Why Are Canon Lenses So Expensive

By | 03/11/2022

What are the best camera lenses to buy? Here’s everything you need to know

Best camera lens



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Choosing the best camera lenses becomes easier when you’ve been taking pictures for a while and y’all know what yous’re interested in, but if you lot’re simply starting out, the sheer number of unlike lenses, brands and types tin can exist bewildering, so that’southward where this guide can help!

We reckon choosing the best lens ordinarily boils downward to three things:

one. Getting an thought of the things you like to shoot
2. Discovering the different lens types and what they exercise
3. Finding out what lenses are available for your camera

This is the approach that makes most sense to us, and nosotros hope information technology will for you lot too. We’ve broken down this guide into sections, so you lot can either bound to the section that you desire or read the whole article. We’ll proceed it brief!

So stick with united states every bit we explicate everything you need to know nigh lenses, and requite you links to loads of lens buying guides which will help you find the perfect lens for your next photographic run a risk.

What do you like to shoot?

This is a good starting point for choosing lenses because it helps you lot work out which types of lenses are going to be nearly useful.

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Travel photography is really popular, and nosotros call back the best lenses for travel photography come up in 2 types: superzoom lenses, which are like standard zooms but with a longer focal range for more distant subjects, and broad-angle lenses which help you get great interior shots or capture big landmarks from up close. Yous might also exist interested in one of the best 35mm lenses for street photography.

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Landscapes are some other popular bailiwick for photography, and for this we’d recommend a similar fix of lenses to those y’all’d employ for travel. An ultra-wideangle lens is particularly useful for capturing big, breathtaking vistas. Very often, nevertheless, the details of a scene tin can be just equally fascinating, and zooming in with a standard zoom lens can be very effective. You lot can even utilise a telephoto lens for more distant subject area, and what works actually well here is that this has the effect of compressing perspective and making the background much bigger and more imposing. This works especially well with mountains!

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Lots of people go into photography considering of passion for sports and wildlife, and what you need is a telephoto lens, because you’ll usually be some manner away from your subjects. A regular telephoto volition be fine for pets, domestic animals, motorsports and many other kinds of sport, but for wildlife, bird and aviation photography it’s likely you’ll need the extra magnification of a supertelephoto lens, such as a
100-400mm lens

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or even a
150-600mm lens

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.

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If you like taking pictures of people, yous’ll probably take heard about ‘portrait lenses’. These have ii properties that make them platonic for people shots. First, they have a slightly longer focal length for a modest telephoto effect. This means yous stand a little further abroad, and this avoids any unflattering wideangle distortion from continuing too shut. Second, ‘portrait’ lenses have a wide maximum aperture which can be used to create very shallow depth of field – then that your subject’s fact is sharp but the groundwork is blurred.

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Night heaven photography has really taken off. If you desire to photograph the moon, planets or celestial objects similar nebulae, then you’re into more specialized territory with telescope adaptors, equatorial mounts and more – what we’re talking about here is wide-angle views of the night sky capturing whole constellations, perhaps even the Milky Manner and elusive phenomenae similar the aurora borealis. The best lenses for astrophotography will offer this wider plenty bending of view and a fast maximum aperture so that y’all can use short exposure times to reduce the natural motion of stars across the sky.

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Or, you are fascinated by details, tiny objects similar insects or microscopic textures and patterns, y’all demand a lens that tin can focus much closer than normal – a ‘macro lens’. The definition of a macro lens is ane that can reproduce a tiny object at life size on the camera sensor, so an insect might almost make full the whole frame. Regular lenses simply don’t focus close enough to exercise this.

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Of form, yous may well be shorting video rather than stills – and although the same lenses can be used to suit your subject, filmmaking has its specific needs. If yous are vlogging, for instance, you lot are usually filming yourself close to the camera so at that place are some specific things to watch out when picking the best lens for vlogging
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.

For filmmaking, then y’all may well be looking for the best cine lenses, which are designed to offer very precise manual focusing control and other benefits that arrange the movie theater camera user.

Basic lens jargon

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When you’re choosing a lens, yous’re faced with a lot of jargon, and very frequently the first thing you’ll encounter is lens types, for example ‘telephoto lenses’, ‘macro lenses’, ‘ultra-broad lenses’ and more.

It’s useful to explicate 2 $.25 of jargon straight abroad:
focal length
and
maximum aperture.

Showtime, the focal length. This is quoted in millimetres (‘mm’). Basically, information technology tells you the lens’southward angle of view or ‘magnification’ (information technology’s the same thing, really). The shorter the focal length, the wider the angle of view. The longer the focal length, the greater the magnification. Photographers use the focal length to split lenses up into different categories. It gets more than complicated when yous have cameras with different sensor sizes, so very often we talk almost ‘effective’ focal lengths for these, just to keep the comparisons the same.

• Have a expect at this:
Cheat sail: Focal lengths
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Second, the maximum aperture tells you lot the lens’southward light-gathering ability. A smaller number ways a wider aperture – the smaller the number the more than light you get, which is a big advantage for many kinds of photography. A wide maximum aperture will let you use a faster shutter speed, which is very of import for depression low-cal and action photography, and give you lot more pronounced background blur to help your subject stand out for portrait shots, for example.

• More info:

What is aperture on a camera?

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Standard or ‘kit’ lenses

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Every photographer needs a standard zoom lens for everyday all-round photography. Almost cameras are sold with an inexpensive ‘kit’ lens, only some can be bought ‘torso only’ for people who already have a lens or want to choose a meliorate quality lens separately. Kit lenses typically have a 3-5x zoom range that goes from a wideangle view to a mild telephoto outcome, but an even longer zoom range can be useful when you need actress versatility – as in travel photography, for example. Cheaper lenses have a variable maximum aperture (it goes down when you zoom in) but more expensive ones accept a fixed maximum aperture that doesn’t change. The best standard zoom lenses offering ameliorate quality, a faster aperture or a longer zoom range. For maximum zoom range you tin get a superzoom lens. These are big and heavy and the quality isn’t always peachy, but they can make some of the all-time lenses for travel.

Telephotos and ‘super-telephotos’

Best camera lens: supertelephoto lenses

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A telephoto is ordinarily the starting time selection for anyone buying their first extra lens. They let you zoom in on distant subjects and are ideal for sports or wildlife photography. As with standard lenses, cheaper lenses have a variable maximum aperture, and it’southward the price you lot pay for depression cost and lite weight. The best telephoto lenses aimed at pro or enthusiast photographers might go for a heavier and more expensive 70-200mm lens with a constant f/2.8 aperture.

‘Super-telephoto’ lenses have a much longer range and are among the best lenses for bird photography, for case. Accept a look out our guides to the all-time 100-400mm lenses and the best 150-600mm lenses for more than data and examples.

Ultra-wide lenses

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If yous’re interested in travel and landscape photography, an ultra-wideangle could prove much more useful than a telephoto. They offering a much wider bending of view than a regular standard zoom and they are great for interior shots, wide landscapes and tall buildings. An ultra-wideangle zoom
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will requite you a trivial more flexibility, but it’s likewise possible to get ultra-wideangle prime lenses – these may requite y’all a wider maximum aperture, better edge to edge paradigm sharpness and less baloney.

You may likewise encounter fisheye lenses. These are a special case! Fisheye lenses capture an fifty-fifty wider angle of view than ultra-wideangle lenses, but give up on attempting to render straight lines as straight. As a result, y’all become a very strong curved baloney issue virtually the edges of the frame that’s all part of the characteristic ‘fisheye’ effect. These are pretty specialized lenses and not for everyone.

Zooms vs primes

That was a pretty quick tour of three main lens types, merely at that place are a whole lot more, peculiarly when yous start to include prime lenses.

We all know what a zoom lens is. You turn a ring on the lens to change the magnification and this makes zoom lenses very versatile because you tin change the framing of the moving-picture show without having to change your position. The flexibility of zoom lenses ways they’re the most pop blazon, and the ‘zoom range’ – the magnification range, in other words, is another selling point.

And then called ‘prime lenses’ don’t zoom. They have a fixed focal length and a fixed bending of view. This makes them more restrictive in one sense, but prime lenses have some advantages of their own – and they are actually making a bit of a comeback. Prime lenses are smaller and lighter than zooms, they usually have a wider maximum aperture and hence light-gathering ability, and it’s possible to make more specialized lenses for close upwards ‘macro’ photography and ‘fast’ (wide discontinuity) ‘portrait’ lenses. Ultra-wideangle prime lenses typically accept less baloney than zooms too.

Hither are some examples of useful prime number lenses.

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Portrait lenses are really popular. These are prime lenses with a focal length of 85mm or thereabouts which have a maximum aperture of f/1.8, f/1.4 or even f/1.2. The longer focal length means you stand farther back and this makes faces looking more natural. The wide maximum aperture produces very shallow depth of field so that you tin throw the background completely out of focus.

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Macro lenses are fabricated for ultra close upwardly photography. These are invariably prime lenses – you lot don’t need a zoom here because you change the size of the field of study simply past moving closer or further away. A prime lens also gives the best quality for detailed subjects at ultra-close distances. Macro lenses come up in different focal lengths – by and large, a longer focal length is amend because it means you don’t accept to get quite and so close to your subject and perchance scare it away or encompass information technology with your ain shadow.

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Tilt shift lenses (or ‘perspective control’ lenses) are a special case! They are used mainly by commercial and architectural photographers. They accept circuitous adjustments which enable you to shift the lens vertically or horizontally relative to the photographic camera and this tin can exist used to capture tall buildings, for example, without having to tilt the camera and innovate converging verticals. The tilt motion is used to control the plane of sharp focus with nearby objects – it’due south specially useful where your subject field is on an angled aeroplane rather than perpendicular to the photographic camera. Tilt-shift lenses are expensive and complex to utilise, so they are rather specialized.

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Retro ‘fine art’ lenses, every bit fabricated past Lensbaby and Lomo and many others accept becoome extremely popular. Modernistic lenses are designed to be as sharp as possible, distortion gratis and with fifty-fifty brightness beyond the whole frame. That’s good from a technical standpoint, but it does mean they take lost the ‘character’ of sometime lenses and the way they return images. Companies similar Lomography and Lensbaby are experimenting with the re-introduction of older lens designs to recreate this softer, less perfect but some might say more than characterful looks. Lomography has brought back an old Petzval lens design with ‘swirly’ bokeh and Lensbaby makes the first-class Lensbaby Trio – three lenses with three unlike ‘looks’ on a rotating turret.

What camera do you take?

When y’all know what you desire to shoot and yous’ve worked out which lenses yous need, there is ane more hurdle – you need to make certain yous can get this lens in a version that fits your photographic camera. In other words, you lot have to know about lens mounts and lens compatibility.

Every photographic camera maker uses its own bespoke lens mount (with a couple of exceptions). Fifty-fifty here there may be complications, because camera makers often have more than than ane range of cameras, and these may have different mounts and sensor sizes to consider.

Things are simpler if you merely ever purchase lenses from your camera’southward maker, but at that place are lots of actually good independent lens makers out there at present, including Tamron, Sigma, Samyang and Laowa, and if you desire to use 1 of these lenses you have to brand sure beginning that information technology’southward available in a mount to fit your camera and, second, that you order the right one!

And then here’s a run-down on the lens mounts and brands on the market right now and the things you need to know about each one.

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Canon makes DSLRs and mirrorless cameras and they use unlike lens mounts. Canon full frame DSLRs use the
Catechism EF mount, while the amateur-orientated APS-C Canon DSLRs employ the slightly different
Canon EF-S mount. You can use full frame EF lenses on the smaller EF-S cameras, but not the other mode circular. EF-S lenses are designed solely for the smaller format cameras.

There’s less crossover with the mirrorless Canons. The amateur-oriented Catechism EOS Grand cameras use a
Catechism EF-M mount
that’s different to the
Canon RF mountain
used on Catechism’s EOS R full frame cameras. There’s piddling or no crossover here, though both cameras can use Canon DSLR lenses via an adapter.


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Best Catechism RF lenses

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All-time Canon EF-M lenses

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Best camera lens: Nikon lens mounts

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Similar Canon, Nikon makes both DSLR and mirrorless cameras and in both APS-C and full frame sizes, though the situation is a little less complicated. Nikon DSLRs use the well established
Nikon F mountain
and you can use the aforementioned lenses on both APS-C (DX format) Nikon cameras and full frame (FX format) models. The only restriction is that smaller format DX lenses can just be used in a lower resolution ‘crop’ mode on full frame Nikon DSLRs.

For its mirrorless cameras Nikon has introduced a new
Nikon Z mount, but it’s the same on both its APS-C format models (the Nikon Z50
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and Nikon Z fc
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) and its two full frame mirrorless cameras (the Nikon Z5
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, Nikon Z6 II
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and Nikon Z7 II
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). As with Nikon DSLRs, you lot can use the same lenses on both, just smaller format DX Nikon Z lenses volition be in ‘crop’ way on the total frame bodies. You can get a Nikon FTZ adapter to employ regular Nikon DSLR lenses on these cameras.


Best Nikon lenses

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Best Nikon Z lenses

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Sony’s mirrorless cameras split into APS-C and full frame models. These use a lens mountain that’s physically the same, but referred to equally ‘E-mountain’ on the APS-C cameras and ‘FE’ on the full frame models. Y’all tin use the same lenses on both cameras, only Eastward-mount lenses volition exist used in ‘crop’ mode when fitted to a full frame camera.


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All-time lenses for Sony A6000

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and family

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The Fujifilm photographic camera arrangement is a lot simpler. It makes APS-C format X-mount mirrorless cameras and medium format G-mountain cameras. There’s no crossover between the X-mount lenses and medium format lenses, and so the lens choices are unproblematic.



Best Fujifilm X-mountain lenses

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Best Fujifilm GF lenses

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Olympus cameras employ a smaller
Micro Four Thirds (MFT)
sensor size and lens mount across its range of interchangeable lens mirrorless cameras. All the Micro 4 Thirds (MFT) lenses fit all the cameras. What’s more, it’southward the aforementioned mount and system every bit Panasonic G-series cameras, so y’all can use Panasonic MFT lenses on Olympus cameras and vice versa, albeit with some occasional autofocus or prototype stabilization limitations.



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All-time Olympus lenses

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Up until recently, Panasonic exclusively used the aforementioned
MFT
system equally Olympus for its Lumix K mirrorless cameras. More than recently, however, it has introduced a new Lumix Southward full frame mirrorless camera system which has adopted the
L-mountain
lens mount originally developed past Leica but now supported jointly by the 50-mount Alliance (Panasonic, Leica, Sigma). Panasonic still makes its smaller G-serial cameras, but these and the new Lumix S cameras are now 2 separate systems with no crossover in lens mounts.


Best Micro 4 Thirds lenses

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All-time Fifty-mount lenses

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Pentax makes DSLRs with both APS-C and total frame sensors. These use a modern adaptation of Pentax’s long-running
Pentax K mount
and while yous can use the same lenses on both APS-C and total frame cameras, some are designed solely for the smaller APS-C format and are non really suitable for the total frame cameras.

Pentax also makes the 645Z medium format camera. This has a larger
Pentax 645-mountain
that’s specific to this camera.



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Lens adapters

In some circumstances you can get lens adaptors for fitting i lens type on to a trunk of another type or brand. There are restrictions and limitations to exist aware of.

• In some instances, a photographic camera maker like Canon or Nikon may make adapters to mountain their older lenses on a newer torso and volition all the autofocus and other features enabled. Basically, it means you can use older DSLR lenses on newer mirrorless cameras.

• Most lens adaptors, however, are ‘dumb’. Physically, you can mount a huge number of different lenses on unlike bodies with the right physical adapter, merely you volition lose autofocus and exposure (aperture) command, so typically this is used for lenses which have transmission focus and manual aperture control rings – as virtually ‘classic’ camera lenses do.

So how do you lot know if a lens tin be ‘adapted’. It’s all down to the ‘flange’ distance, or the distance between the lens mountain and the photographic camera sensor. There needs to be some space for inserting the adaptor, so the general rule is that you should be able to get an adapter to fit an DSLR lens (longer flange distance) on to a mirrorless camera (shorter flange distance), but not the other way around.


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Rod is an independent photography journalist and editor, and a long-standing Digital Camera Globe correspondent, having previously worked as DCW’south Grouping Reviews editor. Before that he has been technique editor on N-Photo, Head of Testing for the photography division and Photographic camera Channel editor on TechRadar, likewise as contributing to many other publications. He has been writing about photography technique, photograph editing and digital cameras since they get-go appeared, and earlier that began his career writing about film photography. He has used and reviewed practically every interchangeable lens photographic camera launched in the past 20 years, from entry-level DSLRs to medium format cameras, together with lenses, tripods, gimbals, calorie-free meters, photographic camera bags and more than. Rod has his own camera gear web log at fotovolo.com
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but too writes about photo-editing applications and techniques at lifeafterphotoshop.com
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Source: https://www.digitalcameraworld.com/buying-guides/what-are-the-best-camera-lenses-to-buy