What Are Full Frame Cameras

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All digital cameras take 1 thing in mutual: a digital imaging sensor. But, not all sensors are the aforementioned.

When it comes to Canon EOS DSLR cameras at that place are 2 main image sensor sizes: the APS-C sensor (besides known as a crop sensor), and the Total Frame sensor.

APS-C sized sensor on the left and Full Frame sensor on the correct

A Total Frame camera has an imaging sensor which is equivalent to traditional 35mm moving picture size. Full Frame sensors are about often featured in Canon’southward Professional Series cameras, while an APS-C sensors are smaller in size and are nigh often plant in entry to mid-level models.

Canon’s Full Frame cameras are listed below:

  • EOS RP
  • EOS R
  • EOS Ra
  • EOS R6
  • EOS R5
  • EOS 6D Mark Ii
  • EOS 5D Marking 4
  • EOS 1DX Mark III

Canon’s APS-C models are:

  • EOS 3000D
  • EOS 1500D
  • EOS 200D Marker 2
  • ESO 850D
  • EOS 90D
  • EOS 7D Mark II
  • EOS M200
  • EOS M50
  • EOS M6 Marking Two

Making the switch from a Ingather Sensor camera to a Full Frame photographic camera opens upward a whole realm of new possibilities. You lot’ll be able to explore new shooting styles and experiment with genres of photography that were out of reach due to the limitations of a Crop Sensor photographic camera system such as wider fields of view for landscape or architecture photography, better low light performance for events, faster autofocus for sports, better battery life for travel and more.

“I recollect making the switch from my ingather sensor EOS 600D to a Full Frame EOS 5D Mark III. At the time the Full Frame photographic camera was more expensive, slightly out of my budget and I didn’t necessarily need it. Notwithstanding, since making the switch it has allowed me to shoot things differently and enabled me to explore new ideas previously out of my reach.”

Matthew Vandeputte

The main benefits of stepping up to a camera with a Full Frame sensor are:

1. No ‘Ingather’ in Your Field of View

When using the same lens on these two unlike sensors you’ll terminate up with what appears to be a zoomed in image on the APS-C photographic camera, and a wider field of view on the Total Frame camera. This is because the APS-C sensor is physically smaller than a Total Frame sensor which results in cropping function of the image that comes through the lens.

Using a 50mm lens on a Full Frame photographic camera will give you a true 50mm field of view. On the other hand, when using the same lens on an APS-C sensor photographic camera yous need to multiply the focal length by a cistron of 1.6x. This means your 50mm lens effectively turns into an 80mm lens on an APS-C sensor photographic camera.

example of field of view with a Full Frame camera and a 50mm lens

Shot on EOS 5D Marker IV – 50mm lens

example of field of view with a crop sensor camera and a 50mm lens

Shot on EOS 80D – 50mm lens

When shooting landscapes, architecture or a group of people you’ll want to use a broad angle lens to fit more in to the frame. Shooting with a Full Frame camera means you’ll be able to fit more in your paradigm.

2. Meliorate Bokeh

In my opinion the biggest difference between Full Frame and APS-C cameras, and a largely why people jump to Total Frame, is their ability to create beautiful, soft, blurred backgrounds. This comes in handy when shooting portraits, guiding your heart to the primary subject where everything is sharp and the groundwork is a creamy blur.

comparison of bokeh effect in a crop sensor and Full Frame camera

Left: EOS 80D with EF24-105LISII lens at f/4. Correct: EOS 5D Mark IV with EF24-105LISII lens at f/4

The image on the right captured with a Full Frame photographic camera shows a smoother, softer blurred background that is less distracting to the center

This increase in bokeh quality is acquired past the demand to use longer focal lengths on a Total Frame camera to become the equivalent focal length every bit an APS-C sensor photographic camera. Due to how optical systems work, a longer focal length results in a more shallow depth of field. The shallower your depth of field, the better your bokeh volition be.

3. Better Low Lite Performance

A Full Frame sensor is physically larger than a crop sensor, yet they often characteristic the same amount of megapixels. This means each individual pixel on a Full Frame sensor can be bigger in size. Bigger pixels can capture more low-cal which will give you lot cleaner images with less noise or grain when selecting higher ISO values. Canon’s full frame mirrorless cameras are designed to shoot in challenging lighting conditions with an ISO range of 100-xl,000. The EOS R’south low-lite auto focusing at EV-6 and EV-5 in the EOS RP means even meliorate depression lite functioning in the mirrorless range.

low light image with a Full Frame camera

Shot on EOS 5D Mark Four @ 12800 ISO

4. More Features on Total Frame Cameras

As Full Frame cameras tend to be more advanced bodies, they have various added features in comparison to the boilerplate APS-C camera. In addition to improvements in the firmware, there are also physical modifications such every bit extra dials and controls for manual shooting and enhanced atmospheric condition sealing. The larger photographic camera body likewise packs a longer life battery meaning you tin shoot for longer. Auto Focus mechanisms are faster, larger, more efficient and amend in low light, resulting in fewer missed shots and the optical viewfinder in a Full Frame camera is larger and brighter.

Overall, shooting with a Full Frame camera volition give you a better shooting experience – personally, I haven’t looked dorsum after making the jump.

Written by Matthew Vandeputte @matjoez

Matt is a time-lapse photographer, YouTuber, public speaker, and educator.

Afterward discovering time-lapse photography 8 years agone, he went on to specialise in hyperlapse photography.

Source: https://www.canon.com.au/get-inspired/advantages-of-full-frame-cameras