latest) drivers, ensure that yous accept a sufficient amount of cooling fans, and so use a benchmark tool to examination your graphics carte du jour.
If you are withal having issues, verify if you lot have any of these problems, if then, replace the GPU.
- Stuttering in the visuals when watching movies, playing games, or anything that puts a strain on the GPU.
- The infamous Blue Screen of Expiry.
- Loud fan noise coming from the graphics carte vicinity.
- Cursor not acting correctly, possibly freezing or non moving along with the mouse.
How can I tell if my motherboard is dying?
Motherboards are one of the well-nigh difficult pieces of hardware to diagnose because you have to rule out every piece of hardware that is continued to them. At that place really aren’t many signs of failure, they usually only stop working. I take constitute at that place are some signs you can look for.
- The motherboard doesn’t list/recognize peripherals.
- Volition non recognize wink drives, or show strange lines (onboard graphics).
- A burning smell or burn marks on the motherboard.
- Bulging or leaking capacitors.
- Extremely boring booting up.
- Peripherals will stop working for a few seconds then start over again over and over.
How tin I tell if my CPU is dying?
Ordinarily, if your CPU is dying
your computer will shut downwards right later on y’all turn it on, or just non commencement at all.
As y’all plow on the figurer it may give a
that the temperature is too high, and equally a safety precaution it shuts down the computer.
This tin happen due to overclocking, electrical surges, and overheating, etc.,
How oftentimes should I clean my PC?
Co-ordinate to HP, it is recommended that
you clean your PC and the entirety of the example every 6 months. I recommend if y’all are in an older home or have older carpet throughout your home to clean your calculator every 3 months.
This ensures that your computer stays clean and running efficiently. This also is a take chances for you to verify that all fans are working properly more often.
Do laptops or desktops terminal longer?
There are reasons why you could say a desktop could last longer for a few reasons. For one they are stationary and unlike laptops would be
less decumbent to drops, spills, and breakage. Also, they are more than easily maintained, you tin can easily open up ane side of the case and have access to clean everything inside your computer.
Desktops as well
permit you to upgrade
every component, allowing you to keep your system upgraded with newer up-to-date peripherals, whereas a 50aptop only allows you lot to upgrade the memory and difficult drive easily. With the limitations of laptops and the wearable and tear from beingness mobile, I think we can agree that desktops although non as portable, would final longer.