The Director Of Photography Is Usually Not Responsible For Which Of The Following?

By | 16/09/2022


              Контрольная работа по английскому языку.


WHAT IS AN Arrangement?


ane.




Match the words and expressions with their Russian equivalents:



1.


the


setting

придерживаться, следовать



2.


to bide past

противостоять



3.


to improve market place share

увеличить долю рынка



iv.


to provide extraordinary client service

предоставлять


отличное


обслуживание


клиентов



5.


to offer on-time service

предлагать своевременное обслуживание



6.


to produce high-quality appurtenances

производить высококачественные товары



7.


to impose few controls on one`due south beliefs

мало контролировать чье-либо поведение



8.


a series of experiences with organizations

последовательность взаимодействий с организациями



9.


to confront



противостоять


Reading


2.




Read the text to learn more nearly the places where all managers work.


What is an System?

At present let’due south talk about the immediate earth in which you will operate as a director. Organizations are the

setting for

all managers, and managers don’t be outside of them.

The word itself is derived from the Greek word
organon
and it ways a compartment for a particular job.

An


organization



is whatever structured grouping of people working together to

achieve sure goals

that individuals could not reach alone. Although alike in their demand to achieve specific goals, organizations differ with respect to what those goals are. A goal at American Airlines is to improve its marketplace share relative to that of other major airlines, such equally Delta, USAir, and JAL, by providing extraordinary customer service. At Southwest Airlines, a goal is to offering on-time service at the everyman prevailing toll to increase its market share. The goal at Polaroid is to create innovative instant cameras, whereas at Minolta the goal is to produce loftier-quality lenses for cameras and other optical devices. Organizations differ in many other ways, besides. Some are big and others small; some provide services and others products. Some organizations, such as the armed forces, spend millions of dollars on recruiting members and develop methods to brand certain that they abide past formal rules. Others, such as the local MADD (Mothers Against Drunkard Drivers), spend niggling money to concenter members and impose few controls on their behavior.

Organizations take existed throughout history, then why are they, their goals, and their managers and then important


today


? The reason is that during the past fifty years, all developed nations have become societies of organizations. Each of you could write your autobiography equally a series of experiences with organizations, both big and small: hospitals, schools, sports teams, governments, banks, stores, clubs, and community groups. Some have been well managed, just others have not.

There are a variety of legal types of organizations, including: corporations, governments, non-governmental organizations, international organizations, armed forces, charities, non-for-profit corporations, partnerships, cooperatives, and universities. A hybrid organization is a body that operates in both the public sector


 and the individual sector, simultaneously fulfilling public duties and developing commercial market activities. As a result the hybrid organization becomes a mixture of a government and a corporate organization
.

In the social sciences, organizations are the object of analysis for a number of disciplines, such equally sociology, economics, political scientific discipline, psychology, management, and organizational advice. The broader analysis of organizations is usually referred to as organizational construction, organizational studies, organizational behavior, or organization assay.



«Что такое Организация?»

Теперь давайте поговорим о непосредственном мире, в котором вы будете работать в качестве менеджера. Организации – это среда для всех менеджеров, и менеджеры не существуют вне их. Само слово происходит от греческого слова «organon»  и означает отделение для определенной работы.     Организация – это любая структурированная группа людей, работающих вместе для достижения определенных целей, в которых отдельные люди не могли бы достичь целей в одиночку. Хотя организации схожи в своей потребности в достижении конкретных целей, они различаются в отношении того, каковы эти цели. Цель American Airlines – увеличить свою долю рынка по сравнению с другими крупными авиакомпаниями, такими как Delta, USAir и JAL, за счет предоставления исключительного обслуживания клиентов. В Southwest Airlines цель состоит в том, чтобы предлагать своевременное обслуживание по самой низкой преобладающей цене, чтобы увеличить свою долю рынка. Цель Polaroid – создавать инновационные камеры мгновенного действия, в то время как цель Minolta – производить высококачественные объективы для камер и других оптических устройств. Организации отличаются и во многих других отношениях. Некоторые из них большие, а другие маленькие; одни предоставляют услуги, а другие – продукты. Некоторые организации, такие как вооруженные силы, тратят миллионы долларов на набор членов и разрабатывают методы обеспечения соблюдения ими формальных правил. Другие, такие как местная организация MADD (Матери против пьяных водителей), тратят мало денег на привлечение членов и меньше контролируют их поведение.

Организации существовали на протяжении всей истории, так почему же они, их цели и их менеджеры так важны сегодня? Причина в том, что за последние пятьдесят лет все развитые страны превратились в сообщества организаций. Каждый из вас мог бы написать свою автобиографию как серию опытов с организациями, как большими, так и малыми: больницами, школами, спортивными командами, правительствами, банками, магазинами, клубами и общественными группами. Некоторыми из них хорошо управляли, но другими – нет.

Существует множество юридических типов организаций, в том числе: корпорации, правительства, неправительственные организации, международные организации, вооруженные силы, благотворительные организации, некоммерческие корпорации, партнерства, кооперативы и университеты. Гибридная организация – это орган, который работает как в государственном, так и в частном секторе, одновременно выполняя государственные обязанности и развивая коммерческую рыночную деятельность. В результате гибридная организация становится смесью государственной и корпоративной организации.

В социальных науках организации являются объектом анализа для ряда дисциплин, таких как социология, экономика, политология, психология, менеджмент и организационная коммуникация. Более широкий анализ организаций обычно называют организационной структурой, организационными исследованиями, организационным поведением или организационным анализом.


Comprehension


3. Answer the questions:

1.


Why do managers not exist outside organizations?

ii.


What is an organization?

three.


The discussion “system” is derived from Latin, isn’t information technology?

4.


In what way do organizations differ?

5.


In what manner are they alike?

6.


Do yous agree that

all adult nations are societies of organizations?

Why? / Why not?

seven.


What are the legal types of organizations?

8.


What disciplines study organizations?


Ответьте на вопросы:

1. Почему менеджеры не существуют вне организаций?

2. Что такое организация?

iii. Слово “организация” происходит от латинского, не так ли?

4. Чем отличаются организации?

five. В чем они похожи?

6. Согласны ли вы с тем, что все развитые страны являются обществами организаций?

Почему? / почему нет?

7. Каковы юридические типы организаций?

viii. Какие дисциплины изучают организации?

ane.


Organizations are the

setting for

all managers, and managers don’t exist exterior of them, considering

 a
north


system



is any structured group of people working together to

reach certain goals

that individuals could not accomplish alone.

2.An


system



is whatsoever structured grouping of people working together to

accomplish certain goals

that individuals could not attain lone.

3.Yes, it is,the word itself is derived from the Greek word
organon
and it means a compartment for a particular chore.

4.

Although alike in their need to accomplish specific goals, organizations differ with respect to what those goals are.

5.


Although alike in their demand to accomplish specific goals, organizations differ with respect to what those goals are.

6.Yes, I do. I

agree  with that

all developed nations are societies of organizations, considering the reason is that during the past l years, all developed nations have become societies of organizations. Each of you could write your autobiography every bit a series of experiences with organizations, both large and small: hospitals, schools, sports teams, governments, banks, stores, clubs, and community groups. Some have been well managed, but others accept not.

7.

There are a diverseness of legal types of organizations, including: corporations, governments, non-governmental organizations, international organizations, armed forces, charities, non-for-profit corporations, partnerships, cooperatives, and universities.

8. In the social sciences, organizations are the object of assay for a number of disciplines, such equally sociology, economic science, political science, psychology, direction, and organizational communication.


4. Match the post-obit words with their definitions.



1.


government

a.


the grouping of people who govern a land or state



two.


charity

b.


an organization that gives coin, goods, or help to people who are poor, sick etc.



three.


goal

c.


something that you hope to achieve in the future



4.


analysis

d.


a careful examination of something in order to sympathise it better



5.


bailiwick

e.


an area of cognition or teaching, especially one such as history, chemical science, mathematics etc. that is studied at a university



6.


social club

f.


a particular large grouping of people who share laws, organizations, community etc.



7.


corporation

g.


a big company, or a group of companies interim together as a single organization



8.


feel

h.


knowledge or skill that you gain from doing a job or action, or the process of doing this


5. Complete the sentences with the words from the box.

authorities , goal , experience, charities, analysis,corporation , society

ane.


He works for a large American
corporation.

ii.


His ultimategoal
was to prepare his own business.

3.


The country now has a democratic
government
for the showtime time.

4.


Several
charities
sent aid to the flood victims.

five.


Britain is now a multi-racial
club.

vi.


They were doing some type of statistical
analysis.

7.


He had no previous
experience
of managing a subcontract.


6. Complete the sentences:

1.


All managers operate in
corporation



involves developing strategic and tactical plans.

2.


An organization may be defined equally


organisation


, in either accented or relative terms, to obtain scarce and valued resource and successfully integrate and manage them.

3.


Organizations are alike in their



goal-directed behavior.

4.


Just all organizations differ with respect
to



  environmental bug and going green.

v.


Organizations take existed
throughout history, so why are they, their goals, and their managers so of import




today




?

6.


Organizations, their goals, and their managers are very of import



today

becausethey




plays very significant part in our life.

vii.


There are a variety of legal types of organizations ,
including: corporations, governments, not-governmental organizations, international organizations, war machine, charities, not-for-profit corporations, partnerships, cooperatives, and universities.

8.


Organizations are the object of analysis for
organizations is commonly referred to as organizational structure, organizational studies, organizational behavior, or organization analysis.


7. Give a brief summary of the text using the sentences from the previous exercise.







What is an Organization?

Now permit’s talk most the immediate earth in which you will operate as a manager. Organizations are the

setting for

all managers, and managers don’t exist outside of them.

The word itself is derived from the Greek word
organon
and it ways a compartment for a detail task.

An


arrangement



is any structured group of people working together to

achieve certain goals

that individuals could non reach alone.

Organizations have existed throughout history, and then why are they, their goals, and their managers so important


today


? The reason is that during the past fifty years, all adult nations take become societies of organizations. Each of y’all could write your autobiography as a serial of experiences with organizations, both large and small: hospitals, schools, sports teams, governments, banks, stores, clubs, and community groups.

In that location are a diverseness of legal types of organizations, including: corporations, governments, non-governmental organizations, international organizations, armed forces, charities, non-for-profit corporations, partnerships, cooperatives, and universities.

In the social sciences, organizations are the object of analysis for a number of disciplines, such as sociology, economics, political science, psychology, direction, and organizational communication. The broader assay of organizations is unremarkably referred to equally organizational structure, organizational studies, organizational behavior, or organization analysis.


ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE


1. Every company has its organizational or visitor structure. Lucifer the titles of the jobs and departments with their Russian equivalents.

1. Board of Directors

совет директоров

two. Chairperson

председатель

three. Managing Director

(

Chiliad.D.)

коммерческий


директор

four. PR (Public Relations) Officer

c
отрудник по связям с общественностью

5. Chief Auditor

главный бухгалтер

6. Sales Manager (Mngr.)

директор

распорядитель

vii. Sales Department (Dpt.)

отдел сбыта, коммерческий отдел

8.

Finance


Dpt
.

финансовый отдел

9.

Accounts
/
Bookkeeping


Dpt
.

бухгалтерия

10
.


Advertizement


Dpt
.

отдел рекламы

11.

Training


Dpt
.

 отдел обучения и подготовки кадров

12
.


Planning

Dpt.

плановый


отдел

thirteen
.


Marketing


Dpt
.



отдел маркетинга

xiv. R & D/ Research & Development Dpt.

отдел исследований и развития

15
.


Assistants


Dpt
.

отдел административного управления

sixteen
.


Distribution


Dpt
.




отдел снабжения

17. Packaging Dpt.

отдел упаковки товара

xviii
.

Production Dpt.

производственный отдел

nineteen
.

Purchasing Dpt.

отдел распространения продукции

xx. Personnel Dpt.

отдел кадров


Reading


2. Read the information to acquire most organizational construction of



Forever Young Ltd.


Company Structure


BOARD OF DIRECTORS
Chairperson
,MANAGING DIRECTOR,PRODUCTION            FINANCE               MARKETING              ADMINISTRATION
Mngr.                            Mngr.                       Mngr.                            Mngr.
,Planning    R&D       Accounts   Financial          Sales                             Personnel
Mngr.        Mngr.       Mngr.       Controller       Mngr.                            Mngr.
,Advertising     Public                Training
Mngr.             Relations              Mngr.
                       Mngr.



The Board of Directors is at the top of a company structure.

The

Chairperson is the head of the Board of Directors.

The Managing Manager
runs
the company and
is accountable to
the Board of Directors.

There are four primary departments in the company: Production Department, Finance Department, Marketing Section, and Assistants Department.

Production Manager runs Production Department.

The Finance Manager
reports to
the Managing Director.

The Accounts Manager
is under
the Finance Managing director.


iii. This is the listing of new appointments at



Forever Young Ltd.



Name



Position



Responsibilities


Ms Falco


Marketing Mngr.


market research, sales promotion


Mr Norman


R&D



Mngr.


new product d


evelopment


Mr






White


Assistant Personnel Mngr.


recruitment, preparation


Mr Snow


Far Eastern Sales Representative


sales in Japan


Ms Low


Banana Sales Mngr.


sales in EC


Make up sentences about the new appointments like this using the underlined expressions:

– Who
looks afterwards
market inquiry and sales promotion?


takes care of


is responsible for


is in charge of


For example:




Ms Falco. She is the Marketing Director. She is responsible for



market research, sales promotion.


1.




Mr Norman. He is



R&D



Manager. He is responsible for new production development.


ii.




Mr White . He is an assistant Personnel Manager. He is responsible for recruitment, training.


3.




Mr Snow. He is a manager with Far Eastern Sales Representative. He is responsible for sales in Japan.


4.




Ms Low. She is an Assistant Sales Manager. She is responsible for


sales in EC


.


4. What are these people responsible for?

ane.


Chief Auditor is responsible for the finance.

2.


Personnel Mngr. is responsible for the publicity

3.


Production Mngr. is responsible for the new product development

4.


R&D Mngr. is responsible for the product launch.

five.


Marketing Mngr. is responsible for the  market inquiry.

6.


PR Officer  is  responsible for the recruitment.


5. Answer the questions:

ane.


Who runs the company?
Runs the visitor is


a Managing Director.

2.


Which section is responsible for advertizing campaigns? Advertising Dpt. is responsible for advertizing campaigns.

three.


Who takes care of the visitor’s finance? Finance Dpt. cares of the company’s finance.

4.


Which section manufactures the products? Product Dpt. manufactures the products.

5.


Who looks after new product development?

R & D/ Research & Development Dpt.

looks after new product development.

half-dozen.


Which department sells the products? Sales Dpt. sells the products.

7.


Which department sends the products to the customers?

Purchasing Dpt.


sends the products to the customers.

8.


Who is in charge of recruitment?

Grooming Dpt. is in

charge of recruitment.

9.


Who is the Managing director accountable to? The Managing Managing director accountable to Board of directors.

10.


Which section packs the products? Packing Dpt. packs the products.

1. Кто управляет компанией? Руководит компанией Управляющий директор.

2. Какой отдел отвечает за рекламные кампании? Отдел рекламы отвечает за рекламные кампании.

3. Кто заботится о финансах компании? Финансовый директор заботится о финансах компании.

four. Какой отдел производит продукцию? Отдел производства производит продукцию.

five. Кто следит за разработкой нового продукта? Отдел исследований и разработок  следит за разработкой новых продуктов.

6. Какой отдел продает продукцию? Отдел продаж продает продукцию.

vii. Какой отдел отправляет продукцию клиентам? Отдел закупок отправляет продукты клиентам.

eight. Кто отвечает за набор персонала? Специалист по обучению отвечает за набор персонала.

9. Перед кем подотчетен Управляющий директор? Управляющий директор, подотчетный Совету директоров.

10. Какой отдел упаковывает продукты? Отдел упаковок упаковывает продукты.


6. Put in the right prepositions.

1.


Jim Filby looks
for
UK sales promotion. He is accountable
to
the G.D.

two.


The Marketing Manager is responsible
for
market research and reports
to
the M.D.

3.


The Assistant Personnel Manager takes care
for
recruitment and training and is
 to
the Personnel Managing director.

four.


Mr Norman is
in
 charge
ofnew production development.


7.



Interpret






into






English


.

1.


Я работаю в рекламном отделе и отвечаю за продвижение товара на рынке.

2.


Начальник отдела планирования подчиняется начальнику производственного отдела.

3.


Мистер Брайт руководит отделом снабжения.

4.


Кто занимается исследованием рынка?

five.


Начальник отдела кадров подчиняется генеральному директору.

6.


Эта фирма выпускает персональные компьютеры.

7.


Кто отвечает за связи с общественностью?

8.


Отдел исследований и развития отвечает за разработку новой продукции.

9.


Набором персонала занимается отдел кадров.

10.


Коммерческий директор руководит отделом сбыта.

11.


Главный бухгалтер отчитывается перед начальником финансового отдела.

12.


Какой отдел запускает в производство новые модели.

1. I work in the ad section and am responsible for promoting the product on the market place.

2. The head of the planning department reports to the head of the production section.

3. Mr. Vivid runs the supply department.

4. Who is engaged in market research?

five. The head of the Hour Section reports to the CEO.

6. This company produces personal computers.

7. Who is responsible for public relations?

8. The Research and Evolution Section is responsible for the development of new products.

9. Recruitment is handled by the Personnel Department.

10. The Commercial managing director directs the sales section.

eleven. The Chief Accountant reports to the head of the Finance Department.

12. Which department launches new models into production.


eight. Lucifer the names of the departments (i-nine) with the phrases (a-i) to brand a short description of each section.



1.


Sales and marketing



2.


It



3.


Customer services



4.


Human resource



5.


Purchasing



half dozen.


Product



vii.


R&D



eight.


Finance



9.


Distribution

a. transports the products.

b. pays the salaries.

c. sells the products.

d. makes the products.

east. looks subsequently the computers.

f. thinks of ideas for new products.

g. recruits new staff.

h. processes orders from customers

i. buys parts from suppliers.


1.      Sales and marketing-c


2.      Information technology-e


3.      Customer services-h


4.      Human resource -g


5.      Purchasing-i


six.      Production-d


7.      R&D-f


8.      Finance-b


9.      Distribution-a

Source: https://infourok.ru/kontrolnaya-rabota-po-anglijskomu-yazyku-what-is-an-organization-5492746.html

Posted by: Fusiontr.com

Originally posted 2022-02-12 16:33:21.