“Great things happen when the globe agrees”
ISO, The ISO Story
I’m guessing you’ve heard of ISO. You probably know information technology’south got something to practise with standards, and maybe yous’ve fifty-fifty read a couple of manufactures around ISO certification and ISO audits.
Only, if I asked you: what does ISO stand for, where does it come from, and why was it created…would you know? 😬
Don’t worry, you’re not alone: I didn’t know all the background earlier I wrote this Fat FINGER postal service.
But, considering that over 1.3 1000000 companies worldwide have received some sort of ISO certification (a figure which is rising by roughly 3.8% each twelvemonth), I think information technology’southward fourth dimension to climb aboard the ISO train and find out:
- What does ISO represent?
- Where did ISO come from?
- Why was ISO created?
Let’s go, ISO…🚂
What does ISO stand up for?
The ISO is the largest publisher of standards in the world. But, opposite to popular belief (my own included) ISO is
an acronym. I
thought it stood for something like the “International Standardization Organization”. But no.
Allow me to explain.
The ISO is a voluntary, internal organization with 165 members, from around the earth. The ISO generates and publishes globally recognized standards for everything; from quality management systems and It security protocol to units of measurement and occupational wellness and safety.
Each member of the ISO represents their own state’s standards potency. For example, The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is the U.s. representative, and the British Standards Institution (BSI) is the British standards representative.
When creating a standard, each member of the ISO acts in the best interests of the vendors, manufacturers, consumers, professionals, and government bodies in their country. Standards, therefore, accept to go through a hefty half-dozen-stage process and be agreed upon by consensus before they are published.
The ISO’south six-phase standard evolution process
New standards are usually adult in response to a request fabricated by an industry sector, a stakeholder, or a consumer group.
ISO standard development: Stage one
The get-go step in the six-stage standard development process is the proposal phase. The ISO committee has to determine if this new international standard is needed: Is it globally relevant? What problem will it solve? How volition it improve the current situation?
Once the proposed standard has been thoroughly dissected and discussed, information technology goes to a vote. If the consensus is “yes, this global standard
needed”, then the members who are willing to piece of work on it are determined and the standard moves into the second stage of development: The preparatory stage.
ISO standard evolution: Phase
A working group of industry experts is and then put together and, lead by the ISO members who agreed to work on the standard, potential problems are rooted out, conformity is assessed, and the technicalities of the proposed standard are hashed-out.
These findings are pulled together and put into a draft document which gets submitted to the entire working-group, as part of the third stage: The committee phase.
ISO standard evolution: Stage
The draft proposal is circulated, reviewed, tweaked, updated, and iterated until a vote is taken and a consensus is reached.
The proposed standard so becomes formally known as a Draft International Standard (DIS), is sent to the entire ISO arrangement, and reaches the quaternary step: The inquiry stage.
ISO standard development: Stage
During this stage, members of the ISO have 12 weeks to comment on the DIS and vote for or against it. If less than 75% are in favor of the standard, it goes dorsum to the proposal or preparatory stages, and work on information technology continues. But, if more than than 75% of the organization is in favor of the standard, it becomes a Final Draft International Standard and enters the side by side stage: The approval stage.
ISO standard evolution: Stage 5
This is where the Last Draft International Standard is circulated, once more, to all members of the ISO system who vote for or against it one, concluding time.
If the standard is approved past vote, the standard reaches the sixth and final step: The publication phase.
ISO standard development: Stage
This is where the standard is sent to the ISO Secretariat who and so makes information technology public! 🥳
Now nosotros know a niggling more almost what the ISO is and what it does, we tin can go back to the original question: “What does ISO stand for?”
Well, being an system entirely focused on standardization, it kinda makes sense that the name ISO actually comes from the Greek give-and-take “isos”, which means “equal”. Even the
of the arrangement is standardized…🤦
Ok, now we’ve answered: “What does ISO stand for?” it’s fourth dimension to expect at the adjacent logical question…
Where did ISO come from?
ISO was created in 1947 when delegates from 25 countries met in London to discuss global standardization.
Fast-forwards 4 years, and ISO/R 1:1951 the first ISO standard was created (which still exists as ISO ane:2002) to outline the global recommendations (they were chosen recommendations back then, not standards) for industrial length measurements.
But it wasn’t until the start of the 1970s that ISO started to become an
organization for standardization. Upwardly until then, few countries were
involved in the creation of standards.
ISO’southward global presence was kick-started by the Secretary-General at the time; Olle Sturen who, in i of his kickoff speeches, profoundly appear that “International standardization was the stop of technical nationalism.”
During his time at ISO and throughout the ’70s, Sturen made it his mission to visit every single fellow member of the organization, across all 25 countries to encourage active participation. And it worked.
50 years afterwards and the organization now has 165 members with experts from over 780 technical bodies. It has published over 21,000 international standards, and the number of ISO certificates they’ve issued is growing past approximately iii.viii% each yr.
We now have answers to the questions; what does ISO represent and where did it come up from.
Next on the listing is…
Why was ISO created?
As nosotros discovered earlier in the “What does ISO stand for?” department, the ISO standardizes business, manufacturing, and quality practices then that the products organizations make, the manufacturing methods, tools, and equipment they use, and the quality of what they produce is safe, reliable, and fit for us, as consumers.
For example, imagine if ISO 22000 (the international standard for food safe) didn’t exist.
Every time you bought food from a store, a takeout, or a restaurant you’d have no way of knowing how that nutrient had been handled. Y’all wouldn’t know if nutrient hygiene measures had been practical, or if proper food preparation practices had been followed. You’d have no idea if the food you were consuming was safe or not.
ISO 22000 was created past the ISO to regulate the food industry and ensure that all food producers managed the safety of their nutrient products and the well-being of their consumers properly.
Nosotros’ve touched on the importance of ISO 22000 and why it was created, only what well-nigh some of the other popular ISO standards?
ISO 9000 – Quality Management
What is it?
ISO 9000 was first published in 1987 and is a series of standards that are centered around quality management and quality assurance. This group of standards lays out best practices, guidelines, and a common vocabulary for quality management systems.
The series is intended to guide companies and equip them with the tools they need to continuously improve the quality of their products and services to ensure that their customer demands are ever met.
The standards within this quality management family include:
- ISO 9001:2015: Quality Management Systems – Requirements
- ISO 9000:2015: Quality Management Systems – Fundamentals and Vocabulary
- ISO 9004:2018: Quality of an Organization – Managing for the Sustained Success of an Arrangement
- ISO 19011:2018: Guidelines for Auditing Direction Systems
Why was it created?
“ISO 9000 standards were developed to assistance manufacturers effectively document the quality arrangement elements that need to be implemented to maintain an efficient quality system.”
Investopedia, ISO 9000
ISO 9001, in particular, is at present seen as a basis for quality management in the education, authorities, and service sectors. Not only that, but compliance with whatsoever of the ISO 9000 standards is becoming critical if you lot desire to remain competitive in
Think virtually it, which would yous choose; a visitor that has proven it can produce a high-quality production or 1 that tin’t?
How to implement it?
There are several means to implement any of the standards within ISO 9000, and information technology largely depends on the sophistication of your current quality management process and the size of your visitor.
Simply, information technology’s worth taking the time to create a detailed programme or checklist that you can work through to make sure you’re meeting the standards gear up-out in each ISO 9000 standard.
ISO / IEC 27000 – Information Security Management Systems
What is it?
Sometimes referred to every bit the ‘ISMS Family of Standards’, ISO / IEC 2700 is a series of standards that provide a framework for the secure handling of confidential information.
They assistance organizations manage the risks associated with, and the security of, their intellectual belongings, financial data, and employee information.
46 individual standards make upwardly the ISO / IEC 27000 set of standards. Merely, the cornerstone standard is ISO 27001. This standard lays out the specification for an platonic data security management system (ISMS) and is the but one that organizations can be audited and certified against.
Why was it created?
“As applied science continually evolves, new standards are adult to address the changing requirements of data security in different industries and environments.”
IT Governance, ISO 27000 Serial of Standards
The ISO / IEC 27000 was originally adult by the ISO to combat the rapid increment in cyber threats. But every bit technology has evolved, so has cybercrime. Present, the financial and reputational damage caused by data breaches has reached devastating proportions.
So, organizations need to protect the safety and security of their information, using the ISO / IEC 27000 series equally a guideline.
How to implement it?
Implementing and following whatsoever of the ISO 27000 standards can exist a long and complicated process. And then, it’s worth pulling an implementation team together and developing an implementation plan.
Within this plan, you can listing out all the requirements for each of the standards inside ISO 27000. Like this ISO 27001:2013 Internal Audit Written report checklist does, for instance.
That way, everyone in the team has visibility, everyone knows which tasks demand to be done by when, and anybody can track the progress beingness fabricated.
ISO 14000 – Ecology Direction
What is information technology?
This family unit of standards is related to environmental management and includes guidelines for companies to manage their environmental responsibilities.
Each standard within this serial has been adult to help organizations minimize the outcome their operations are having on the surround and comply with environmental laws and regulations.
Why was it created?
Did yous know that each yr, effectually 7 1000000 people die as a outcome of poor air quality? And that organizations are one of the biggest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions? These statistics are frightening and they’re getting worse: Nosotros’re ready to run out of rain forests by 2100, food by 2050, and water past 2040.
ISO 14000 is your chance, as an organization, to do something well-nigh it. To have responsibility for the part yous play in damaging the environment.
How to implement information technology?
Like with the other ISO standards we’ve covered, it’s worth creating a program or checklist that breaks down the standard into bitesize steps that yous can work through to brand sure you’re meeting ISO 14000 standards.
As we’ve discovered, checklists are a simple way to lay out what requirements you need to run into, allowing you to work your way through each 1 methodically.
As you can see, using a BPM tool similar FAT FINGER to certificate ISO requirements into a checklist, volition help you stay on track and run into whatsoever ISO standards yous’re working towards.
What is FAT FINGER?
FAT FINGER is a no-lawmaking application edifice platform that allows you to chop-chop and hands document processes into like shooting fish in a barrel-to-follow checklists. Utilize the elevate-and-drop editor to either create templates from scratch or edit i of our many pre-fabricated ones. Then, run individual checklists from these templates each time y’all need to consummate a process.
Picket this video to get a quick overview:
Assign specific tasks to your team, receive notifications when a task is due, and connect your workflows to your existing platforms, tools, and apps to push and pull in real-time information.
To conclude “The Ultimate Guide to ISO: What Does ISO Correspond? Where Did It Come up From? Why Was It Created?”
The ISO is an international organization that develops and publishes standards that help regulate systems, quality, tools, and environments. This levels-out the playing field and ensures that customers get a off-white bargain, every fourth dimension.
I hope this has cleared upwards whatever questions around what does ISO represent. If yous want to know more than, put your questions in the comments beneath…