What Camera Has The Most Pixels

By | 20/11/2022
Romanesco broccoli
A lower resolution copy of a 3,200 megapixel image of Romanesco broccoli. The photo was taken past a camera existence built to assistance the Vera Rubin Observatory’s telescope study infinite.
LSST Camera team / SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory / Rubin Observatory

Scientists building the world’s largest digital camera have captured the highest resolution images e’er taken in a single shot, reports Mike Wall for
Space.com.

The photos are iii,200 megapixels (iii.2 gigapixels). Displaying one of them at total size would crave 378 4K ultra-high-definition TVs. The resolution is then loftier that a golf ball would exist visible from 15 miles away, according to a statement.

When completed, the camera is headed to Cerro Pachón in northern Chile where information technology volition exist attached to the Vera Rubin Observatory’southward telescope. The hulking photographic camera, which is existence put together at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory in California, will be able to capture sweeping panoramas of the night sky, reports Joe Palca for NPR.

Once installed at the Rubin Observatory, the camera will spend the following decade surveying roughly 20 billion galaxies.

“We’ll get very deep images of the whole sky. But nearly more importantly, we’ll get a fourth dimension sequence,” Steven Kahn, an astrophysicist at SLAC and the managing director of the observatory, tells Jonathan Amos of BBC News. “We’ll encounter which stars take changed in brightness, and anything that has moved through the sky like asteroids and comets.”

Each of the photos taken by the photographic camera will comprehend an surface area of the dark heaven equivalent to roughly 40 full moons.

“These data volition improve our knowledge of how galaxies have evolved over time and will allow us exam our models of dark matter and night energy more than securely and precisely than ever,” says Steven Ritz, an astrophysicist at the University of California, Santa Cruz who is working on the projection, in the statement.

Just the camera can’t start probing the mysteries of the universe until it’s fully assembled and fastened to the Rubin Observatory’southward telescope. In the meantime, the team needed to test out the rig’s performance.

“I invented a niggling thing I phone call a pinhole projector,” Aaron Roodman, an astrophysicist at SLAC who is managing the camera’south assembly and testing, tells NPR. “Basically a metal box with a tiny pinhole at the top of it, and lights inside the box. So kind of the opposite of a pinhole camera.”

This impromptu device projects the image of whatever is in the box onto the photographic camera’s sensors. The images included a photo of Vera Rubin, a renowned astronomer and the observatory’s namesake, and, of course, broccoli. But it wasn’t any old broccoli, it was a head of the Romanesco diverseness, which features spiraling, fractal florets. The completed portion of the camera passed the exam with flying colors (the full resolution images can be viewed here).

Vera Rubin Observatory Camera
The focal aeroplane of the Vera Rubin Observatory’s photographic camera is more than ii feet wide.
Jacqueline Orrell / SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

To capture such large, detailed images, the camera itself also has to be huge.

“The whole photographic camera is about 13 feet from the front lens to the dorsum where nosotros have all our support equipment, and then 5 anxiety in diameter—so, massive,” Roodman tells NPR.

The camera’due south focal aeroplane, similar to the imaging sensor of a digital camera, is more than 2 feet wide and is fabricated upwardly of 189 individual sensors that each contribute 16 megapixels, reports Ashley Strickland for CNN. What’s more, the whole assortment needs to be chilled to minus 150 degrees Fahrenheit to work properly.

Though progress was delayed by several months by the coronavirus pandemic, work resumed with new restrictions in identify in May. Per CNN, the camera is expected to start collecting its first images of space from the Rubin Observatory in 2023.

Source: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/camera-bound-space-telescope-takes-3200-megapixel-photos-180975758/